Academic grading in Australia

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This article is a summary of academic grading in Australia.

Tertiary institutions[edit]

Australian universities issue results for each subject, based on the following gradings:

 % ACU,[1] ACS,[2] Adelaide,[3] Bond, Canberra,[4] CDU,[5] CQU,[6] CSU,
UDivinity, Flinders,[7] JCU,[8] MQ,[9] Newcastle,[10] QUT,[11] SCU, UNE, UNSW,[12]
Sydney,[13][14] Torrens,[15] UOW,[16] USC,[17] UTS,[18] UWS,[19] ACAP[20]
ANU,[21] Curtin,[22] Deakin,[23] ECU,[24] Monash,[25] Murdoch,[26]
RMIT,[27] UTAS,[28] Swinburne,[29] UWA,[30] VU[31]
FedUni[32] USQ[33] La Trobe[34] Melbourne[35] UniSA[36] UQ identify specific grades in some courses [37][38]
100 High Distinction (HD) High Distinction (HD) High Distinction (HD) High Distinction (HD) A First Class Honours (H1) High Distinction (HD) 7
99-95
94-90
89-85
84-80 Distinction (D) A Distinction (D) 6
79-75 Distinction (D) Distinction (D) B Second Class Honours Div A (H2A)
74-70 Credit (C) B Second Class Honours Div B (H2B) Credit (C) 5
69-65 Credit (C) Credit (C) C Third Class Honours (H3)
64-60 Pass (P) C Pass (P) Pass 1 (P1) 4
59-55 Pass (P) Pass (P) D
54-50 Pass 2 (P2)
49-40 Fail (N) Fail (N) Marginal Fail (MF) Fail (F, FNP, FNS, FNC or FLW) Fail (N) Fail (N) Fail 1 (F1) 1, 2, 3
< 40 Fail (F) Fail 2 (F2)

Note that the numbers above do not correspond to a percentile, but are notionally a percentage of the maximum raw marks available. Various tertiary institutions in Australia have policies on the allocations for each grade and scaling may occur to meet these policies. These policies may vary also according to the degree year (higher percentages for later years), but generally, only 2–5% of students who pass (that is, who achieve raw marks of 50 or more) may be awarded a High Distinction grade, and 50% or more of passing students are awarded a basic Pass grade. Raw marks for students who fail are not scaled and do not increase the allocations of higher grades. Some universities also have a Pass Conceded (PC) grade for marks that fall in the range of 45–49 inclusive.

A few universities do not issue numeric grades out of 100 for individual subjects, instead relying on qualitative descriptors. Griffith University and The University of Queensland issue results of High Distinction, Distinction, Credit, Pass, and Fail,[39][40] while University of Notre Dame uses the scheme A, A–, B+, B, B–, C+, C, C–, D, and F.[41]

Grade point average[edit]

Grade point averages are not generally used in Australia below a tertiary level. At universities, they are calculated according to a more complicated formula than in some other nations:

Where grade points are as follows:

Grade CSU[42] UTAS[43] USQ[33] Monash[44] Macquarie[45] SUT[46] Bond[47]

Murdoch[48]
RMIT[49]

CQU
Flinders[50]
Newcastle[51]
SCU[52]
ANU
Charles Darwin[53]
UWS
JCU
QUT[54]
UQ[55]
Griffith[56]
ACU[1] UTS[57] UWA[58] Adelaide[59] UniSA[60]
High Distinction
7
7
4
4
4
4
7
7
7
4
7
7
7
Distinction
6
6
3
4
3
3
6
6
6
3.5
6
6
6
Credit
5
5
2
3
2
2
5
5
5
2.5
5
5
5
Pass
4
4
1
2
1
1
4
4
4
1.5
4
4
4.5 (P1) / 4 (P2)
Conceded Pass / Near Pass / Fail Level 1
3
3
0.7
1
0.5
0
n/a
3
3
0.5
4
3
3.5 (Supp.) / 3 (Conc.)
Fail
0
1.5
0.3
0
0
0
0
2
1
0.5
0
1.5
1.5 (F1 / F) / 1 (F2)
Withdrawn Fail
0
1.5
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
0
0
0
1.5

A conceded pass is a pass for a course that has been awarded only after supplementary assessment has been undertaken by the student.

Where a course result is a Non-Graded Pass, the result will only be included if the GPA is less than 4, and will be assigned the grade point of 4, otherwise NGP results will be disregarded. The term course unit values is used to distinguish between courses which have different weightings, for example between a full year course and a single semester course.

Some other universities, such as the University of New South Wales, University of Sydney, and University of Wollongong[61] use a Weighted Average Mark (WAM) for the same purpose as a GPA. The WAM is based on the raw percentage grades, or marks, achieved by the student, rather than grade points such as High Distinction or Distinction.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Assessment and Grades". Australian Catholic University. Retrieved 1 March 2009. 
  2. ^ "Computer Professional Education Program: Subject Grading". Australian Computer Society. Retrieved 30 June 2011. 
  3. ^ "Results". Adelaide University. Retrieved 1 March 2009. 
  4. ^ "Grading Scheme". University of Canberra. Archived from the original on 15 February 2009. Retrieved 1 March 2009. 
  5. ^ "Grading Policy" (PDF). Charles Darwin University. Retrieved 6 February 2013. 
  6. ^ "Grading and Results Policy". CQ University. Retrieved 1 March 2009. 
  7. ^ "Assessment Policies and Procedures". Flinders University. Retrieved 1 March 2009. 
  8. ^ "Assessment Policies and Procedures". JCU. Retrieved 7 May 2016. 
  9. ^ "Grading Policy – Policy Central". Macquarie University. Retrieved 8 June 2013. 
  10. ^ "Grades". Newcastle University. Retrieved 1 March 2009. 
  11. ^ "QUT grading scale". Queensland University of Technology. Archived from the original on 23 July 2010. Retrieved 19 July 2010. 
  12. ^ "Explanation of UNSW Grades". UNSW. Retrieved 1 March 2010. 
  13. ^ "Grades". University of Sydney. 
  14. ^ "University of Sydney Academic Board Resolutions: Assessment and Examination of Coursework" Approved by the Academic Board 2000-12-13, link verified 5 July 2008
  15. ^ "A24.0 Grading Scheme" (PDF). Torrens University. Retrieved 11 January 2016. 
  16. ^ "Legend of Grades". University of Wollongong. Archived from the original on 28 February 2009. Retrieved 1 March 2009. 
  17. ^ "Grades and Grade Point Average (GPA) - Academic Policy". University of the Sunshine Coast. Retrieved 2016-01-11. 
  18. ^ "Grading Schema". UTS. Archived from the original on 3 March 2009. Retrieved 1 March 2009. 
  19. ^ "Grades". UWS. Retrieved 1 March 2009. [dead link]
  20. ^ http://www.acap.edu.au/current-students/managing-my-course/student-handbook/new-two-column-page/
  21. ^ "ANU – Results – Student Administration Services (SAS)". Australian National University. Retrieved 25 July 2010. 
  22. ^ "Grading". Curtin University. Archived from the original on 26 February 2009. Retrieved 1 March 2009. 
  23. ^ "Results Key". Deakin University. Retrieved 17 May 2013. 
  24. ^ "Grading Schema". Edith Cowan University. Archived from the original on 19 February 2009. Retrieved 1 March 2009. [dead link]
  25. ^ "Results legend". Monash University. Retrieved 3 February 2013. 
  26. ^ "Assessment Policy". Murdoch University. Retrieved 1 March 2009. [dead link]
  27. ^ "Higher Education Grading". RMIT University. Retrieved 1 March 2009. 
  28. ^ "Legend of Results" (PDF). University of Tasmania. Retrieved 1 March 2009. 
  29. ^ "Grade Point Average". Swinburne University of Technology. Retrieved 4 December 2014. 
  30. ^ "Grades and marks". University of Western Australia. Retrieved 15 May 2011. 
  31. ^ "Academic Result Codes". Victoria University. Archived from the original on 11 January 2016. Retrieved 11 January 2016. 
  32. ^ "Grade Point Average (GPA)". Federation University Australia. Retrieved 2016-01-11. 
  33. ^ a b "Grading" (PDF). University of Southern Queensland. Retrieved 26 November 2010. 
  34. ^ "La Trobe University Higher Education Assessment Grades" (PDF). La Trobe University. Retrieved 3 February 2013. 
  35. ^ "Explanation of academic results". University of Melbourne. Retrieved 3 February 2013. 
  36. ^ "How is a grade point average (GPA) calculated?". University of South Australia. Archived from the original on 21 May 2011. Retrieved 5 June 2011. 
  37. ^ "University of Queensland CIVL3340 Course Profile Grading System". University of Queensland. 
  38. ^ "University of Queensland LAWS5228 Course Profile Grading System". University of Queensland. 
  39. ^ "Grades". James Cook University. Retrieved 11 January 2016. 
  40. ^ The University of Queensland (2015). "[1]". Accessed on 22 March 2016.
  41. ^ "Grading Systems at the University of Notre Dame" (PDF). University of Notre Dame. Retrieved 11 January 2016. 
  42. ^ "Calculating your Grade Point Average" Link verified 5 November 2012
  43. ^ "Results" Retrieved 18 January 2015
  44. ^ "Grade Point Average and Weighted Average Mark" Link verified 29 August 2007
  45. ^ "Calculating Your Grade Point Average"
  46. ^ [2]
  47. ^ http://www.bond.edu.au/degrees-and-courses/study-abroad-student-exchange/study-abroad/grading-scale/index.htm
  48. ^ https://www.murdoch.edu.au/students/myinfo/GPA.html
  49. ^ http://www.rmit.edu.au/students/gradingbasis/gpa
  50. ^ [3]
  51. ^ "Grade Point Average (GPA) Calculation Guideline". University of Newcastle. Retrieved 6 July 2012. 
  52. ^ "Coursework Awards – Grade Point Average" Link verified 5 November 2012
  53. ^ Charles Darwin University Grading Policy(2013)
  54. ^ "QUT grading system" Retrieved 19 July 2010
  55. ^ "Explanation of grades" Retrieved 8 March 2012
  56. ^ "Calculation of Grade Point Average Policy" (PDF). Griffith University. Retrieved 29 July 2016. 
  57. ^ "Calculating grade point average" Retrieved 29 July 2010
  58. ^ "[4]" Link verified 18 July 2011
  59. ^ "Grade Point Average". University of Adelaide. Retrieved 10 July 2012. 
  60. ^ "How is a grade point average (GPA) calculated?". University of South Australia. Retrieved 27 December 2012. 
  61. ^ University of Wollongong (2008). 2008 Course Handbook: Assessment. Accessed on 24 December 2008.