Académie Julian

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The Studio by Académie Julian student Marie Bashkirtseff.
First Academie Julian expo, by Widhopff, 1897.

The Académie Julian (French pronunciation: ​[akademi ʒyljɑ̃]) was a private art school founded in Paris, France in 1867 by the French painter Rodolphe Julian (1839-1907), active 1868-1968,[1] It remained famous for the number and quality of artists who attended during the great period of effervescence in the arts in the early twentieth century.[2] After 1968 it integrated with ESAG Penninghen (fr).

History[edit]

Rodolphe Julian established the Académie Julian in 1868 at the Passage des Panoramas, as a private studio school for art students.[3] The Académie Julian not only prepared students to the exams at the prestigious École des Beaux-Arts, but offered independent training in arts. At that time, women were not allowed to enroll for study to the École des Beaux-Arts, but the new Académie Julian accepted them, providing an alternative education and training. Men and women were trained separately, and women participated in the same studies as men, including the basis of art training – drawing and painting of nude models.[4]

Like its counterpart, the Académie Colarossi, it was popular with French as well as foreign students from all over the world, particularly Americans.[1] Eventually, Académie Julian students were granted the right to compete for the Prix de Rome, a prize awarded to promising young artists.[5]

The longstanding success of the Academie was secured by the famous and respected artists whom Rodolphe Julian employed as instructors: Adolphe William Bouguereau (1825–1905), Henri Royer, Jean-Paul Laurens, Edgar Chahine, Gabriel Ferrier, Tony Robert-Fleury, Jules Lefebvre and other leading artists of that time, mainly exponents of the academic style.

Over time, Académie Julian opened schools in other locations. In addition to the original school at Passage des Panoramas, studios were at no.28 Boulevard St-Jacques in the 6th arrondissement of Paris, no.5 Rue de Berri (fr) in the 8th arrondissement, no. 31 Rue du Dragon (fr) in the 6th arrondissement, no. 51, rue Vivienne (fr) in the 2nd arrondissement accepting female student artists as of 1880.

In 1888–89, Les Nabis originated as a rebellious group of young student artists who banded together at the Académie Julian.[3]

Académie Julian integrated with ESAG Penninghen (fr) in 1968.[6]

Notable professors[edit]

See also Category:Faculty of the Académie Julian

Notable professors
Professors

Gustave Alaux (fr) - Marcel Baschet - Jean-Joseph Benjamin-Constant - Jean Bouchaud - William Bouguereau - Gustave Boulanger - Alfred-Henri Bramtot (fr) - Jules Cavaillès - Edgar Chahine - Henri Chapu - Gustave-Henri Colin - Adolphe Déchenaud - André Del Debbio - Constant Detré - Louis-Théodore Devilly (fr) - Étienne Dinet - Paul Eschbach - Gabriel Ferrier - François Flameng - Marcel Gimond - Marie Laforge - William Laparra (fr) - Jean-Paul Laurens - Paul Albert Laurens - Jean-Pierre Laurens - Jules Joseph Lefebvre - Roger Limouse (fr) - Jules Pagès - Eugène Robert Pougheon - Tony Robert-Fleury - Henri Royer - Emile Sabouraud - François Schommer (fr) - Édouard Toudouze - Raoul Verlet (fr) - Henri-Achille Zo (fr) -

Notable students[edit]

See also Category:Alumni of the Académie Julian

Notable students by country
Artists by country
Flag of Argentina.svg Argentina Chas Laborde
Flag of Armenia.svg Armenia (Ottoman Empire) Edgar Chahine - Richard Jeranian
Flag of Australia.svg Australia Will Ashton - Barry Kay - Harold Septimus Power - Walter Withers
Flag of Belarus.svg Belarus (Russian Empire) Léon Bakst
Flag of Belgium.svg Belgium Louise De Hem - Fernand Khnopff - Georges Lebacq - Albert Lemaître - Fernand Allard l'Olivier - Jacques Ochs
Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil Georgina de Albuquerque - Tarsila do Amaral - Rodolfo Amoedo - Julieta de França - Ismael Nery - Nicolina Vaz de Assis - Eliseu Visconti
Bulgaria Bulgaria Elvire Jan - Shmuel Ben David
Canada Canada Frank Milton Armington - Caroline Helena Armington - Raoul Barré - Henri Beau - Octave Bélanger - John William Beatty - Alan Best (sculptor) - Franklin Brownell - Pierre Clerk - Maurice Cullen (artist) - Rodolphe Duguay - Georges-H. Duquet - Henri Fabien - Claire Fauteux - Joseph-Charles Franchère - Clarence Gagnon - Eric Goldberg (artist) - Alexander Young Jackson - Richard Jack - Augustus Kenderdine - Ernest Lawson - Arthur Lemay - Marguerite Lemieux - John Goodwin Lyman - James Wilson Morrice - Lorenzo de Nevers - Sophie Pemberton - Robert W. Pilot - John Charles Pinhey - Narcisse Poirier - Marc-Aurèle de Foy Suzor-Coté -
Flag of Chile.svg Chili Rebeca Matte Bello
Canada China Xu Beihong - Pang Xunqin
Flag of Colombia.svg Colombia Francisco Antonio Cano - Ricardo Acevedo Bernal - Jesus Maria Espinosa - Oscar Rodríguez Naranjo
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Czechoslovakia (Austro-Hungarian before 1919) František Kupka (1896) - Alfons Mucha
Flag of Denmark.svg Denmark Kay Nielsen
Flag of Finland.svg Finland Magnus Enckell - Akseli Gallen-Kallela - Pekka Halonen - Amélie Helga Lundahl - Sam Vanni
France France Louis Abel-Truchet - Jules Adler - Gustave Alaux - Mirra Alfassa- Eugène Alluaud - Ernest Amas - Albert André - Jane Atché - Claude Autenheimer - Marcel Baschet - Maurice Bastide du Lude - Paul Baudier - Jean Bazaine - Émile Beaussier - Eugène Béjot - Albert Bergevin - Marguerite Bermond - Émile Bernard- Henri Biva - Élisa Bloch - Georges A. L. Boisselier - Pierre Bonnard - Étienne Bouchaud - Jean Bouchaud - Jean Boucher - Joseph-Félix Bouchor - Louise Bourgeois - Camille Bourget[7] - André Boursier-Mougenot - Clément Brun - Étienne Buffet - Hélène-Renée Cabart-Danneville - Joseph Carlier - Jules Cavaillès - Edmond Ceria - Maurice Chabas - Auguste Chabaud - Gabriel Charlopeau - Roger Chastel - Olivier Chéron - Pierre Clayette - Émile Compard - Charles Cottet - Pierre Couronne - Jean Crotti - Raoul Dastrac - Lucien Daudet - Hermine David - Adolphe Déchenaud - Julie Delance-Feurgard - Maurice Denis - André Derain - Louis-Marie Désiré-Lucas - Maurice Denis - Émilie Desjeux - Charles Devillié - André Dignimont - Nasreddine Dinet - Jean Dubuffet - Marcel Duchamp - Georges Dufrénoy - Louis Evrard - Abel Faivre - Suzanne Fajard - Yves Faucheur - Yvonne Fauny-Huet - Madeleine Fié-Fieux - Inge Folégot - Lucien Fontanarosa - Dominique Frassati - Octave Gallian - Roland Marie Gérardin - Janik Gilbert-Rabeuf - Françoise Gilot - Georges Gimel - Luc Giraud - Marguerite Godin - Georges Gounaro - Henri Guinier - Marcel Hamel - René Georges Hermann-Paul - Édouard Henry-Baudot - Jeannine Hervé - Léonie Humbert-Vignot - Henri-Gabriel Ibels - René Jaudon - Gustave Louis Jaulmes - Émile Jourdan - Georges-André Klein, Jacques Henri Lartigue - Jean Émile Laboureur - François-Xavier Lalanne - Pierre Georges Lallement - Pierre Langlade - Albert Larcher - Jean Laronze - Jacques-Henri Lartigue - Fernand Léger - Gisèle Lestrange - Robert Lotiron - Jacques Majorelle - Lucien de Maleville - Martine Martine - Antoine Martinez - Henri Matisse - Charles Maurin - Suzanne Meunier - Arthur Midy - José Mingret - Pierre Aimé Mondan - Guy de Montlaur - Henry Moret - Blanche Moria - Henri Morisset - Manuel Moros - Roger Nivelt - Eugène Ogé - Gaston Pottier - Jane Poupelet - Jean Puy - Mélanie Quentin - Pierre Rambaud - Paul Elie Ranson - Henri-Pierre Roché - Georges-Antoine Rochegrosse - Ker-Xavier Roussel - Pierre Roy - Ernest de Saisset - Eugénie Salanson - René Schützenberger - Guillaume Seignac - Paul Sérusier - Paul Sibra - Lucien Simon - Henri Sollier - Danielle Denise Souanin - Philippe Steinmetz - Gabriel Sue - Maurice Tastemain - Francis Tattegrain - Emma Thiollier - Émile Thivier - Anael Topenot - Louis-Édouard Toulet - Antony Troncet - Louis Valtat - Jean Vercoutter - Eugène Viala - Bernard Villemot - Jacques Villon - André-Léon Vivrel - Édouard Vuillard - Jenny Zillhardt
Flag of Germany.svg Germany Jean Arp - Ernst Barlach - Fritz Erler -Louis Welden Hawkins - Mati Klarwein - Georg Kolbe - Käthe Kollwitz -Sabine Lepsius - Jeanne Mammen - Johannes Martini - Ludwig Meidner - Emil Nolde - Leo Putz - Hilla de Rebay - Ludwig Scheuermann -Max Slevogt - Hans Unger
Flag of Greece.svg Greece Athanase Apartis - Georgios Roilos
Flag of Hungary.svg Hungary Róbert Berény - Albert Bertalan - József Egry - Károly Józsa - Philip Alexius de Laszlo - Lajos Márk - Ödön Márffy- János Vaszary
Flag of India.svgR India Kattingeri Krishna Hebbar - Shanu Lahiri
Flag of Ireland.svg Ireland (UK before 1916) Eileen Gray - Paul Henry (painter) - John Lavery - Constance Markievicz - George Moore (novelist) - Sarah Purser
Flag of Italy.svg Italy Marella Agnelli
Flag of Jersey.svg Jersey John St Helier Lander
Flag of Latvia.svg Latvia Frederic Fiebig - Abel Pann
Flag of Lebanon.svg Lebanon (Ottoman Empire) Khalil Gibran - Omar Onsi
Flag of Lithuania.svg Lituania (Russian Empire) Jacques Lipchitz
Flag of Mexico.svg Mexico Diego Rivera
Flag of Nigeria.svg Nigeria Aina Onabolu
Flag of New Zealand.svg New Zealand C. F. Goldie - Alfred Henry O'Keeffe
Flag of Norway.svg Norway Augusta Harmens - Halfdan Hertzberg - Valentin Kielland - Torleif S. Knaphus - Olaf Lange - Wilhelm Rasmussen - Menga Schjelderup-Ebbe -Yngvar Sonnichsen - Gunnar Utsond - Aagot Vangen
Flag of Poland.svg Poland David Garfinkiel - Stanisława de Karłowska - Ludwik Konarzewski - Jozef Mehoffer - Dimitri d'Osnobichine - Wladyslaw Slewinski - Arthur Szyk
Flag of Romania.svg Romania Ion Andreescu - Ștefan Luchian - Camil Ressu
Flag of Russia.svg Russia Boris Anrep - Marie Bashkirtseff - Gleb Deroujinksy - Serge Férat - Leon Gaspard

Eugene Lanceray - Jean de Peské - Max Weber - Alexander Sachal

Flag of Spain.svg Spain Hermen Anglada Camarasa
Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden Gunnar Nilsson - Bror Julius Olsson Nordfeldt - Jenny Nyström - Carl Wilhelmson
Flag of Switzerland.svg Switzerland Cuno Amiet - Otto Bänninger - Paul Basilius Barth - Ernest Biéler - Edmond Bille - Louise Catherine Breslau - Hiram Brülhart- Jean-Edouard de Castella - Jean-Joseph Crotti - Hans Erni - Arnold Geissbuhler - Werner Hartmann - Joseph Constantin Kaiser - Maurice Lapaire - Hermann Obrist - Adolf Robbi - Andrea Robbi - August Suter (sculptor) - Félix Vallotton - Robert Wehrlin
Flag of Turkey.svg Turkey Vahram Manavyan
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom John Noble Barlow - William Barr - William Barribal[8] - Charles W. Bartlett - Robert Bevan - Frank Budgen - Francis Cadell (artist) - George Francis Carline - - Charles Conder -Wynford Dewhurst Thomas Cantrell Dugdale - Anne Dunn - John Elliott (artist) - Frederick William Elwell - Jacob Epstein - Anthony Gross - Herbert James Gunn - Archibald Standish Hartrick - Edmund Arthur Harvey - Stanley William Hayter - Alfred Garth Jones - William Kennedy (painter) - Charles H. M. Kerr - Flora Lion - William Brown Macdougall - Alexander Mann - Harrington Mann - Harry Morley - Ernest Normand - Sara Page - Henrietta Rae - Eric Forbes Robertson - Frederic Cayley Robinson - William Rothenstein - Charles Walter Simpson (English artist) - Herbert Ward - William T. Warrener - Frederic Whiting - Terrick Williams
Flag of the United States.svg United States George Charles Aid - Joseph Allworthy -Mathias Alten Thomas Pollock Anshutz - Louis Armand - Cecilia Beaux - Enella Benedict - Frank Weston Benson - Thomas Hart Benton - Saul Bernstein - George Biddle - Gutzon Borglum - Christy Chakos - Robert W. Chambers - Benjamen Chinn - Alson S. Clark - Griffith Baily Coale - Gino Conti - Colin Campbell Cooper - William Cotton (artist) - Eanger Irving Couse - Jose de Creeft - Charles Courtney Curran-Walter Lofthouse Dean - Jenny Eakin Delony - Charles Demuth - Thomas Dewing - Arthur Wesley Dow - Edward Dubuque- Frank DuMond - Lydia Field Emmet - Mary Fairchild -Birgitta Moran Farmer - Herbert Cyrus Farnum - Frederick Carl Frieseke - Sears Gallagher - John Marshall Gamble - Henri Bernard Goetz - Alexander Grinager - Pop Hart - Ida C. Haskell[9][10] - Childe Hassam - Theodore Haupt - Robert Henri - Albert Herter - D. Howard Hitchcock - [Jack Hooper Charles Hopkinson - Cecil de Blaquiere Howard - Frances Benjamin Johnston - Amédée Joullin - Anna Klumpke - Louis Aston Knight - Albert Henry Krehbiel - Mary Lawrence (sculptor) John Levee - Frank Xavier Leyendecker - Joseph Christian Leyendecker - Stanton Macdonald-Wright - Arthur Frank Mathews - Robert Bledsoe Mayfield - Gari Melchers - Willard Leroy Metcalf - Richard Miller - Albert Henry Munsell - Abigail May Alcott Nieriker - Henri Oren - Jules Pages - Irene E. Parmelee - William McGregor Paxton - Waldo Peirce - Lilla Cabot Perry - Bert Geer Phillips - Edward Clark Potter - Henry Varnum Poor (designer) - Maurice Prendergast - Norman Mills Price - Hovsep Pushman - Joseph Raphael - John Willard Raught -John Singer Sargent - Edward Steichen - John Storrs -Allen Butler Talcott - Robert Rauschenberg - Edward Willis Redfield - John Recknagel - Chauncey Foster Ryder - Alexander Rummler - Granville Redmond- Robert Lewis Reid - Guy Rose - Hans Schuler - Joseph Henry Sharp - Ernest Thompson Seton - Edward Simmons (painter) - Arthur Watson Sparks - Henry Ossawa Tanner - Edmund C. Tarbell - Madge Tennent William B. T. Trego - John Henry Twachtman - Artus Van Briggle - Lucretia Van Horn - Fanny Vandegrift - William Posey Silva - Rob Wagner - Beatrice Wood - Grant Wood - Martha Dewing Woodward - Cabot Yerxa
Flag of Ukraine.svg Ukraine (Russian or Austro-Hungarian Empire) Marie Bashkirtseff - Anna Bilińska-Bohdanowicz - Cassandre - Aleksandr Shevchenko - Jean Peské - David Ossipovitch Widhopff - Лопухіна Маріамна Андріанівна (uk) - Zofia Stankiewicz (uk)
Flag of Venezuela.svg Venezuela Emilio Boggio - Arturo Michelena - Cristóbal Rojas (artist) - Tito Salas


See also[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • (fr) Martine Hérold, L’Académie Julian a cent ans, 1968 [brochure commémorative des 100 années de l'Académie Julian]
  • Catherine Fehrer, « New Light on the Académie Julian and its founder (Rodolphe Julian) », in La Gazette des Beaux-Arts, mai-juin 1984.
  • Catherine Fehrer, The Julian Academy, Paris, 1868-1939 : spring exhibition, 1989, essays by Catherine Fehrer ; exhibition organized by Robert and Elisabeth Kashey, New York, N.Y. (21 E. 84th St., New York) : Shepherd Gallery, vers 1989 [incluant la liste des artistes ayant fréquenté l'Académie ainsi que des professeurs].
  • (fr) Larcher, Albert, Revivons nos belles années à l'Académie Julian 1919-1925, chez l'auteur, Auxerre, 1982.
  • « Women at the Académie Julian in Paris » in The Burlington Magazine, Londres, CXXXVI, novembre 1994.
  • Gabriel P. Weisberg et Jane R. Becker (editors), Overcoming All Obstacles : The Women of the Académie Julian, Dahesh Museum, New Brunswick, Rutgers University Press, New Jersey, 1999.
  • Reid, Dennis R. (1988). A Concise History of Canadian Painting. Toronto: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-540664-1; ISBN 978-0-19-540663-4; OCLC 18378555

References[edit]

External Link[edit]

Coordinates: 48°52′16″N 2°20′30″E / 48.87111°N 2.34167°E / 48.87111; 2.34167