Acacia simplex

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Acacia simplex
Acacia simplex, leaves.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Clade: Mimosoideae
Genus: Acacia
Species:
A. simplex
Binomial name
Acacia simplex
(Sparrm.) Pedley[1]
Synonyms

Acacia simplex is a perennial climbing tree native to islands in the western part of the Pacific Ocean as far east as Savaiʻi. It is also found in Argentina. This tree grows up to 12 m in height.[2]

There is no common English name, but it is called tatakia in Fiji, tatagia in Samoa, tātāngia in Tonga and Martaoui in New-Caledonia

Uses[edit]

The tree is used as a toxin in fishing. It incapacitates the fish, but it is apparently not harmful to people.[3]

Phytochemicals[edit]

Bark[edit]

Leafy stems[edit]

  • N-methyltryptamine[4]
  • N,N-dimethyltryptamine[4]
  • 2-methyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-B-carboline[4]
  • N,N-formylmethyltryptamine[4]
  • Traces of another unidentified alkaloid[4]

Stem bark[edit]

Total alkaloids 3.6% of which 40% N-methyltryptamine, 22.5% N,N-dimethyltryptamine, 12.7% 2-methyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-β-carboline.[4]

Twigs[edit]

Total alkaloids 0.11%, of which N-methyltryptamine 26.3%, 6.2% N,N-dimethyltryptamine, 5.8% 2-methyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahyrdo-β-carboline, 1.6% N,N-formylmethyltryptamine.[4]

References[edit]

See also[edit]