Abu'l-Hasan Ali of Granada

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Abu'l-Hasan Ali
Sultan of Granada
(1st reign)
PredecessorAbu Nasr Sa'd of Granada
SuccessorMuhammad XII of Granada
Sultan of Granada
(2nd reign)
PredecessorMuhammad XII of Granada
SuccessorMuhammad XIII of Granada
FatherAbu Nasr Sa'd of Granada

Abu'l-Hasan Ali ibn Sa'd (Arabic: أبو الحسن علي, romanizedAbū al-Ḥasan ‘Alī ibn Saʿd; d. 1485), known as Muley Hacén in Spanish (Muley being derived from Arabic مولاي mawlāy = "my lord"[1]), was the twenty-first Nasrid ruler of the Emirate of Granada in Spain, from 1464 to 1482 and again from 1483 to 1485.


The son of Sa'd, Abu'l-Hasan Ali became sultan in 1464, and in 1477 he refused to pay tribute to the Crown of Castile. In 1481 he ordered an invasion to the city of Zahara de la Sierra by surprise, killing and enslaving the unarmed Christian Zaharans. This action was taken by Isabella I of Castile as a reason to start the war against Granada.

He was the father of Muhammad XII (also known as Boabdil), the last sultan of Granada, by his relative Aixa.

He abandoned Aixa to marry the former Christian slave Isabel de Solís, the daughter of Sancho Jiménez de Solís, Alcalde of La Peña de Martos, who he gave the name Zoraida or Soraya (Thuraya, "Star") after her conversion to Islam and with whom he had two sons. This marriage caused a scandal. In 1482, he was ousted by a rebellion supported by Aixa and replaced by the son of his first marriage, Boabdil.

He was able to retake the throne in 1483, and reigned a further two years. He died in 1485, and was succeeded by his brother. After the defeat of Granada in 1492, Zoraida and her two sons re-converted to Catholicism. The sons took the names of Juan de Granada and Fernando de Granada.[2]


Mulhacén, the highest mountain of the Iberian Peninsula, is named after Abu'l-Hasan Ali.

Abu l-Hasan Ali appears as a character, along with Isabel de Solís, in the novel "People of the Book" by Geraldine Brooks, and Part 17 of Washington Irving's Tales of the Alhambra briefly mentions Mula Abul Hassan.

He is also a subject in one of Naseem Hijazi's famous novels Shaheen which portrays him as brave and a struggler for justice (mujahid) who is not even ready to pay tribute to Christians which he considers as a form of slavery and his conscience doesn't permit him to do so.


  1. ^ compare with "mulá". Diccionario de la lengua española (in Spanish). RAE-ASALE. 2023. Retrieved 31 Jul 2023.
  2. ^ Drayson, Elizabeth. The Moor’s Last Stand. Profile Books Limited (2017). ISBN 9781782832768.

External links[edit]

Abu'l-Hasan Ali of Granada
Cadet branch of the Banu Khazraj
 Died: 1485
Regnal titles
Preceded by Sultan of Granada
Succeeded by
Preceded by Sultan of Granada
Succeeded by