Abu Umayya ibn Al-Mughira

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Abu Umayya ibn Al-Mughira (ابو ٱمية بن المغيرة بن هشام), whose original name was Suhayl and whose by-name was Zad ar-Rakib ("the Travellers' Provider")[1]:80 was the chief of Mecca in the early seventh century.


He was the son of Mughīrah ibn Abdullah ibn Umar ibn Makhzūm, hence a member of the Makhzum clan of the Quraysh tribe.[1]:80 Among his brothers were the following.

  1. Abu Ḥudhayfa.[2]:147
  2. Abdullah.[2]:286
  3. Al-As.[2]:537
  4. Azwar.[citation needed]
  5. Walīd,[2]:119,165 father of Khalid ibn al-Walid.[2]:187–188
  6. Hafs, first husband of Hind bint Utbah.[3]:165
  7. al-Fākih,[2]:165,562 second husband of Hind bint Utbah.[4]
  8. Hishām, father of Amr ibn Hishām.[2]:119 and maternal grandfather of Umar[2]:159 and of Abu Rabī'ah.[2]:168

His wives and children included the following.

  1. Atika bint Abdul Muttalib, who was from the Hashim clan of the Quraysh and an aunt of Muhammad.
    1. Abdullah[2]:134–135
    2. Zuhayr.[2]:177
    3. Qurayba "the Elder".[3]:31
  2. Atika bint Amir ibn Rabia, who was from the Firas ibn Ghanam clan of the Kinana tribe.
    1. Umm Salama, a wife of Muhammad.[1]:80,175
    2. Hishām,[2]:403
    3. Mas'ūd[2]:338
    4. Abdullah al-Muhajir.[1]:80
  3. Atika bint Utba ibn Rabia, who was from the Abdshams clan of the Quraysh.
    1. Qurayba "the Younger", a wife of Umar and of Muawiyah I.[3]:184

He was a wealthy merchant. He was known as Zad ar-Rakib because on all his journeys he paid the expenses of every person in the company.[1]:80

Rebuilding of the Kaaba[edit]

Abu Umayya was the chief of Mecca at the time when the Kaaba was rebuilt[5]:24 in 605. All the clans of Quraysh shared this task, with the Makhzum clan working on the section between the Black Stone and the southern corner.[2]:84–85

Controversy arose over who should have the honour of replacing the Black Stone. The dispute became so severe that for four or five days, all work on the rebuilding ceased. Abu Umayya played a key role in settling the dispute by suggesting that the next man to enter the gate should be appointed umpire. The Quraysh agreed to this. As it happened, the next man to walk in was the future prophet Muhammad. The Quraysh were pleased, saying, "This is the Trustworthy One. We are satisfied. This is Muhammad." He settled the dispute by placing the Black Stone on a cloak. Representatives from each clan took one corner, and they lifted the cloak together. Muhammad then placed the stone with his own hand.[2]:86


  1. ^ a b c d e Muhammad ibn Jarir al-Tabari. Tarikh al-Rusul wa'l-Muluk. Translated by Landau-Tasseron, E. (1998). Volume 39: Biographies of the Propeht's Companions and Their Successors. Albany: State University of New York Press.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Muhammad ibn Ishaq. Sirat Rasul Allah. Translated by Guillaume, A. (1955). The Life of Muhammad. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  3. ^ a b c Muhammad ibn Saad. Kitab al-Tabaqat al-Kabir vol. 8. Translated by Bewley, A. (1995). The Women of Madina. London: Ta-Ha Publishers.
  4. ^ Jalal al-Deen al-Suyuti. Tarikh al-Khulufa. Translated by Jarrett, H. S. (1881). History of the Caliphs, p. 200. Calcutta: The Asiatic Society.
  5. ^ Guillaume, A. (1960). New Light on the Life of Muhammad. Manchester: Manchester University Press.