Abu Qash

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Abu Qash
Other transcription(s)
 • Arabic ابو قش
 • Also spelled Abu Qash (official)
Abu Qashsh (unofficial)
AbuQashHaresha434.jpg
Abu Qash is located in the Palestinian territories
Abu Qash
Abu Qash
Location of Abu Qash within the Palestinian territories
Coordinates: 31°57′04″N 35°11′03″E / 31.95111°N 35.18417°E / 31.95111; 35.18417Coordinates: 31°57′04″N 35°11′03″E / 31.95111°N 35.18417°E / 31.95111; 35.18417
Palestine grid 167/150
Governorate Ramallah & al-Bireh
Government
 • Type Municipality
Population (2006)
 • Jurisdiction 1,404
Name meaning the father of Kǔsh (a bucket)[1]

Abu Qash (Arabic: ابو قش‎‎) is a Palestinian town located in the Ramallah and al-Bireh Governorate in the northern West Bank, 6 kilometers (3.7 mi) north of Ramallah and 1 kilometer (0.62 mi) south of the Birzeit University. According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics, it had a population of approximately 1,404 in 2007.[2]

History[edit]

Two tombs, dating to the Byzantine era have been located here.[3]

Sherds from the Byzantine and Mamluk eras have been found here.[3]

Ottoman era[edit]

Sherds from the early Ottoman era have also been found here.[3]

In 1863 Victor Guérin noted it as "A hamlet of about twenty houses, situated on a high hill, the slopes of which are partly covered with vines, olive trees and fig trees."[4]

An Ottoman village list of about 1870 indicated that the village had 25 houses and a population of 78, though the population count included men, only. It was further noted that it was located just West of Surda.[5]

In 1882 the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine (SWP) described Abu Kush as: "a very small hamlet, with a well on the north, on an ancient road, with a few olives near."[6]

British Mandate era[edit]

In the 1922 census of Palestine, conducted by the British Mandate authorities, the population of Abu Qash was 171 Muslims,[7] increasing in the 1931 census to 246 inhabitants, in 49 houses.[8]

In 1945 Abu Qash had a population of 300 Muslims,[9] and a total land area of 4,751 dunams.[10] 1,166 dunams were for plantations and irrigable land, 1,447 were for cereals,[11] while 42 dunams were built-up areas.[12]

Jordanian era[edit]

In the wake of the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, and after the 1949 Armistice Agreements, Abu Qash came under Jordanian rule.

Post-1967[edit]

After the Six-Day War in 1967, Abu Qash has been under Israeli occupation.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 221
  2. ^ 2007 PCBS Census. Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics. p.113.
  3. ^ a b c Finkelstein et al, 1997, p. 411
  4. ^ Guérin, 1869, p. 34
  5. ^ Socin, 1879, p. 149
  6. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 293
  7. ^ Barron, 1922, Table VII, Sub-district of Ramalllah, p. 16
  8. ^ Mills, 1932, p.47
  9. ^ Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 26
  10. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 64.
  11. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 111
  12. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 161

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]