Abu'l-Hasan Ali of Granada

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Abu'l-Hasan Ali
Sultan of Granada
(1st reign)
Reign1464–1482
PredecessorAbu Nasr Sa'd of Granada
SuccessorMuhammad XII of Granada
Sultan of Granada
(2nd reign)
Reign1483–1485
PredecessorMuhammad XII of Granada
SuccessorMuhammad XIII of Granada
BornUnknown
Died1485
DynastyNasrides
FatherAbu Nasr Sa'd of Granada
ReligionIslam

Abu'l-Hasan Ali ibn Sa'd (Arabic: أبو الحسن علي, romanizedAbū al-Ḥasan ‘Alī ibn Saʿd; d. 1485), known as Muley Hacén in Spanish (Muley being derived from Arabic Mawlay = "My Lord"), was the twenty-first Nasrid ruler of the Emirate of Granada in Spain, from 1464 to 1482 and again from 1483 to 1485.

Life[edit]

The son of Sa'd, Abu'l-Hasan Ali became sultan in 1464, and in 1477 he refused to pay tribute to the Crown of Castile. In 1481 he ordered an invasion to the city of Zahara de la Sierra by surprise, killing and enslaving the unarmed Christian Zaharans. This action was taken by Isabella I of Castile as a reason to start the war against Granada.

He was the father of Muhammad XII (also known as Boabdil), the last sultan of Granada, by his relative Aixa.

He abandoned Aixa to marry the former Christian slave Isabel de Solís, the daughter of Sancho Jiménez de Solís, Alcalde of La Peña de Martos, who he gave the name Zoraida or Soraya (Thuraya, "Star") after her conversion to Islam and with whom he had two sons. This marriage caused a scandal. In 1482, he was ousted by a rebellion supported by Aixa and replaced the son of his first marriage, Boabdil.

He was able to retake the throne in 1483, and reigned a further two years. He died in 1485, and was succeeded by his brother. After the defeat of Granada in 1492, Zoraya and her two sons re-converted to Catholicism. The sons took the names of Juan de Granada and Fernando de Granada.[1]

Culture[edit]

Mulhacén, the highest mountain of Spain, is named after Abu'l-Hasan Ali.

Abu l-Hasan Ali appears as a character, along with Isabel de Solís, in the novel "People of the Book" by Geraldine Brooks, and Part 17 of Washington Irving's Tales of the Alhambra briefly mentions Mula Abul Hassan.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Drayson, Elizabeth. The Moor’s Last Stand. Profile Books Limited (2017). ISBN 9781782832768.

External links[edit]

Abu'l-Hasan Ali of Granada
Cadet branch of the Banu Khazraj
 Died: 1485
Regnal titles
Preceded by Sultan of Granada
1464–1482
Succeeded by
Preceded by Sultan of Granada
1483–1485
Succeeded by