Academic grading in Indonesia

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In Indonesia, a grade point scale is used. Before the adoption of Kurikulum Berbasis Kompetensi (Competency-Based Curriculum) in 2004, the grading scale used was:

  • 10: Exceptional (highest grade; rarely given)
  • 9: Outstanding (highest common grade)
  • 8: Very good
  • 7: Good
  • 6: Pass (lowest passing grade in general)
  • 5: Highest failing grade for certain subjects (such as Religious Education, Mother Tongue/Indonesian Language, and Moral Education)
  • 4: Passing grade in some subjects, a failing grade in others
  • 3: Highest failing grade in general
  • 2: Failing grade
  • 1: Failing grade (lowest possible grade)

After Minister of Education approved the use of Competency Based Curriculum in Indonesia, the grade point range was changed to a 0-100 scale. However, the passing score differs between one subject and another.

  • 100: Highest point (rarely given)
  • 99-75: Passing score in all subjects (above average)
  • 55-74: Pass or fail grades differ between subjects. Some subjects use a score within this range as a passing score. For example, subject A requires a student to get more than 69 to pass while some subjects require students to have at least 56 (more than 55) to pass.
  • <54: Student is considered failed and must take a remedial exam. The highest score obtainable in the remedial exam shall not exceed the lowest passing grade.

A student is to repeat a year if he or she earns a failing grade in any core subject (Mathematics, Indonesian Language, Religious Education and some other subjects assigned by the student's stream) or if the student fails in more than two non-core subjects.

Grading systems for universities are different. Grades are usually assigned in letters, following four-point system. Generally, Indonesian universities equate A with numerical value of 4.0 and E with 0.0. Some universities also employs intermediate grades such as A- and B+. This following list describes customary grade boundaries:

Range Grade Letter Grade Point Notes
100 A 4
91.75 A- 3.67
83.25 B+ 3.33
75 B 3
66.75 B- 2.67
58.25 C+ 2.33
50 C 2
41.75 C- 1.67
33.25 D+ 1.33
25 D 1
16.75 D- 0.67
8.25 E+ 0.33
0 E 0

The lowest passing grade in an exam is usually D or 1 point and to be considered for graduation students must obtain a minimum cumulative GPA of 2.00. However, it should be noted that universities are free to (and hence, might) adopt different grading systems or standards at will. Some examples are the Tenth of November Institute of Technology, Airlangga University and Bandung Institute of Technology which, since 2009, began to use half-grades AB (3.50), BC (2.50) and CD (1.50).

Range Grade Letter Grade Point Notes
85-100 A 4 Very good
75-84 B 3 Good
60-74 C 2 Fair
50-59 D 1 Bad
0-49 E 0 Fail
K Lack of requirements
T Unavailable
Latin Honors Grade Point
Summa Cum Laude 3.90-4.00
Magna Cum Laude 3.76-3.89
Cum Laude 3.50-3.75