Abyssinian slaty flycatcher

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Abyssinian slaty flycatcher
Abyssinian Slaty Flycatcher (Dioptrornis chocolatinus).jpg
Photo taken in Adis Ababa
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Muscicapidae
Genus: Melaenornis
Species: M. chocolatinus
Binomial name
Melaenornis chocolatinus
(Rüppell, 1840)[2]
Synonyms
  • Muscicapa chocolatinus (Rüppell, 1840)
  • Dioptrornis chocolatinus Rüppell, 1840

The Abyssinian slaty flycatcher (Melaenornis chocolatinus), also known as Abyssinian flycatcher, Abyssinian black flycatcher or Abyssinian chocolate flycatcher, is a species of bird in the family Muscicapidae, the Old World flycatchers. It is often placed in the genus Dioptrornis. It is native to Africa, where it occurs in Eritrea and Ethiopia.[1]

Description[edit]

The Abyssinian slaty flycatcher is a rather dingy, nondescript grey brown bird which normally perches with the typical vertical posture of an Old World flycatcher. It has a yellow eye set in a plain brownish face, the upperparts are dark sooty brown and the underparts are buff brown.[3] It measures 15–16 cm in length and weights 20–25g.[4]

Voice[edit]

It makes various "tseep" calls and has a harsh chiiering alarm call.[3]

Distribution and subspecies[edit]

There are two currently recognised subspecies of Abyssinian slaty flycatcher[2] and they are listed below with their distributions:[4]

  • Melaenornis chocolatinus chocolatinus (Rüppell, 1840): central Eritrea and north and central Ethiopia.
  • Melaenornis chocolatinus reichenowi (Neumann, 1902): western Ethiopia.

Habitat[edit]

The Abyssinian slaty flycatcher occurs in mid to high altitude forest, woodland edges, clearings, in agricultural land and in suburbs, where it can be found in large gardens and parks.[3]

Habits[edit]

Hunts in a typical flycatcher manner, sallying from a perch to catch insects in flight. It is suspected to breed in January to February and March to June in Ethiopia with enlarged gonads recorded from specimens taken in June, December and March to May.[4] The nest is cup shaped and is placed at a narrow fork of a horizontal tree branch, the clutch consists of 3 blue-grey, blotched eggs.[5]

Taxonomy[edit]

The Abyssinian slaty flycatcher forms a superspecies with the Angola slaty flycatcher and the white-eyed slaty flycatcher, and these three species are sometime placed in the genus Dioptrornis, or lumped as a single species but the allapatry and morphological differences shown support their treatment as allospecies. The results of a molecular phylogenetic study published in 2010 led to a reorganization of the Old World flycatchers family in which the four species in Bradornis and the single species in Sigelus together with the Dioprornis species were merged into Melaenornis.[6][7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b BirdLife International 2012. Dioptrornis chocolatinus. Archived 2015-04-10 at the Wayback Machine. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. Downloaded on 05 April 2015.
  2. ^ a b "Dioptrornis chocolatinus (Rüppell, 1840)". Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) (https://www.itis.gov). Archived from the original on 2016-11-07. Retrieved 2016-11-06. 
  3. ^ a b c Sinclair, Ian; Ryan, Peter (2003). Birds of Africa south of the Sahara. Struik. p. 546. ISBN 1-86872-857-9. 
  4. ^ a b c "Abyssinian Slaty-flycatcher (Melaenornis chocolatinus))". Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions. Archived from the original on 2016-09-13. Retrieved 2016-11-06. 
  5. ^ "Abyssinian Slaty Flycatcher". Birdforum Opus. Birdforum.net. Archived from the original on 2016-11-06. Retrieved 2016-11-06. 
  6. ^ Gill, Frank; Donsker, David (eds.). "Chats, Old World flycatchers". World Bird List Version 6.2. International Ornithologists' Union. Archived from the original on 20 June 2016. Retrieved 20 May 2016. 
  7. ^ Sangster, G.; Alström, P.; Forsmark, E.; Olsson, U. (2010). "Multi-locus phylogenetic analysis of Old World chats and flycatchers reveals extensive paraphyly at family, subfamily and genus level (Aves: Muscicapidae)". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 57 (1): 380–392. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2010.07.008. PMID 20656044.