Acacia coriacea

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Acacia coriacea
Acacia coriaceae.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Clade: Mimosoideae
Genus: Acacia
Species: A. coriacea
Binomial name
Acacia coriacea
Acacia-coriacea-range-map.png
Range of Acacia coriacea

Acacia coriacea, commonly known as river jam, wirewood, desert oak, wiry wattle or dogwood, is a tree in the family Mimosoideae of family Fabaceae. Indigenous Australians know the plant as Gunandru.[1]

Description[edit]

A. coriacea seed pod

River jam grows to a height of about eight metres. It usually has just one or two main trunks. Like most Acacia species, it has phyllodes rather than true leaves. These are thick and leathery, between twenty and thirty centimetres long, and narrow. The flowers are yellow, and held in spherical clusters about five millimetres in diameter. The pods are usually curled up, but are around twenty centimetres long when straightened. They are greatly constricted between the seeds.[2] Indigenous Australians used the seeds of the plant as a food source.[1]

Distribution[edit]

Acacia coriacea occurs throughout northern Australia, growing as a tall tree on the banks of rivers. It can also occur as a spreading, low tree behind coastal dunes and on 'spinifex' plains.[3]

Common name issues[edit]

In some parts of A. coriacea's range the common name "desert oak" is prevalent,[4] but throughout the larger part of that range this name is often applied to another tree, Allocasuarina decaisneana.[5][6]

The name "Dogwood" is used for numerous plant species in Australia and elsewhere, see Dogwood (disambiguation).

Varieties[edit]

There are three subspecies.[7]

Acacia coriacea subsp. coriacea
Acacia coriacea subsp. pendens
Acacia coriacea subsp. sericophylla
  • Acacia coriacea var. coriacea is a synonym for Acacia coriacea subsp. coriacea.[8]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b David R. Harris; Gordon C. Hillman (2014). Foraging and Farming: The Evolution of Plant Exploitation. Routledge. ISBN 9781317598299.
  2. ^ "Acacia coriacea". FloraBase. Western Australian Government Department of Parks and Wildlife.
  3. ^ Mitchell, A.A., Wilcox, D.G. (1988). Arid Shrubland Plants of Western Australia. Perth: University of Western Australia Press. p. 382. ISBN 1-875560-22-X.
  4. ^ Jessop, J.P.; Toelken, H.R. (1986). Flora of South Australia Part II. State Herbarium of South Australia. Adelaide: South Australian Government Printing Division. p. 530. ISBN 0 7243 4656 2.
  5. ^ Jessop, J.P., State Herbarium of South Australia; Toelken, H.R. (1986). Flora of South Australia Part I. Adelaide: South Australian Government Printing Division. p. 109. ISBN 0 7243 4648 1.
  6. ^ Western Australian Herbarium. "Allocasuarina decaisneana (F.Muell.) L.A.S.Johnson Desert Oak". Department of Environment and Conservation. Retrieved 14 June 2013.
  7. ^ http://www.anbg.gov.au/abrs/online-resources/flora/stddisplay.xsql?pnid=41549
  8. ^ Australian Plant Name Index (APNI)

General references[edit]

External links[edit]