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An academic, or scientific, genealogy, organizes a family tree of scientists and scholars according to mentoring relationships, often in the form of dissertation supervision or postdoc supervision relationships.
The academic lineage or academic ancestry of someone is a chain of professors who have served as academic mentors or thesis advisors of each other, ending with the person in question. Many genealogical terms are often recast in terms of academic lineages, so one may speak of academic descendants, children, siblings, etc.
There are sites such as the Mathematics Genealogy Project devoted to documenting academic lineages for specific subject areas, and sites like the PhDTree Project to providing a complete academic genealogy for every academic disciplines. However, not all the links recorded in databases of this type are formal advisor-advisee relationships; for instance, the University of Cambridge did not require a formal doctoral thesis until 1919, and academic genealogies that include earlier Cambridge students tend to substitute an equivalent mentor.
Academic genealogies are particularly easy to research in the case of Spain's Doctor degrees, because until 1954 only Complutense University had the power to grant Doctorates. This means that all holders of a Doctor degree in Spain can trace back their academic lineage to a Doctoral supervisor who was a member of Complutense's Faculty.
Academic genealogy may influence research results in areas of active research. Hirshman et al. examined a controversial medical question, the value of maximal surgery for high grade glioma, and demonstrated that a physician's medical academic genealogy can affect his or her findings. Articles written by authors from certain medical academic genealogies were likely to favor (or oppose) maximal surgical treatment for this disease.
- Academic genealogy of chemists
- Academic genealogy of computer scientists
- Mathematics Genealogy Project
- Academic genealogy of theoretical physicists
- Carr, Sarah (August 18, 1999), "Retired Mathematician Develops a Family Tree of the Scholars in His Field", The Chronicle of Higher Education.
- Jackson, Allyn (2007), "A labor of love: the Mathematics Genealogy Project" (PDF), Notices of the American Mathematical Society 54 (8): 1002–1003.
- Hirshman, Brian R (January 4, 2016), "Impact of medical academic genealogy on publication patterns: An analysis of the literature for surgical resection in brain tumor patients", Annals of Neurology
- PhDTree: A project designed to provide a complete academic genealogy for all academics
- The Academic Family Tree: A project combining academic genealogies of 38 (as of August 2015) academic disciplines
- Mathematics genealogy search (includes much of computer science and physics)
- Chemical genealogy
- Scientific genealogy master list (two sections: Scientists Associated with Concepts in Chemistry & Physics; Scientists Associated with Discovering the Elements)
- Software engineering academic genealogy
- Computer engineering academic genealogy
- Science genealogy of American physicists
- The AI Genealogy Project
- Neurotree: The neuroscience family tree
- Linguistree: The linguistics family tree
- Theoretical computer science genealogy
- How to trace your scientific genealogy
- Philosophy Family Tree
- Computer Vision Genealogy Project
- Automatic doctoral advisor genealogy diagram using Wikipedia by Nghia Ho