Abya Yala, which in the Kuna language means "land in its full maturity" or "land of vital blood", is the name used by the indigenous Native American nation Kuna people, that used to inhabit near the Darien Gap (today North West Colombia and South East Panama) to refer to the American continent since before the Columbus arrival.
Origin and usage
The Bolivian Aymara leader Takir Mamani argues for the use of the term "Abya Yala" in the official declarations of indigenous peoples' governing bodies, saying that "placing foreign names on our villages, our cities, and our continents is equivalent to subjecting our identity to the will of our invaders and their heirs."  Thus, use of the term "Abya Yala" rather than a term such as New World or America may have ideological implications indicating support for indigenous rights.
A publishing house in Ecuador, Editorial Abya Yala, chose its name according to Takir Mamani's suggestion. The name has also been used by an independent theater in Costa Rica, Teatro Abya Yala,  and by a San Francisco video production and web design firm, Abya-Yala Productions.
A similar term referring to the continent of North America is Turtle Island, which is used by several Northeastern Woodland Native American tribes, especially the Haudenosaunee or Iroquois Confederacy, for the continent of North America.
- Kuna Yala is the name of the autonomous Kuna region in Panama.
- Turtle Island (North America), a similar term referring to the continent of North America.
- Miguelángel López-Hernández (2004). Encuentros en los senderos de Abya Yala. Editorial Abya Yala. ISBN 978-9978-22-363-5. Retrieved 11 May 2013.
- "Abya-Yala - ¿Quiénes somos?". Retrieved 2013-05-11.
- "Abya Yala". Asociación Cultural para las Artes Escénicas. Retrieved 2013-05-11.
- "Abya-Yala Productions". Retrieved 2013-05-11.
- Johansen, Bruce Elliott and Barbara Alice Mann, eds. Encyclopedia of the Haudenosaunee (Iroquois Confederacy) Westpoint, CT: Greenwood Press, 2000. ISBN 0-313-30880-2.
- "Turtle Island to Abya Yala - A New Anthology by Native Women by Macha Femme". Kickstarter. Retrieved 2013-05-11.