Abu al-Rabi Sulayman
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|Abu ar-Rabi Sulayman|
|Sultan of Morocco
|Reign||1308 – 1310|
Abu ar-Rabi Sulayman (أبو الربيع سليمان abū ar-rabīʿ sulaymān) (March 1289 – 23 November 1310)(reigned 28 July 1308 – 23 November 1310) was a Marinid ruler of Morocco. Son or grandson of Abu Yaqub Yusuf and brother of Abu Thabit Amir, whom he succeeded in 1308, at the age of 19.
Abu ar-Rabi Sulayman succeeded his brother Abu Thabit Amir as Marinid sultan in July 1308. Abu Thabit had died at Tetouan, while laying siege to Ceuta, then held by Othman ibn Idris, a Nasrid-sponsored pretender to the Marinid throne. It is alleged that emissaries of Abu al-Rabi were party to the talks at Alcalá de Henares in late 1309 between Ferdinand IV of Castile and James II of Aragon directed against the Nasrid sultan Muhammad III of Granada. After Muhammad III was deposed in a place coup by his brother Nasr in March 1309, the Nasrids were quick to repair relations, abandoning the pretender Othman ibn Idris and actively assisting Abu al-Rabi in recovering Ceuta in July 1309.
The Marinids were quick to return the favor. Abu al-Rabi dispatched a Marinid fleet to force the Castilians to lift the siege of Algeciras in January 1310, and dispatched enough North African troops to assist the Granadines to fend off the Aragonese landing near Almeria.
As part of the deal, a marriage treaty was contracted between Abu al-Rabi and a Granadine princess. The Nasrid ruler Nasr of Granada passed over the Iberian towns of Algeciras and Ronda to the Marinids as dowry.
Abu Thabit Amir
Abu Sa'id Uthman II
- C.A. Julien, Histoire de l'Afrique du Nord, des origines à 1830, Payot (1961, reedit. orig. 1931)
- C.E. Bosworth, The New Islamic Dynasties: A Chronological and Genealogical Manual, Edinburgh University Press (2004), pp. 41–42 ISBN 9780748621378