Abutilon pictum

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Abutilon pictum
Redvein Abutilon.jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Malvales
Family: Malvaceae
Genus: Abutilon
Species: A. pictum
Binomial name
Abutilon pictum
Synonyms
  • Abutilon striatum

Abutilon pictumsyn. Abutilon striatum,(disputed)[1] and commonly known as Redvein Abutilon, Red Vein Indian Mallow, Redvein Flowering Maple, Chinese-lantern[2] or Red vein Chinese lanterns, is a species of Abutilon in the Malvaceae family.[3] It is native to southern Brazil, Argentina, Paraguay and Uruguay. The plant has become naturalised in Central America, and common in horticulture.

Description[edit]

Abutilon striatum

Abutilon pictum is a shrub growing to 5 metres (16 ft) tall by 2 metres (6.6 ft) wide.[4] The leaves are 5–15 cm long, three- to five- (rarely seven-) lobed.

The yellow to orange-red bell shaped flowers have prominent dark red veining, with five petals 2–4 cm long. It blooms from April to September, and longer in warmer subtropical areas. The flowers attract pollinators, such as native bees and hummingbirds.[4]

Abutilon striatum

Uses[edit]

Culinary[edit]

The flowers are edible, raw or cooked, with the sweet flavor increasing the longer the bloom is open.[4]

Cultivation[edit]

Abutilon pictum is cultivated as a popular ornamental plant, for use in gardens in subtropical climates. They are also planted in containers or pots, on patios and balconies outdoors, or as winter house plants.[4]

The plant can grow in light shade or full sun, and is frost tender. It requires moist soil, growing suitably in fertile sandy, loamy, or well-drained clay soils.[4][5]

Cultivars[edit]

Abutilon striatum

Note: both Abutilon pictum and Abutilon striatum are susceptible to Abutilon mosaic virus - while A. pictum simply gets crinkly leaves, A. striatium develops a mottled or variegated leaf that is prized, and often sold as a different variety, notably "Gold dust" in Hawaii.[6]

  • Abutilion pictum "Mardi Gras" — Mardi Gras abutilion (syn: Abutilon pictum "Aureomaculatum"); very vigorous form to 10 ft. by 10 ft. but can be kept smaller/espaliered, has large green leaves splashed boldly with gold, narrow light orange flowers.[7]
  • Abutilon pictum "Thompsonii" — Variegated Thompson's abutilion (syn: Abutilon striatum "Thompsonii"); speckled yellow and green variegated leaves, orange flowers.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Abutilon pictum". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 16 January 2018. 
  2. ^ "BSBI List 2007". Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-01-25. Retrieved 2014-10-17. 
  3. ^ "Abutilon striatum". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 16 January 2018. 
  4. ^ a b c d e PFAF . accessed 5.15.2013
  5. ^ Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
  6. ^ Abutilon mosaic
  7. ^ Monterey Bay Nursery horticultural index: Abutilon species and cultivars Archived December 4, 2004, at the Wayback Machine..
  8. ^ Gardensandplants.com: Abutilon pictum "Thompsonii" Archived June 1, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.
  • (in Portuguese) LORENZI, H.; SOUZA, M.S. (2001) Plantas Ornamentais no Brasil: arbustivas, herbáceas e trepadeiras. Plantarum ISBN 85-86714-12-7

External links[edit]