Academic grading in South Africa
Format: Code [x] ([Symbol]): [y]% - [z]%
- Code 7 (A+): 80% - 100%
- Code 6 (A): 70% - 79%
- Code 5 (B): 60 %- 69%
- Code 4 (C): 50% - 59%
- Code 3 (D): 40% - 49%
- Code 2 (E): 30% - 39%
- Code 1 (F): 0% - 29%
The OBE system, when in its experimental stages, originally used a scale from 1 - 4 (a pass being a 3 and a '1st class pass' being above 70%), but this system was considered far too coarse and replaced by a scale from 1 to 7.
For the final standard exams, a 'normal pass' is given for an average mark 50%-59%, and a distinction is given for an average of 80% or more.
Most universities follow a model based on the British system. Thus, at the University of Cape Town and the University of South Africa (UNISA), the percentages are calibrated as follows: a 1st class pass is given for 75% and above, a second (division one) for 70 - 74%, a second (division two) for 60%-69%, and a third for 50 - 59%. Any lower than 40% is a fail. The University of the Witwatersrand considers an A to be 75% and above.