Abul Barkat

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ভাষা শহীদ বরকত
Abul Barkat
Native name আবুল বরকত
Born Murshidabad, Bengal Presidency
Died Dhaka, Bangladesh
Nationality Bangladeshi
Occupation Language rights activist

Abul Barkat (Bengali: আবুল বরকত ) (June 16, 1927 – February 21, 1952) was a demonstrator killed during the Bengali Language Movement protests which took place in the erstwhile East Pakistan (currently Bangladesh), in 1952. He is considered a martyr in Bangladesh.[1]

Background[edit]

Epitaph on Barkat's grave at Azimpur Graveyard, Dhaka.

Abul Barkat was born at village Babla in Bharatpur Thana of Murshidabad, Bengal (now in India) and migrated to Bangladesh (the then East Pakistan) in 1948. Barkat was the son of Shamsuddin.

He passed his matriculation from Talibpur High School in 1945 and passed the intermediate from the Berhampore Krishnath College in 1947, as a student of the University of Calcutta. He came to East Bengal after the partition of India in 1948, and resided at his uncle's house named "Bishnupria Bhaban". In the same year he got admitted to Dhaka University to study political science. He received his honors in 1951 where he stood fourth in the second class. He was a Masters student of the department of political science of Dhaka University.[2]

Events[edit]

Abul Barkat was not an active politician but a politically conscious one. On February 21, 1952 while the students were violating the rule 144 on the road in front of Dhaka Medical College, police started firing and a bullet hit Barkat who was standing under the no. 12 shed of the hostel. Barkat was seriously injured and later died at the Dhaka Medical College at about 8 PM that day. Later he was buried in the Azimpur Graveyard.

Legacy[edit]

Abul Barkat was awarded Ekushey Padak in 2000. A museum has been built for him in Dhaka University campus.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tribune Report. "Tribute paid to language martyrs". dhakatribune.com. Dhaka Tribune. Retrieved 10 July 2015. 
  2. ^ Rahman, Palash. "Martyr Barkat museum still waiting for opening". archive.thedailystar.net. The Daily Star. Retrieved 10 July 2015. 
  3. ^ Rahman, Palash. "Martyr Barkat museum still waiting for opening". archive.thedailystar.net. The Daily Star. Retrieved 10 July 2015. 

External links[edit]

  • Short biography in Prime Minister's official web site, Govt of Bangladesh