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Abutilon fruticosum is a widespread species of flowering plant in the mallow family known by the common names Texas Indian mallow, pelotazo, and sweet Indian mallow. It is native to Africa, southern and southwestern Asia (from Saudi Arabia to India), northern Mexico, and the south-central United States.
Abutilon fruticosum is a perennial herb growing up to 1.8 meters (6 feet) tall, but usually not exceeding 90 centimeters (3 feet). The alternately arranged leaves are up to 10 centimeters (4 inches) long. The blades are thick and coated in hairs, appearing gray. The yellow-orange flowers are up to about 2.5 centimeters (1 inch) wide. Flowering occurs in June through October in Texas.
Abutilon fruticosum is eaten by wild and domesticated ungulates. The seeds provide food for birds such as the bobwhite quail. The flowers attract birds and butterflies. It is host to larvae of a number of butterfly species.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Abutilon fruticosum.|
- The Plant List, Abutilon fruticosum Guill. & Perr.
- Abutilon fruticosum. NatureServe.
- Prota4u Record Display, Abutilon fruticosum Guill. & Perr.
- Flora of Pakistan
- Biota of North America Program 2014 county distribution map
- Fryxell, P. A. 1988. Malvaceae of Mexico. Systematic Botany Monographs 25: 1–522.
- African Flowering Plants Database - Base de Donnees des Plantes a Fleurs D'Afrique. 2008
- Abutilon fruticosum. United States Department of Agriculture NRCS Plant Guide.
- United States Department of Agriculture Plants Profile
- Photo of herbarium specimen at Missouri Botanical Garden, collected in Ethiopia in 1805
- Photo of herbarium specimen at Missouri Botanical Garden, collected in Coahuila in 2000
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