In the Czech Republic, primary and secondary schools use a 5-point grade system, with 1 as the best and 5 as the worst. They correspond to the following ratings: 1 = výborně (excellent), 2 = chvalitebně (commendable), 3 = dobře (good), 4 = dostatečně (sufficient), and 5 = nedostatečně (insufficient). Only whole numbers appear on report cards, but tests or oral exams are often marked with additional distinctive signs: 3+ is slightly better than 3, 2− is slightly lower than 2, 1-2 or 1/2 means halfway between 1 and 2, and 1* means exceptionally excellent.
Universities used a 4-point grade system in the past, in which 1 is the highest and 4 indicates failing. Some universities also use the textual form of the grades in addition to the numerical form: 1 = výborně (excellent), 2 = velmi dobře (very good), 3 = dobře (good), 4 = neprospěl (fail). Currently in most Czech Universities the ECTS system has been adopted and the grades are A to F. It maps to the previous classification in the following way:
4+, or 50 - 59 points, may enable the students retake an exam to try and get above the 60 points cutoff. If the student fails to do so, it gets changed to 4 (fail) automatically at the end of the semester. First day of the next semester the grades from each subject (where points were inserted into the system) also get converted to the ECTS scale for international use like this:
Portion of students
q10 - top 10 % successful students
q35 - next 25 % successful students
q65 - next 30 % successful students
q90 - next 25 % successful students
q100 - last 10% successful students
students graded 4 (fail)
Private high schools or Gymnasiums may use different academic grading. A 10-point grading scale consisting of 1 (A), 2 (A-), 3 (B+) ... 10 (D) has been used in some private schools in the Czech Republic.