Acacia maitlandii

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Acacia maitlandii
Acacia maitlandii.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Genus: Acacia
Species: A. maitlandii
Binomial name
Acacia maitlandii
F. Muell.
Synonyms

Acacia maitlandi F.Muell. ex Benth.
Acacia patens F.Muell.
Racosperma maitlandii (F.Muell.) Pedley[1]

Acacia maitlandii, also known as Maitland's wattle, is a perennial tree native to Australia. It has an open and spindly habit, with a height between 0.7 - 3.0 metres. Flowers are yellow and occur sometime between May and October. The favoured soil type is red sand, or stony ground, the habitat is sandy or stony plains, and on hills.[2]

The species was first described by Ferdinand von Mueller in 1863.[3] The plant is named for an early European explorer of Australia's Northwest, Maitland Brown, who collect the type specimen.[4]

Acacia maitlandii is found in northern regions of all mainland states of Australia, except Victoria,[4] and is not considered to be threatened with extinction.[2]

Uses[edit]

The species is used to make boomerangs and spearthrowers, the gum produced is edible. The tree is called Garrga in the languages of the Yindjibarndi and Ngarluma people.[5] The seeds have been identified, analysed, and monitored, as a 'wild harvested Australian indigenous food', by Food Standards Australia New Zealand. The product is found to very high in fats, over half by weight.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Acacia maitlandii F.Muell. ( as `Maitlandi' )". Australian Plant Name Index (APNI), IBIS database. Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research, Australian Government. 
  2. ^ a b "Acacia maitlandii F.Muell". FloraBase. Western Australian Government Department of Parks and Wildlife. 
  3. ^ Mueller, F.J.H. von (1863), Fragmenta Phytographiae Australiae 3(22): 46 Type: "In planitiebus lapidosis ad montes Hammersly Range legit Maitl. Brown sub expeditione Francisci Gregorii."(APNI)
  4. ^ a b P.G. Kodela (2002). "Acacia maitlandii F.Muell". New South Wales flora online. National Herbarium of New South Wales. ...named after Maitland Brown 
  5. ^ Burndud (1990). Wanggalili; Yinjibarndi and Ngarluma Plants. Juluwarlu Aboriginal Corporation. p. 17. 
  6. ^ "Acacia Maitlandii, Seed". NUTTAB 2006 Online Version. Food Standards Australia New Zealand. 2007-04-26. Archived from the original on 2008-07-30. Food ID: 15A10116 

External links[edit]

Data related to Acacia maitlandii at Wikispecies