Academic grading in the Philippines

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Tertiary schools in the Philippines have different grading systems. Most universities and colleges, particularly those established by the government, follow the grade point system scale of 5.00 to 1.00, in which 1.00 is the highest possible grade and 5.00 is the lowest possible grade.

Some universities may follow the 1.00 – 4.00 grading system, which is patterned after the U.S. grading system. This system uses the 4.00 grade point equivalence as the highest grade, while 1.00 grade point equivalence is considered the lowest possible grade. 0.00 grade point equivalence is considered a failing mark.

GWA, or general weighted average, is a representation (often numerical) of the overall scholastic standing of students used for evaluation. GWA is based on the grades in all subjects taken at a particular level including subjects taken outside of the curriculum. Representation of the subjects taken only in a specific curriculum is called CWA, or curriculum weighted average.[1][2]

Percentage Equivalent (65–99)[edit]

University Of Baguio Grading Point System
Grade in Percentage Equivalent Letter Grade *  % Number Equivalent*

Grade point scale[edit]

Far Eastern University Grade Point System
(Effective since A.Y. 2013)[3]
Written Grade Grade Point Equivalence Equivalence Description
A 4.00 95 – 100% Excellent
B+ 3.50 89 – 94% Very Good
B 3.00 83 – 88% Very Good
C+ 2.50 77 – 82% Good
C 2.00 71 – 76% Satisfactory
D+ 1.50 65 - 70% Satisfactory
D 1.00 60 – 64% Passed
F 0.00 Below 59% Failed
AW 0% Authorized Withdrawal
National University-Manila Grade Point System
[4]
Grade Point Equivalence Equivalence Description
4.00 96 – 100% Excellent
3.50 91 – 95% Very Good
3.00 87 – 90% Good
2.50 84 – 86% Above Satisfactory
2.00 81 – 83% Satisfactory
1.50 78 - 80% Fair
1.00 75 – 77% Passed
0.00 Failure Failed
R Repeat Repeat/Failed
DR Officially Dropped Officially Dropped
W Unofficially Dropped Unofficially Dropped
INC Incomplete Incomplete
Silliman University Grade Point System
(Effective since June 1992)
Numerical Grade Point Equivalent Percentage Description
4.0, 3.9, 3.8 97 – 100% Excellent
3.7, 3.6, 3.5, 3.4 3.3 93 – 96% Superior
3.2, 3.9, 3.0, 2.9, 2.8 89 – 92% Good
2.7, 2.6, 2.5, 2.4, 2.3 85 – 88% Above Average
2.2, 2.1, 2.0, 1.9, 1.8 81 – 84% Average
1.7, 1.6, 1.5, 1.4, 1.3 77 – 80% Below Average
1.2, 1.1, 1.0 73 – 76% Passing
0.0 72 and below Failure
Adventist University of the Philippines, De La Salle University, De La Salle-College of Saint Benilde, De La Salle University-Dasmariñas, De La Salle Health Sciences Institute & FEU Institute of Technology Grade Point System
Grade Point Equivalence Description Equivalence
4.00 Excellent 97% – 100%
3.50 Superior 93% – 96%
3.00 Very Good 89% – 92%
2.50 Good 85% – 88%
2.00 Satisfactory 80% – 84%
1.50 Fair 75% – 79%
1.00 Pass 70% – 74%
0.00 Fail Below 70%
De La Salle University-Manila, De La Salle University-Dasmariñas, De La Salle Health Sciences Institute and De La Salle-College of Saint Benilde Latin Honors
Latin Honors Grade Point Equivalence Range
Summa Cum Laude 3.800 – 4.000
Magna Cum Laude 3.600 – 3.799
Cum Laude 3.400 – 3.599

Other universities, such as the Ateneo de Manila University and its sister schools, use the letter grade system with varied grade equivalence range.

University of Santo Tomas, and Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila Latin Honors.
Latin Honors Grade Point Equivalence Range
Summa Cum Laude 1.00 – 1.20
Magna Cum Laude >1.21 – 1.45
Cum Laude >1.45 – 1.75
University of Santo Tomas Grade Point System
Grade Point Equivalence Equivalence Description
1.00 96% – 100% Excellent
1.25 94% – <95% Very Good
1.50 92% – <93% Very Good
1.75 89% – <91% Good
2.00 87% – <88% Good
2.25 84% – <86% Good
2.50 82% – <83% Fair
2.75 79% – <81% Fair
3.00 75% – <78% Pass
5.00 Below 75% Failure
INC Incomplete
FA Failure due to Absences
WP Withdrew with Permission
WF Withdrew without Permission (Failure)
University of Santo Tomas Faculty of Civil Law and Faculty of Medicine and Surgery Latin Honors
Latin Honors Grade Point Equivalence Range Equivalence
Summa Cum Laude 1.00 – 1.50 92% and above
Magna Cum Laude 1.51 – 1.85 88.5% to 91.9%
Cum Laude 1.86 – 2.10 86% to 88.4%

Prerequisite for UST's Latin Honors or Dean's Lister distinction are the following: QPI should be at least 86%, no grade below 80% for any subject in the given semester, and the student should obtain a good moral character.

Letter grade system[edit]

Ateneo de Davao University Letter Grade System
Quality Point Equivalence Letter Grade Equivalence  % Equivalence
4.0 A 92% – 100%
3.5 B+ 88% – 91%
3.0 B 84% – 87%
2.5 C+ 80% – 83%
2.0 C 76% – 79%
1.0 D 72% – 75%
0.0 F 71% and lower
Ateneo de Manila University Letter Grade System
Grade Point Equivalence Letter Grade Equivalence  % Equivalence
4.0 A 92% – 100%
3.5 B+ 87% – 91%
3.0 B 83% – 86%
2.5 C+ 79% – 82%
2.0 C 75% – 78%
1.0 D 70% – 74%
0.0 F below 70%

Most academic departments in the university follow a grading system with the 70% passing grade. Some departments, such as the Department of Finance and Accounting and departments from the Ateneo School of Science and Engineering follow a 50% or 60% passing grade.

Ateneo de Manila University Latin Honors
Latin Honors Grade Point Equivalence Range
Summa Cum Laude 3.87 – 4.00
Magna Cum Laude 3.70 – 3.86
Cum Laude 3.50 – 3.69

More importantly, Philippine universities do not have standard grade equivalence. Different universities have varied equivalence range, while passing grades are subject to imposed academic quality of an institution.

International School Manila Letter Grade System
Grade Point Equivalence Letter Grade Equivalence  % Equivalence
4.0 A 94% – 100%
3.7 A− 90% – 93%
3.3 B+ 87% – 89%
3.0 B 83% – 86%
2.7 B− 80% – 82%
2.3 C+ 77% – 79%
2.0 C 73% – 76%
1.7 C− 70% – 72%
1.3 D+ 67% – 69%
1.0 D 63% – 66%
0.7 D− 60% – 62%
0.0 F below 60%

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ - Learning Styles in the University of the Philippines College of Medicine[permanent dead link]. Accessed February 14, 2009.
  2. ^ http://ovcaa.upd.edu.ph/UPD_FACULTY_MANUAL_2003.pdf
  3. ^ http://www.feu.edu.ph/manila/index.php/system-of-grading/
  4. ^ http://www.national-u.edu.ph/