The Académie Julian (French pronunciation: [akademi ʒyljɑ̃]) was a private art school founded in Paris, France in 1867 by the French painter Rodolphe Julian (1839-1907), active 1868-1968, It remained famous for the number and quality of artists who attended during the great period of effervescence in the arts in the early twentieth century. After 1968 it integrated with ESAG Penninghen.
Rodolphe Julian established the Académie Julian in 1868 at the Passage des Panoramas, as a private studio school for art students. The Académie Julian not only prepared students to the exams at the prestigious École des Beaux-Arts, but offered independent training in arts. At that time, women were not allowed to enroll for study to the École des Beaux-Arts, but the new Académie Julian accepted them, providing an alternative education and training. Men and women were trained separately, and women participated in the same studies as men, including the basis of art training – drawing and painting of nude models.
Like its counterpart, the Académie Colarossi, it was popular with French as well as foreign students from all over the world, particularly Americans. Eventually, Académie Julian students were granted the right to compete for the Prix de Rome, a prize awarded to promising young artists.
The longstanding success of the Academie was secured by the famous and respected artists whom Rodolphe Julian employed as instructors: Adolphe William Bouguereau (1825–1905), Henri Royer, Jean-Paul Laurens, Edgar Chahine, Gabriel Ferrier, Tony Robert-Fleury, Jules Lefebvre and other leading artists of that time, mainly exponents of the academic style.
Over time, Académie Julian opened schools in other locations. In addition to the original school at Passage des Panoramas, studios were at no.28 Boulevard St-Jacques in the 6th arrondissement of Paris, no.5 Rue de Berri in the 8th arrondissement, no. 31 Rue du Dragon in the 6th arrondissement, no. 51, rue Vivienne in the 2nd arrondissement accepting female student artists as of 1880.
|Notable students by country|
- (fr) Martine Hérold, L’Académie Julian a cent ans, 1968 [brochure commémorative des 100 années de l'Académie Julian]
- Catherine Fehrer, « New Light on the Académie Julian and its founder (Rodolphe Julian) », in La Gazette des Beaux-Arts, mai-juin 1984.
- Catherine Fehrer, The Julian Academy, Paris, 1868-1939 : spring exhibition, 1989, essays by Catherine Fehrer ; exhibition organized by Robert and Elisabeth Kashey, New York, N.Y. (21 E. 84th St., New York) : Shepherd Gallery, vers 1989 [incluant la liste des artistes ayant fréquenté l'Académie ainsi que des professeurs].
- (fr) Larcher, Albert, Revivons nos belles années à l'Académie Julian 1919-1925, chez l'auteur, Auxerre, 1982.
- « Women at the Académie Julian in Paris » in The Burlington Magazine, Londres, CXXXVI, novembre 1994.
- Gabriel P. Weisberg et Jane R. Becker (editors), Overcoming All Obstacles : The Women of the Académie Julian, Dahesh Museum, New Brunswick, Rutgers University Press, New Jersey, 1999.
- Reid, Dennis R. (1988). A Concise History of Canadian Painting. Toronto: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-540664-1; ISBN 978-0-19-540663-4; OCLC 18378555
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Académie Julian.|
- New-York Times, John Russel: An Art School That Also Taught Life, March 19, 1989
- Vallin, Gérard. "Elèves et professeurs de l'Académie Julian" [Students and Faculty of the Académie Julian]. academie julian (in French). Retrieved 30 September 2016.[self-published source]
- Tate Gallery, "Académie Julian."
- Farmer, J David. "Overcoming All Obstacles: The Women of the Académie Julian – An Exhibition Organized by the Dahesh Museum". California Art Club Newsletter. No. April/May 2000. Archived from the original on 10 October 2008. Retrieved 29 September 2016.
- Chilvers, Ian, ed. (2004). "Académie," Oxford Dictionary of Art, p. 5–6., p. 5, at Google Books
- penninghen.com, historique, From Académie Jullian to ESAG Penninghen
- Camille Bourget
- Gosling, Lucinda (2008). Brushes & Bayonets: Cartoons, Sketches & Paintings of World War I. Oxford: Osprey Publishing. p. 200. ISBN 978-1-84603-095-6.
- Benezit Dictionary of Artists
- (fr)Haskell on Academie Julian site
- Vallin, Gérard. "Elèves et professeurs de l'Académie Julian – Introduction" [Students and Faculty of the Académie Julian – Introduction]. academie julian (in French).