Federal Capital Territory, Nigeria

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Federal Capital Territory
Nickname(s): Centre of Unity
Location of Federal Capital Territory in Nigeria
Location of Federal Capital Territory in Nigeria
Coordinates: 8°50′N 7°10′E / 8.833°N 7.167°E / 8.833; 7.167Coordinates: 8°50′N 7°10′E / 8.833°N 7.167°E / 8.833; 7.167
Country  Nigeria
Date created 3 February 1976
Capital Abuja
 • Ministry Federal Capital Territory Administration (FCTA)
 • Minister[2] Mohammed Musa Bello
 • Permanent Secretary Ajakaiye Babatope
 • Total 7,315 km2 (2,824 sq mi)
Population (2011 estimate)1
 • Total 2,238,800[1]
Time zone WAT (UTC+01)
ISO 3166 code NG-FC
Website fct.gov.ng
^1 Preliminary results

The Federal Capital Territory, commonly known as FCT, or loosely as FCT-Abuja, is a federal territory in central Nigeria. Abuja, the capital city of Nigeria is located in this territory. FCT was formed in 1976 from parts of the states of Nasarawa, Niger, and Kogi. It is in the central region of the country. Unlike the States of Nigeria, which are headed by elected Governors, it is administered by the Federal Capital Territory Administration, headed by a minister appointed by the President.


The territory is located just north of the confluence of the Niger River and Benue River. It is bordered by the states of Niger to the West and North, Kaduna to the northeast, Nasarawa to the east and south, and Kogi to the southwest.

Lying between latitude 8.25 and 9.20 north of the equator and longitude 6.45 and 7.39 east of Greenwich Meridian, Abuja is geographically located in the center of the country.

The Federal Capital Territory has a landmass of approximately 7,315 km2, and it is situated within the Savannah region with moderate climatic conditions.

Area councils[edit]

The territory is currently made up of six local councils, comprising the City of Abuja and five Local Government Areas, namely:

Natural resources in FCT[edit]

  • Marble
  • Tin
  • Clay
  • Mica
  • Tantalite
  • Lead/Zinc


  1. ^ "Federal Capital Territory (Nigeria)". City Population. Retrieved 26 October 2015. 
  2. ^ See List of Abuja Federal Capital Territory Ministers for a list of prior ministers

External links[edit]