Abuko

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Abuko
Livestock market in Abuko
Livestock market in Abuko
Abuko is located in The Gambia
Abuko
Abuko
Location in the Gambia
Coordinates: 13°24′15″N 16°39′21″W / 13.40417°N 16.65583°W / 13.40417; -16.65583Coordinates: 13°24′15″N 16°39′21″W / 13.40417°N 16.65583°W / 13.40417; -16.65583
Country The Gambia
Division Western Division
District Kombo North/Saint Mary
Elevation 49 ft (15 m)
Population (2012)
 • Total 6,572
  [1]
Time zone UTC (UTC+0)

Abuko is a town in the West Coast Division of the Gambia, five miles southwest of the capital Banjul. It is located in the district of Kombo North/Saint Mary to the north of Banjul International Airport and Abuko Nature Reserve.

Location[edit]

Abuko is in the West Coast Division, in the western part of the country, 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) south-west of the capital city Banjul. It had 6,572 inhabitants as of 2012.[1] The area around Abuko is well-populated, with 1,056 people per square kilometer.[2] The nearest larger city is Serekunda, 4.5 kilometres (2.8 mi) north-west of Abuko.[3] The town is home to the Abuko United FC.[4]

The 259 acres (105 ha) Abuko Nature Reserve, created in 1968, lies to the south of the town. It is the most visited tourist attraction in Gambia, with over 30,000 visitors annually. It contains tropical canopy forest near the Lamin Stream, giving way to Guinean savanna further from the water. The reserve is home to many species of bird, four primates and a variety of reptiles.[5]

Terrain[edit]

Abuko is 15 metres (49 ft) above sea level.[a] The surrounding land is mainly flat.[b] The highest point nearby has an elevation of 26 metres (85 ft), 1 kilometre (0.62 mi) south of Abuko.[c] The vegetation around Abuko is almost all fields.[3] Peninsulas and islands are common in the region.[d]

Climate[edit]

Abuko has a savanna climate. The average temperature is 24 °C (75 °F). The hottest month is April, with 27 °C (81 °F) and the coldest month is July, with 22 °C (72 °F).[7] Average annual rainfall is 1,148 millimetres (45.2 in). The wettest month is August, with 449 millimetres (17.7 in) of rain, and the driest month is February, with 1 millimetre (0.039 in) of rain.[8]

Abuko
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
2
 
 
32
15
 
 
1
 
 
33
17
 
 
1
 
 
36
17
 
 
1
 
 
36
18
 
 
18
 
 
36
18
 
 
63
 
 
27
19
 
 
269
 
 
25
19
 
 
449
 
 
22
22
 
 
254
 
 
24
21
 
 
86
 
 
27
22
 
 
3
 
 
29
20
 
 
1
 
 
31
17
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: [7]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Elevation is calculated from elevation data from the Viewfinder Panoramas.[1][6]
  2. ^ Terrain characteristics are calculated from the variance of all elevation data from the Viewfinder Panoramas within a 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) radius.[6]
  3. ^ Calculated from elevation data from the Viewfinder Panoramas.[6]
  4. ^ Peninsulas, and islands are more common in a 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) radius than for the average point on the earth, according to the GeoNames.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "abuko". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. 2012-01-18. Retrieved 2015-05-23. 
  2. ^ "NASA Earth Observations: Population Density". NASA/SEDAC. Retrieved 30 January 2016. 
  3. ^ a b "NASA Earth Observations: Land Cover Classification". NASA/MODIS. Retrieved 30 January 2016. 
  4. ^ "Abuko United completes East quarter-finals line-up", The Point, 30 October 2014, retrieved 2016-09-24 
  5. ^ Abuko Nature Reserve, Access Gambia, retrieved 2016-09-24 
  6. ^ a b c "Viewfinder Panoramas Digital elevation Model". 2015-06-21. 
  7. ^ a b "NASA Earth Observations Data Set Index". NASA. Retrieved 30 January 2016. 
  8. ^ "NASA Earth Observations: Rainfall (1 month - TRMM)". NASA/Tropical Rainfall Monitoring Mission. Retrieved 30 January 2016.