Vachellia nilotica subsp. indica

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Vachellia nilotica subsp. indica
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Genus: Vachellia
Species: V. nilotica
Subspecies: V. n. subsp. indica
Trinomial name
Vachellia nilotica subsp. indica
(Benth.) Kyal. & Boatwr.[1]
Synonyms[2]
  • Acacia arabica sensu auct.
  • Acacia arabica var. indica Benth.
  • Acacia nilotica var. indica (Benth.) A.F.Hill
  • Acacia nilotica var. indica (Benth.) Brenan

Vachellia nilotica subsp. indica is a perennial tree native to Bangladesh, India, Myanmar, Nepal and Pakistan. It is also cultivated in Angola, Egypt, Ethiopia, and Tanzania. Common names for it include Babul, Kikar and Prickly Acacia.[2]

Its uses include chemical products, environmental management, fiber, food and drink, forage, medicine and wood.[2]

Uses[edit]

Tannin[edit]

The bark of V. nilotica subsp. indica has a tannin content of greater than 20%. The pods without seeds have a tannin content of about 18-27%[3]

Chemical compounds[edit]

The bark has been found to contain Catechin, Epicatechin, Dicatechin, Quercitin, Gallic acid and Procyanidin.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kyalangalilwa B, Boatwright JS, Daru BH, Maurin O, van der Bank M (2013). "Phylogenetic position and revised classification of Acacia s.l. (Fabaceae: Mimosoideae) in Africa, including new combinations in Vachellia and Senegalia.". Bot J Linn Soc. 172 (4): 500–523. doi:10.1111/boj.12047. 
  2. ^ a b c ILDIS LegumeWeb
  3. ^ FAO
  4. ^ Medicinal Plants: Chemistry and Properties By M. Daniel