Academic genealogy of theoretical physicists

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The following is an academic genealogy of theoretical physicists and is constructed by following the pedigree of thesis advisors. If an advisor did not exist, or if the field of physics is unrelated, an academic genealogical link can be constructed by using the university from which the theoretical physicist graduated.

The academic genealogy tree lists the physicists' PhD[1] (or in some cases BA/MA)[2] date and school, if known. Nobel Prize winners are indicated by . If physicists are advised by mathematicians, their genealogy can be readily traced using the Mathematics Genealogy Project.

Founding fathers[edit]

Max Planck[edit]

Albert Einstein[edit]

Arnold Sommerfeld[edit]

Max Born[edit]

Niels Bohr[edit]

Lev Landau[edit]

Hermann von Helmholtz[edit]

Mayflower branches[edit]

Enrico Fermi[edit]

Friedrich Hasenöhrl[edit]

Eugene Wigner[edit]

Hideki Yukawa[edit]

Modern European and other branches[edit]

Ralph H. Fowler[edit]

Abdus Salam[edit]

Léon Van Hove[edit]

Ancient lineages[edit]

The Max Born academic genealogy leads to Carl Friedrich Gauss and then on to Otto Mencke and ultimately to Friedrich Leibniz.

The Sommerfeld genealogy leads to Felix Klein and then to Otto Mencke (via Gauss) and Gottfried Leibniz. The Leibniz heritage, however, is due to the premature death of Klein's advisor, Julius Plücker, which forced a second supervisor for the final examination, namely Rudolf Lipschitz.

Another advisor line in continental Europe descends from Leibniz via—among others—Poisson, Lagrange, the Bernoullis, and Euler. The Leibniz lineage proceeds from Johannes von Gmunden.

The lineage of the two main American branches (the Henry Augustus Rowland branch and the Arthur Gordon Webster branch—see above) proceeds via von Helmholtz from Gerard van Swieten—and his mentor Herman Boerhaave—and ultimately from Jacques Dubois and Jacques Lefèvre d'Étaples.

Otto Mencke[edit]

Erhard Weigel[edit]

Isaac Barrow[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ In most of Europe, all fields (history, philosophy, social sciences, mathematics and natural philosophy/natural sciences) other than theology, law, and medicine (the so-called professional, vocational, or technical curriculum) were traditionally known as philosophy (see Sooyoung Chang, Academic Genealogy of Mathematicians, World Scientific, 2010, p. 183).
  2. ^ Note that there were no PhDs in Germany before the 1650s (when they gradually started substituting the MA as the highest academic degree; arguably one of the oldest German PhDs is Erhard Weigel, 1652—see his academic lineage tree), in France before 1808 (when they gradually started substituting diplomas as the highest academic degree), in Russia before 1819 (when the Doktor Nauk degree, roughly equivalent to the PhD, gradually started substituting the specialist diploma, roughly equivalent to the MA, as the highest academic degree) and in 1917–1934, in the U.S. before 1861 (when they gradually started substituting MAs as the highest academic degree), in the UK before 1917 (when they gradually started substituting the MA as the highest academic degree), and in Italy before 1927 (when they gradually started substituting the Laurea as the highest academic degree); see Doctor of Philosophy and Doktor Nauk: History for further information.
  3. ^ Straus began his early work on relativity with Einstein, but then continued his career with work in pure mathematics. Thus, his advisees were specialized in fields unrelated to theoretical physics.
  4. ^ "Professor Ron Shaw, BA, PhD, ScD(Cantab)". The University of Hull. Retrieved 2009-05-04. 
  5. ^ a b c "Mathematics Genealogy Project - Roman Jackiw". North Dakota State University. Retrieved 2009-05-04. 
  6. ^ a b "Mathematics Genealogy Project - Rudolf Peierls". North Dakota State University. Retrieved 2009-05-04. 
  7. ^ "Nuclear Science Symposium to Honor Swiatecki". Berkeley Lab Communications Dept., Creative Services Office. 
  8. ^ Kapusta (2008). "Accelerator Disaster Scenarios, the Unabomber, and Scientific Risks". arXiv:0804.4806free to read [physics.hist-ph]. 
  9. ^ "Heinz Bilz" (in German). Johann Wolfgang Goethe University Frankfurt. 2007-11-13. Archived from the original on 2007-11-13. Retrieved 2009-05-04. 
  10. ^ a b "Mathematics Genealogy Project - David Joseph Bohm". North Dakota State University. Retrieved 2009-05-04. 
  11. ^ "Mathematics Genealogy Project - Viktor Frederick Weisskopf". North Dakota State University. Retrieved 2009-05-04. 
  12. ^ a b c d "Mathematics Genealogy Project - Murray Gell-Mann". North Dakota State University. Retrieved 2009-05-04. 
  13. ^ "Mathematics Genealogy Project - Kenneth Geddes Wilson". North Dakota State University. Retrieved 2009-05-05. 
  14. ^ "David J. Griffiths". Reed College. Retrieved 2009-05-04. 
  15. ^ a b c "Mathematics Genealogy Project - Sidney Richard Coleman". North Dakota State University. Retrieved 2009-05-04. 
  16. ^ Landau Lev biography - MacTutor History of Mathematics
  17. ^ "As a student, Landau dared to correct Einstein in a lecture". Global Talent News. Retrieved 2012-02-02. 
  18. ^ David Cahan, M. Eugene Rudd, Science at the American Frontier: A Biography of DeWitt Bristol Brace, University of Nebraska Press, 2000, p. 22.
  19. ^ Jed Z. Buchwald, The Creation of Scientific Effects: Heinrich Hertz and Electric Waves, University of Chicago Press, 1994, p. 354.
  20. ^ David Cahan, Hermann von Helmholtz and the Foundations of Nineteenth-century Science, University of California Press, 1993, p, 397.
  21. ^ a b c d e f Andraos, John (2002). "Rowland Tree" (PDF). Retrieved 2009-05-05. 
  22. ^ a b "Charles W. Myles: Academic "Family Tree"". Texas Tech University. 2002-12-02. Archived from the original on 22 April 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-05. 
  23. ^ a b c d e "Mathematics Genealogy Project - Julian Seymour Schwinger". North Dakota State. Retrieved 2009-05-05. 
  24. ^ "Mathematics Genealogy Project - Charles Michael Sommerfield". North Dakota State. Retrieved 2009-05-05. 
  25. ^ "Mathematics Genealogy Project - Lowell S. Brown". North Dakota State. Retrieved 2014-08-22. 
  26. ^ "Mahanthappa, Kalyana T.". SLAC - Stanford University. Retrieved 2009-05-05. 
  27. ^ "Norman J.M. Horing - Professor". Stevens Institute of Technology. Retrieved 2009-05-05. 
  28. ^ Max Jammer, "Fritz Rohrlich and his Work", Found. Phys. 24, 209 (1994).
  29. ^ a b c d "Mathematics Genealogy Project - Enrico Fermi". North Dakota State University. Retrieved 2009-05-05. 
  30. ^ a b c d Andraos, John (2002). "Fermi Tree" (PDF). Retrieved 2009-05-05. 
  31. ^ "Frank Wilczek, Herman Feshbach Professor of Physics; 2004 Nobel Laureate". Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Retrieved 2009-05-05. 
  32. ^ a b c d "Mathematics Genealogy Project - Sam Treiman". North Dakota State University. Retrieved 2009-05-05. 
  33. ^ "Claude Bernard". Washington University Physics Faculty. 
  34. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Mathematics Genealogy Project - Abdus Salam". North Dakota State University. Retrieved 2009-05-05. 
  35. ^ a b c d Renardy, Michael. "Comments and explanations". Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. Retrieved 2009-05-05. 
  36. ^ Andrew Warwick, Masters of Theory: Cambridge and the Rise of Mathematical Physics, University of Chicago Press, 2003, p. 325.

External links[edit]