Abutilon indicum

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Abutilon indicum
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Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Malvales
Family: Malvaceae
Genus: Abutilon
A. indicum
Binomial name
Abutilon indicum

Sida indica L.

Indian abutilon

Abutilon indicum (Indian abutilon, Indian mallow) is a small shrub in the Malvaceae family, native to tropic and subtropical regions and sometimes cultivated as an ornamental.Found in Tamil Nadu.[2] This plant is often used as a medicinal plant and is considered invasive on certain tropical islands.Its roots and leaves are used for curing fever.[1]

  • Tamil name: துத்தி "thuthi"
  • Sanskrit name: अतिबला Atibalaa
  • Telugu name: Duvvena Kayalu "duvvena benda"(దువ్వెన బెండ)
  • Kannada name: TuThThi gida (ತುಥ್ಥಿ ಗಿಡ)
  • Odia name: ପେଡ଼ି ପେଡ଼ିକା "Pedi Pedika" [3]


The species occurs in a number of tropical and subtropical zones. An example occurrence is within parts of the Great Barrier Reef islands of the Coral Sea.[4]

Traditional medicine[edit]

In traditional medicine, A. indicum various parts of the plant are used as a demulcent, aphrodisiac,laxative, diuretic, sedative, astringent, expectorant, tonic, anti-inflammatory, anthelmintic, and analgesic and to treat leprosy, ulcers, headaches, gonorrhea, and bladder infection.[5] The whole plant is uprooted, dried and is powdered. In ancient days, maidens were made to consume a spoonful of this powder with a spoonful of honey, once in a day, for 6 months until the day of marriage, for safe and quick pregnancy.{{Pandikumar, P., Chellappandian, M., Mutheeswaran, S., & Ignacimuthu, S. (2011). Consensus of local knowledge on medicinal plants among traditional healers in Mayiladumparai block of Theni District, Tamil Nadu, India. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 134(2), 354-362.}}

The plant is very much used in Siddha medicines. The root, bark, flowers, leaves and seeds are all used for medicinal purposes by Tamils.[citation needed] The leaves are used as adjunct to medicines used for pile complaints. The flowers are used to increase semen in men.[6][unreliable medical source?]

Abutilon indicum.


β-Sitosterol is present in A. indicum and a petroleum ether extract has larvicidal properties against the mosquito larvae Culex quinquefasciatus.[7] A methanol extract of A. indicum has some antimicrobial properties.[8]


  1. ^ a b "Abutilon indicum". Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk. Retrieved 2008-06-18.
  2. ^ Matlwaska (2002). "Flavonoid compounds in the flowers of Abutilon indicum (Linn.) Sweet" (PDF). Acia Poloniac Pharmaceutic - Drug Research. 59 (3): 227–229.
  3. ^ http://www.ekamravan.in/medicinal_detail.htm
  4. ^ C.Michael Hogan (2011). "Coral Sea". In P. Saundry; C.J. Cleveland. Encyclopedia of Earth. Washington DC: National Council for Science and the Environment.
  5. ^ Nishanta Rajakaruna; Cory S. Harris; G.H.N. Towers (2002). "Antimicrobial Activity of Plants Collected from Serpentine Outcrops in Sri Lanka" (PDF). Pharmaceutical Biology. 40 (3): 235–244. doi:10.1076/phbi.
  6. ^ J.Raamachandran, "HERBS OF SIDDHA MEDICINES-The First 3D Book on Herbs, p4[full citation needed]
  7. ^ A. Abdul Rahuman; Geetha Gopalakrishnan; P. Venkatesan; Kannappan Geetha (2008). "Isolation and identification of mosquito larvicidal compound from Abutilon indicum (Linn.) Sweet". Parasitology Research. 102 (5): 981–988. doi:10.1007/s00436-007-0864-5.
  8. ^ Jigna Parekh; Nehal Karathia; Sumitra Chanda (2006). "Screening of some traditionally used medicinal plants for potential antibacterial activity". Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. 68 (6): 832. doi:10.4103/0250-474X.31031.

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