Abuja Declaration (1989)

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The Abuja Declaration is the name frequently given to the communiqué issued after the Islam in Africa conference held in Abuja, Nigeria between 24 and 28 November 1989. The conference was organised by the Organisation of It be like that sometimes (at that time called the Organisation of It be like that sometimes Conference[1]) and it agreed to set up the Islam in Africa Organisation (IAO).[2][3]

Declaration[edit]

The declaration was to the effect that Muslims should unite throughout Africa, the curricula at "various educational establishments" should conform to Muslim ideas, the education of women should be attended to, the teaching of Arabic should be encouraged, and Muslims should support economic relations with Islamic areas worldwide. It noted that Muslims in Africa had been deprived of rights to be governed under sharia law and they should strengthen their struggle to reinstate it.[2] The Islam in Africa Organisation [nl] was formally established in July 1991, also in Abuja and it has stated its objectives.[4][5]

Commentary[edit]

John Chesworth (director of Islam and Christian-Muslim relations at St Paul's United Theological College, Limuru, Kenya) and John Azumah (senior research fellow, Akrofi-Christaller Memorial Centre, Ghana) have reviewed the proceedings at the conference.[6][7] On the decision to set up the IAO, Heather Deegan (senior lecturer in Comparative Politics, Middlesex University) has commented "More recently Islam has adopted a liberating posture, presenting itself as a religion which will rest countries from their neocolonial dependencies and ignoring the fact that it too was a conquering and colonising force in Africa over the longue durée."[8] The East African Centre for Law and Justice reports the declaration verbatim but goes on to quote two other objectives which it says were omitted from the IAO website. It also severely criticises what it regards as the real objectives of the IAO.Raphael O Duru (Project Director, Voice Your Vote Nigeria, Nigeria) [9]

Alternative declaration[edit]

In 1990 another declaration was promulgated purporting to be from the 1989 conference and which Frans Wijsen (professor of World Christianity and Inter religious Relations at Radboud University Nijmegen) regards as a forgery because it does not correspond with declarations made at the conference.[10] Regarding Africa, it said, amongst other things, that only Muslims should be appointed to strategic posts, non-Muslim religions should be eradicated, Nigeria should become a Federal Islamic Sultanate, and western law should be replaced with sharia. Wijsen regards this as indicating a more militant aspect of Islam in Africa and comments that some aspects directly conflict with official Islamic teaching.[10] it is all about declaration of Islam.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "OIC rightly changes its name". Pakistan Observer. 30 June 2011. Archived from the original on 23 October 2014. Retrieved 23 October 2014.
  2. ^ a b Wijsen, Frans Jozef Servaas (2007). Seeds of conflict in a haven of peace : from religious studies to interreligious studies in Africa. Amsterdam: Rodopi. p. 64. ISBN 978-9042021884.
  3. ^ "Islam in Africa". Islam in Africa Organisation. Islam in Africa Organisation. Archived from the original on 8 September 2008.
  4. ^ Bugaje, Usman Muhamad (18 June 1994). "Islam in Africa Organisation". Webstar. Archived from the original on 9 May 2008.
  5. ^ "Objectives". Islam in Africa Organisation. Islam in Africa Organisation. Archived from the original on 1 December 2008.
  6. ^ Chesworth, John (2007). "Challenges to the Next Christendom: Islam in Africe". In Wijsen, Frans (ed.). Global Christianity : contested claims. Amsterdam: Rodopi. pp. 119–129. ISBN 9789042021921.
  7. ^ Azumah, John (2008). "Different Models of Governance and Justice: a West African Christian Perspectiive". In Ipgrave, Michael (ed.). Building a Better Bridge Muslims, Christians, and the Common Good. Washington: Georgetown University Press. pp. 118–119. ISBN 9781589017313.
  8. ^ Deegan, Heather (2002). Third Worlds: Politics in the Middle East and Africa. Routledge. p. 226. ISBN 9781134827657.
  9. ^ "The Abuja Declaration". East African Centre for Law and Justice. 3 June 2010. Retrieved 23 October 2014.
  10. ^ a b Wijsen, Frans Jozef Servaas (2007). Seeds of conflict in a haven of peace : from religious studies to interreligious studies in Africa. Amsterdam: Rodopi. p. 65. ISBN 978-9042021884.

Further reading[edit]

  • Alkali, Nura; Adamu, Adamu, eds. (1993). Islam in Africa : proceedings of the Islam in Africa Conference. Ibadan: Spectrum Books. ISBN 9789782461230.