Tertiary schools in the Philippines have different grading systems. Most universities and colleges, particularly those established by the government, follow the grade point system scale of 5.00 to 1.00, in which 1.00 is the highest possible grade and 5.00 is the lowest possible grade.
Some universities may follow the 1.00 – 4.00 grading system, which is patterned after the U.S. grading system. This system uses the 4.00 grade point equivalence as the highest grade, while 1.00 grade point equivalence is considered the lowest possible grade. 0.00 grade point equivalence is considered a failing mark.
GWA (general weighted average) is a representation (often numerical) of the overall scholastic standing of students used for evaluation. GWA is based on the grades in all subjects taken at a particular level including subjects taken outside of the curriculum. Representation of the subjects taken only in a specific curriculum is called CWA, or curriculum weighted average.
Prerequisite for UST's Latin Honors or Dean's Lister distinction are the following: QPI should be at least 86%, no grade below 80% for any subject in the given semester, and the student should obtain a good moral character.
Most academic departments in the university follow a grading system with the 70% passing grade. Some departments, such as the Department of Finance and Accounting and departments from the Ateneo School of Science and Engineering follow a 50% or 60% passing grade.
Ateneo de Manila University Latin Honors
Grade Point Equivalence Range
Summa Cum Laude
3.87 – 4.00
Magna Cum Laude
3.70 – 3.86
3.50 – 3.69
More importantly, Philippine universities do not have standard grade equivalence. Different universities have varied equivalence range, while passing grades are subject to imposed academic quality of an institution.