Academy Award for Best Director

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Academy Award for Best Director
Awarded for "Excellence in cinematic direction achievement"
Country United States
Presented by AMPAS
First awarded 1929 (for direction in films released during the 1927/1928 film season)
Currently held by Alejandro G. Iñárritu,
Birdman or (The Unexpected Virtue of Ignorance) (2014)
Official website oscars.org

The Academy Award for Best Director (officially known as the Academy Award for Best Directing) is an award presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). It is given in honor of a film director who has exhibited outstanding directing while working in the film industry. The 1st Academy Awards were held in 1929 with the award being split into Dramatic and Comedy categories; Frank Borzage and Lewis Milestone won for Seventh Heaven and Two Arabian Knights, respectively.[1] However, these categories were merged for all subsequent ceremonies.[2] Currently, nominees are determined by single transferable vote within the directors branch of AMPAS; winners are selected by a plurality vote from the entire eligible voting members of the Academy.

For the first eleven years of the Academy Awards, directors were allowed to be nominated for multiple films in the same year. However, after the nomination of Michael Curtiz for two films, Angels with Dirty Faces and Four Daughters, at the 11th Academy Awards, the rules were revised so that an individual could only be nominated for one film at each ceremony.[3] That rule has since been amended, although the only director who has received multiple nominations in the same year was Stephen Soderbergh for Traffic and Erin Brockovich in 2000, winning the Oscar for the former. The Academy Awards for Best Directing and Best Picture have been very closely linked throughout their history. Of the 87 films that have been awarded Best Picture, 63 have also been awarded Best Directing.[4] Since its inception, the award has been given to 69 directors or directing teams. John Ford has received the most awards in this category with four Oscars. William Wyler was nominated on twelve occasions, more than any other individual. As of the 2015 ceremony, Alejandro G. Iñárritu is the most recent winner in this category for his work on Birdman.

Winners and nominees[edit]

In the following table, the years are listed as per Academy convention, and generally correspond to the year of film release in Los Angeles County; the ceremonies are always held the following year.[5] For the first five ceremonies, the eligibility period spanned twelve months from August 1 to July 31.[6] For the 6th ceremony held in 1934, the eligibility period lasted from August 1, 1932 to December 31, 1933.[6] Since the 7th ceremony held in 1935, the period of eligibility became the full previous calendar year from January 1 to December 31.[6]

Table key
Award winner Indicates the winner
Black-and-white photo of Frank Borzage, 1920.
Frank Borzage won in the "Dramatic" category at the first ceremony.
Black-and-white publicity photo of Lewis Milestone.
Lewis Milestone won in the "Comedy" category at the first ceremony and later received a second award for All Quiet on the Western Front.
Black-and-white photograph of John Ford smoking a pipe.
John Ford has the most Best Directing wins with four, winning in 1935, 1940, 1941, and 1952.
Black-and-white photograph of Gloria Swanson and Billy Wilder while filming Sunset Boulevard.
Billy Wilder (right) was nominated eight times, winning twice.
File of Elia Kazan as a younger adult.
Elia Kazan won in 1948 for Gentleman's Agreement and again for On the Waterfront.
Publicity photo of John Huston in the 1974 film Chinatown.
John Huston received the award in 1948 for The Treasure of the Sierra Madre.
George Stevens holding his Oscar for Giant.
George Stevens won twice, five years apart, for A Place in the Sun and Giant.
David Lean in Finland while filming Doctor Zhivago.
David Lean won for Bridge on the River Kwai and Lawrence of Arabia and was nominated for five other films.
Robert Wise in 1990.
Robert Wise earned two awards in this category, co-winning for West Side Story and winning for The Sound of Music.
George Cukor in 1973.
George Cukor won in 1964 for My Fair Lady.
Photo of Mike Nichols and Elaine May.
Mike Nichols (right) won for 1967's The Graduate.
Bob Fosse and Viveca Lindfors in 1963.
Bob Fosse (left) won for his direction of Cabaret in 1972.
Miloš Forman at the 44th Karlovy Vary International Film Festival.
Miloš Forman won for both 1975's One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest and 1984's Amadeus.
Woody Allen in the early 1970s.
Woody Allen received seven nominations in the category, winning only once (for Annie Hall).
Warren Beatty in a publicity photo for Shampoo in 1975.
Warren Beatty won in 1981 for directing Reds.
Richard Attenborough in 1975.
Richard Attenborough won in 1982 for his epic biopic, Gandhi.
James L. Brooks at the premiere of The Simpsons Movie in 2007.
James L. Brooks won for his 1983 film Terms of Endearment.
Oliver Stone at the Subversive Film Festival in 2013.
Oliver Stone earned two awards in this category in the 1980s—one for Platoon (1986), and the other for Born on the Fourth of July (1989).
Bernardo Bertolucci in February 2011.
Bernardo Bertolucci won as director of The Last Emperor in 1987.
Kevin Costner attending the Toronto International Film Festival in 2014.
Kevin Costner earned the award in 1990 for directing Dances with Wolves.
Clint Eastwood at the 2010 Toronto International Film Festival.
Clint Eastwood won in 1992 for Unforgiven and became the oldest director to win in the category with Million Dollar Baby in 2004.
Robert Zemeckis at the 28th Tokyo Film Festival.
Robert Zemeckis won for his direction of Forrest Gump (1994).
James Cameron in 2010.
James Cameron received the award for Titanic.
Sam Mendes at the premiere of the musical of Charlie and the Chocolate Factory.
Sam Mendes won in 1999 for American Beauty.
Ron Howard in 2011.
Ron Howard, 2001 winner for A Beautiful Mind.
Roman Polanski at the 2013 Cannes Film Festival.
Roman Polanski won in 2002 for his direction of The Pianist.
Ang Lee at the 66th Venice Film Festival.
Ang Lee has won twice in this category—in 2005 for Brokeback Mountain and in 2012 for Life of Pi.
Martin Scorsese at Cannes in 2010.
Martin Scorsese has received eight nominations for Best Directing, but has only won for The Departed in 2006.
Kathryn Bigelow at the 82nd Academy Awards
Kathryn Bigelow is the first and only woman to date to win the award. She won for The Hurt Locker in 2009.
Michel Hazanavicius at the 2015 Cannes Film Festival
Michel Hazanavicius became the first French director to win the award for his work on The Artist.
Alfonso Cuarón in 2013.
In 2013, Alfonso Cuarón became the first Mexican director to win the award for his work on Gravity.
Alejandro González Iñárritu in 2014 in Los Angeles, California.
Alejandro G. Iñárritu won in 2014 for directing Birdman.
Year Director(s) Film Ref.
1927/28
(1st)
Frank Borzage (Dramatic)Award winner 7th Heaven [7]
Herbert Brenon Sorrell and Son
King Vidor The Crowd
Lewis Milestone (Comedy)Award winner Two Arabian Knights
Ted Wilde Speedy
1928/1929
(2nd)
Frank LloydAward winner The Divine Lady [8]
Lionel Barrymore Madame X
Harry Beaumont The Broadway Melody
Irving Cummings In Old Arizona
Frank Lloyd Drag
Weary River
Ernst Lubitsch The Patriot
1929/1930
(3rd)
Lewis MilestoneAward winner All Quiet on the Western Front [9]
Clarence Brown Anna Christie
Romance
Robert Z. Leonard The Divorcee
Ernst Lubitsch The Love Parade
King Vidor Hallelujah
1930/1931
(4th)
Norman TaurogAward winner Skippy [10]
Clarence Brown A Free Soul
Lewis Milestone The Front Page
Wesley Ruggles Cimmaron
Josef von Sternberg Morocco
1931/1932
(5th)
Frank BorzageAward winner Bad Girl [11]
King Vidor The Champ
Josef von Sternberg Shanghai Express
1932/1933
(6th)
Frank LloydAward winner Cavalcade [12]
Frank Capra Lady for a Day
George Cukor Little Women
1934
(7th)
Frank CapraAward winner It Happened One Night [13]
Victor Schertzinger One Night of Love
W. S. Van Dyke The Thin Man
1935
(8th)
John FordAward winner The Informer [14]
Henry Hathaway The Lives of a Bengal Lancer
Frank Lloyd Mutiny on the Bounty
1936
(9th)
Frank CapraAward winner Mr. Deeds Goes to Town [15]
Gregory La Cava My Man Godfrey
Robert Z. Leonard The Great Ziegfeld
W. S. Van Dyke San Francisco
William Wyler Dodsworth
1937
(10th)
Leo McCarey The Awful Truth [16]
William Dieterle The Life of Émile Zola
Sidney Franklin The Good Earth
Gregory La Cava Stage Door
William A. Wellman A Star Is Born
1938
(11th)
Frank CapraAward winner You Can't Take It with You [17]
Michael Curtiz Angels with Dirty Faces
Four Daughters
Norman Taurog Boys Town
King Vidor The Citadel
1939
(12th)
Victor FlemingAward winner Gone with the Wind [18]
Frank Capra Mr. Smith Goes to Washington
John Ford Stagecoach
Sam Wood Goodbye, Mr. Chips
William Wyler Wuthering Heights
1940
(13th)
John FordAward winner The Grapes of Wrath [19]
George Cukor The Philadelphia Story
Alfred Hitchcock Rebecca
Sam Wood Kitty Foyle
William Wyler The Letter
1941
(14th)
John FordAward winner How Green Was My Valley [20]
Alexander Hall Here Comes Mr. Jordan
Howard Hawks Sergeant York
Orson Welles Citizen Kane
William Wyler The Little Foxes
1942
(15th)
William WylerAward winner Mrs. Miniver [21]
Michael Curtiz Yankee Doodle Dandy
John Farrow Wake Island
Mervyn LeRoy Random Harvest
Sam Wood Kings Row
1943
(16th)
Michael CurtizAward winner Casablanca [22]
Clarence Brown The Human Comedy
Henry King The Song of Bernadette
Ernst Lubitsch Heaven Can Wait
George Stevens The More the Merrier
1944
(17th)
Leo McCareyAward winner Going My Way [23]
Alfred Hitchcock Lifeboat
Henry King Wilson
Otto Preminger Laura
Billy Wilder Double Indemnity
1945
(18th)
Billy WilderAward winner The Lost Weekend [24]
Clarence Brown National Velvet
Alfred Hitchcock Spellbound
Leo McCarey The Bells of St. Mary's
Jean Renoir The Southerner
1946
(19th)
William WylerAward winner The Best Years of Our Lives [25]
Clarence Brown The Yearling
Frank Capra It's a Wonderful Life
David Lean Brief Encounter
Robert Siodmak The Killers
1947
(20th)
Elia KazanAward winner Gentleman's Agreement [26]
George Cukor A Double Life}
Edward Dmytryk Crossfire
Henry Koster The Bishop's Wife
David Lean Great Expectations
1948
(21st)
John HustonAward winner The Treasure of the Sierra Madre [27]
Anatole Litvak The Snake Pit
Jean Negulesco Johnny Belinda
Laurence Olivier Hamlet
Fred Zinnemann The Search
1949
(22nd)
Joseph L. MankiewiczAward winner A Letter to Three Wives [28]
Carol Reed The Fallen Idol
Robert Rossen All the King's Men
William A. Wellman Battleground
William Wyler The Heiress
1950
(23rd)
Joseph L. MankiewiczAward winner All About Eve [29]
George Cukor Born Yesterday
John Huston The Asphalt Jungle
Carol Reed The Third Man
Billy Wilder Sunset Boulevard
1951
(24th)
George StevensAward winner A Place in the Sun [30]
John Huston The African Queen
Elia Kazan A Streetcar Named Desire
Vincente Minnelli An American in Paris
William Wyler Detective Story
1952
(25th)
John FordAward winner The Quiet Man [31]
Cecil B. DeMille The Greatest Show on Earth
John Huston Moulin Rouge
Joseph L. Mankiewicz 5 Fingers
Fred Zinnemann High Noon
1953
(26th)
Fred ZinnemannAward winner From Here to Eternity [32]
George Stevens Shane
Charles Walters Lili
Billy Wilder Stalag 17
William Wyler Roman Holiday
1954
(27th)
Elia KazanAward winner On the Waterfront [33]
Alfred Hitchcock Rear Window
George Seaton The Country Girl
William A. Wellman The High and the Mighty
Billy Wilder Sabrina
1955
(28th)
Delbert MannAward winner Marty [34]
Elia Kazan East of Eden
David Lean Summertime
Joshua Logan Picnic
John Sturges Bad Day at Black Rock
1956
(29th)
George StevensAward winner Giant [35]
Michael Anderson Around the World in 80 Days
Walter Lang The King and I
King Vidor War and Peace
William Wyler Friendly Persuasion
1957
(30th)
David LeanAward winner The Bridge on the River Kwai [36]
Joshua Logan Sayonara
Sidney Lumet 12 Angry Men
Mark Robson Peyton Place
Billy Wilder Witness for the Prosecution
1958
(31st)
Vincente MinnelliAward winner Gigi [37]
Richard Brooks Cat on a Hot Tin Roof
Stanley Kramer The Defiant Ones
Mark Robson The Inn of the Sixth Happiness
Robert Wise I Want to Live!
1959
(32nd)
William WylerAward winner Ben-Hur [38]
Jack Clayton Room at the Top
George Stevens The Diary of Anne Frank
Billy Wilder Some Like It Hot
Fred Zinnemann The Nun's Story
1960
(33rd)
Billy WilderAward winner The Apartment [39]
Jack Cardiff Sons and Lovers
Jules Dassin Never on Sunday
Alfred Hitchcock Psycho
Fred Zinnemann The Sundowners
1961
(34th)
Robert WiseAward winner
Jerome RobbinsAward winner
West Side Story [40]
Federico Fellini La Dolce Vita
Stanley Kramer Judgment at Nuremberg
Robert Rossen The Hustler
J. Lee Thompson The Guns of Navarone
1962
(35th)
David LeanAward winner Lawrence of Arabia [41]
Pietro Germi Divorce, Italian Style
Robert Mulligan To Kill a Mockingbird
Arthur Penn The Miracle Worker
Frank Perry David and Lisa
1963
(36th)
Tony RichardsonAward winner Tom Jones [42]
Federico Fellini
Elia Kazan America, America
Otto Preminger The Cardinal
Martin Ritt Hud
1964
(37th)
George CukorAward winner My Fair Lady [43]
Michael Cacoyannis Zorba the Greek
Peter Glenville Becket
Stanley Kubrick Dr. Strangelove
Robert Stevenson Mary Poppins
1965
(38th)
Robert WiseAward winner The Sound of Music [44]
David Lean Doctor Zhivago
John Schlesinger Darling
Hiroshi Teshigahara The Woman in the Dunes
William Wyler The Collector
1966
(39th)
Fred ZinnemannAward winner A Man for All Seasons [45]
Michelangelo Antonioni Blowup
Richard Brooks The Professionals
Claude Lelouch A Man and a Woman
Mike Nichols Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?
1967
(40th)
Mike NicholsAward winner The Graduate [46]
Richard Brooks In Cold Blood
Norman Jewison In the Heat of the Night
Stanley Kramer Guess Who's Coming to Dinner
Arthur Penn Bonnie and Clyde
1968
(41st)
Carol ReedAward winner Oliver! [47]
Anthony Harvey The Lion in Winter
Stanley Kubrick 2001: A Space Odyssey
Gillo Pontecorvo The Battle of Algiers
Franco Zeffirelli Romeo and Juliet
1969
(42nd)
John SchlesingerAward winner Midnight Cowboy [48]
Costa Gavras Z
George Roy Hill Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid
Arthur Penn Alice's Restaurant
Sydney Pollack They Shoot Horses, Don't They?
1970
(43rd)
Franklin J. SchaffnerAward winner Patton [49]
Robert Altman M*A*S*H
Federico Fellini Fellini Satyricon
Arthur Hiller Love Story
Ken Russell Women in Love
1971
(44th)
William FriedkinAward winner The French Connection [50]
Peter Bogdanovich The Last Picture Show
Norman Jewison Fiddler on the Roof
Stanley Kubrick A Clockwork Orange
John Schlesinger Sunday Bloody Sunday
1972
(45th)
Bob FosseAward winner Cabaret [51]
John Boorman Deliverance
Francis Ford Coppola The Godfather
Joseph L. Mankiewicz Sleuth
Jan Troell The Emigrants
1973
(46th)
George Roy HillAward winner The Sting [52]
Ingmar Bergman Cries and Whispers
Bernardo Bertolucci Last Tango in Paris
William Friedkin The Exorcist
George Lucas American Graffiti
1974
(47th)
Francis Ford CoppolaAward winner The Godfather Part II [53]
John Cassavetes A Woman Under the Influence
Bob Fosse Lenny
Roman Polanski Chinatown
François Truffaut Day for Night
1975
(48th)
Miloš FormanAward winner One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest [54]
Robert Altman Nashville
Federico Fellini Amarcord
Stanley Kubrick Barry Lyndon
Sidney Lumet Dog Day Afternoon
1976
(49th)
John G. AvildsenAward winner Rocky [55]
Ingmar Bergman Face to Face
Sidney Lumet Network
Alan J. Pakula All the President's Men
Lina Wertmüller Seven Beauties
1977
(50th)
Woody AllenAward winner Annie Hall [56]
George Lucas Star Wars
Herbert Ross The Turning Point
Steven Spielberg Close Encounters of the Third Kind
Fred Zinnemann Julia
1978
(51st)
Michael CiminoAward winner The Deer Hunter [57]
Woody Allen Interiors
Hal Ashby Coming Home
Warren Beatty
Buck Henry
Heaven Can Wait
Alan Parker Midnight Express
1979
(52nd)
Robert BentonAward winner Kramer vs. Kramer [58]
Francis Ford Coppola Apocalypse Now
Bob Fosse All That Jazz
Édouard Molinaro La Cage aux Folles
Peter Yates Breaking Away
1980
(53rd)
Robert RedfordAward winner Ordinary People [59]
David Lynch The Elephant Man
Roman Polanski Tess
Richard Rush The Stunt Man
Martin Scorsese Raging Bull
1981
(54th)
Warren BeattyAward winner Reds [60]
Hugh Hudson Chariots of Fire
Louis Malle Atlantic City
Mark Rydell On Golden Pond
Steven Spielberg Raiders of the Lost Ark
1982
(55th)
Richard AttenboroughAward winner Gandhi [61]
Sidney Lumet The Verdict
Wolfgang Petersen Das Boot
Sydney Pollack Tootsie
Steven Spielberg E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial
1983
(56th)
James L. BrooksAward winner Terms of Endearment [62]
Bruce Beresford Tender Mercies
Ingmar Bergman Fanny and Alexander
Mike Nichols Silkwood
Peter Yates The Dresser
1984
(57th)
Miloš FormanAward winner Amadeus [63]
Woody Allen Broadway Danny Rose
Robert Benton Places in the Heart
Roland Joffé The Killing Fields
David Lean A Passage to India
1985
(58th)
Sydney PollackAward winner Out of Africa [64]
Héctor Babenco Kiss of the Spider Woman
John Huston Prizzi's Honor
Akira Kurosawa Ran
Peter Weir Witness
1986
(59th)
Oliver StoneAward winner Platoon [65]
Woody Allen Hannah and Her Sisters
James Ivory A Room with a View
Roland Joffé The Mission
David Lynch Blue Velvet
1987
(60th)
Bernardo BertolucciAward winner The Last Emperor [66]
John Boorman Hope and Glory
Lasse Hallström My Life as a Dog
Norman Jewison Moonstruck
Adrian Lyne Fatal Attraction
1988
(61st)
Barry LevinsonAward winner Rain Man [67]
Charles Crichton A Fish Called Wanda
Mike Nichols Working Girl
Alan Parker Mississippi Burning
Martin Scorsese The Last Temptation of Christ
1989
(62nd)
Oliver StoneAward winner Born on the Fourth of July [68]
Woody Allen Crimes and Misdemeanors
Kenneth Branagh Henry V
Jim Sheridan My Left Foot
Peter Weir Dead Poets Society
1990
(63rd)
Kevin CostnerAward winner Dances with Wolves [69]
Francis Ford Coppola The Godfather Part III
Stephen Frears The Grifters
Barbet Schroeder Reversal of Fortune
Martin Scorsese Goodfellas
1991
(64th)
Jonathan DemmeAward winner The Silence of the Lambs [70]
Barry Levinson Bugsy
Ridley Scott Thelma & Louise
John Singleton Boyz n the Hood
Oliver Stone JFK
1992
(65th)
Clint EastwoodAward winner Unforgiven [71]
Robert Altman The Player
Martin Brest Scent of a Woman
James Ivory Howards End
Neil Jordan The Crying Game
1993
(66th)
Steven SpielbergAward winner Schindler's List [72]
Robert Altman Short Cuts
Jane Campion The Piano
James Ivory The Remains of the Day
Jim Sheridan In the Name of the Father
1994
(67th)
Robert ZemeckisAward winner Forrest Gump [73]
Woody Allen Bullets over Broadway
Krzysztof Kieślowski Three Colors: Red
Robert Redford Quiz Show
Quentin Tarantino Pulp Fiction
1995
(68th)
Mel GibsonAward winner Braveheart [74]
Mike Figgis Leaving Las Vegas
Chris Noonan Babe
Michael Radford Il Postino: The Postman
Tim Robbins Dean Man Walking
1996
(69th)
Anthony MinghellaAward winner The English Patient [75]
Joel Coen Fargo
Miloš Forman The People vs. Larry Flynt
Scott Hicks Shine
Mike Leigh Secrets & Lies
1997
(70th)
James CameronAward winner Titanic [76]
Peter Cattaneo The Full Monty
Atom Egoyan The Sweet Hereafter
Curtis Hanson L.A. Confidential
Gus Van Sant Good Will Hunting
1998
(71st)
Steven SpielbergAward winner Saving Private Ryan [77]
Roberto Benigni Life Is Beautiful
John Madden Shakespeare in Love
Terence Malick The Thin Red Line
Peter Weir The Truman Show
1999
(72nd)
Sam MendesAward winner American Beauty [78]
Lasse Hallström The Cider House Rules
Spike Jonze Being John Malkovich
Michael Mann The Insider
M. Night Shyamalan The Sixth Sense
2000
(73rd)
Steven SoderberghAward winner Traffic [79]
Stephen Daldry Billy Elliot
Ang Lee Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon
Ridley Scott Gladiator
Steven Soderbergh Erin Brockovich
2001
(74th)
Ron HowardAward winner A Beautiful Mind [80]
Robert Altman Gosford Park
Peter Jackson The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring
David Lynch Mulholland Drive
Ridley Scott Black Hawk Down
2002
(75th)
Roman PolanskiAward winner The Pianist [81]
Pedro Almodóvar Talk to Her
Stephen Daldry The Hours
Rob Marshall Chicago
Martin Scorsese Gangs of New York
2003
(76th)
Peter JacksonAward winner The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King [82]
Sofia Coppola Lost in Translation
Clint Eastwood Mystic River
Fernando Meirelles City of God
Peter Weir Master and Commander: The Far Side of the World
2004
(77th)
Clint EastwoodAward winner Million Dollar Baby [83]
Taylor Hackford Ray
Mike Leigh Vera Drake
Alexander Payne Sideways
Martin Scorsese The Aviator
2005
(78th)
Ang LeeAward winner Brokeback Mountain [84]
George Clooney Good Night, and Good Luck
Paul Haggis Crash
Bennett Miller Capote
Steven Spielberg Munich
2006
(79th)
Martin ScorseseAward winner The Departed [85]
Clint Eastwood Letters from Iwo Jima
Stephen Frears The Queen
Paul Greengrass United 93
Alejandro G. Iñárritu Babel
2007
(80th)
Joel CoenAward winner
Ethan CoenAward winner
No Country for Old Men [86]
Paul Thomas Anderson There Will Be Blood
Tony Gilroy Michael Clayton
Jason Reitman Juno
Julian Schnabel The Diving Bell and the Butterfly
2008
(81st)
Danny BoyleAward winner Slumdog Millionaire [87]
Stephen Daldry The Reader
David Fincher The Curious Case of Benjamin Button
Ron Howard Frost/Nixon
Gus Van Sant Milk
2009
(82nd)
Kathryn BigelowAward winner The Hurt Locker [88]
James Cameron Avatar
Lee Daniels Precious
Jason Reitman Up in the Air
Quentin Tarantino Inglourious Basterds
2010
(83rd)
Tom HooperAward winner The King's Speech [89]
Darren Aronofsky Black Swan
Joel Coen
Ethan Coen
True Grit
David Fincher The Social Network
David O. Russell The Fighter
2011
(84th)
Michel HazanaviciusAward winner The Artist [90]
Woody Allen Midnight in Paris
Terrence Malick The Tree of Life
Alexander Payne The Descendants
Martin Scorsese Hugo
2012
(85th)
Ang LeeAward winner Life of Pi [91]
Michael Haneke Amour
David O. Russell Silver Linings Playbook
Steven Spielberg Lincoln
Benh Zeitlin Beasts of the Southern Wild
2013
(86th)
Alfonso CuarónAward winner Gravity [92]
Steve McQueen 12 Years a Slave
Alexander Payne Nebraska
David O. Russell American Hustle
Martin Scorsese The Wolf of Wall Street
2014
(87th)
Alejandro G. IñárrituAward winner Birdman or (The Unexpected Virtue of Ignorance) [93]
Wes Anderson The Grand Budapest Hotel
Richard Linklater Boyhood
Bennett Miller Foxcatcher
Morten Tyldum The Imitation Game
2015
(88th)
TBD Award winner TBD [94]
Lenny Abrahamson Room
Alejandro G. Iñárritu The Revenant
Tom McCarthy Spotlight
Adam McKay The Big Short
George Miller Mad Max: Fury Road

Multiple wins and nominations[edit]

Age superlatives[edit]

Record Actor Film Age (in years) Ref.
Oldest winner Clint Eastwood Million Dollar Baby 74 [95]
Oldest nominee John Huston Prizzi's Honor 79 [95]
Youngest winner Norman Taurog Skippy 32 [95]
Youngest nominee John Singleton Boyz n the Hood 24 [95]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dirks, Tim. "1927–28 Academy Awards Winners" (PDF). Rainbow Media. Retrieved November 20, 2015. 
  2. ^ Dirks, Tim. "Academy Awards Winners (1927/8 – 1939)". Rainbow Media. Retrieved November 20, 2015. 
  3. ^ Dirks, Tim. "1938 Academy Awards Winners and History". Rainbow Media. Retrieved November 20, 2015. 
  4. ^ [1] Archived January 13, 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ Crouse 2005, p. 257
  6. ^ a b c Levy 2003, p. 52
  7. ^ "The 1st Academy Awards (1929) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  8. ^ "The 2nd Academy Awards Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  9. ^ "The 3rd Academy Awards (1930) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  10. ^ "The 4th Academy Awards (1931) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  11. ^ "The 5th Academy Awards (1932) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  12. ^ "The 6th Academy Awards (1933) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  13. ^ "The 7th Academy Awards (1935) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  14. ^ "The 8th Academy Awards (1936) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  15. ^ "The 9th Academy Awards (1937) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  16. ^ "The 10th Academy Awards (1938) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  17. ^ "The 11th Academy Awards (1939) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  18. ^ "The 12th Academy Awards (1940) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  19. ^ "The 13th Academy Awards (1941) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  20. ^ "The 14th Academy Awards (1942) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  21. ^ "The 15th Academy Awards (1943) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  22. ^ "The 16th Academy Awards (1944) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  23. ^ "The 17th Academy Awards (1945) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  24. ^ "The 18th Academy Awards (1946) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  25. ^ "The 19th Academy Awards (1947) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  26. ^ "The 20th Academy Awards (1948) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  27. ^ "The 21st Academy Awards (1949) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  28. ^ "The 22nd Academy Awards (1950) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  29. ^ "The 23rd Academy Awards (1951) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  30. ^ "The 24th Academy Awards (1952) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  31. ^ "The 25th Academy Awards (1953) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  32. ^ "The 26th Academy Awards (1954) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  33. ^ "The 27th Academy Awards (1955) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  34. ^ "The 28th Academy Awards (1956) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  35. ^ "The 29th Academy Awards (1957) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  36. ^ "The 30th Academy Awards (1958) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  37. ^ "The 31st Academy Awards (1959) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  38. ^ "The 32nd Academy Awards (1960) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  39. ^ "The 33rd Academy Awards (1961) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  40. ^ "The 34th Academy Awards (1962) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  41. ^ "The 35th Academy Awards (1963) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  42. ^ "The 36th Academy Awards (1964) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  43. ^ "The 37th Academy Awards (1965) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  44. ^ "The 38th Academy Awards (1966) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  45. ^ "The 39th Academy Awards (1967) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  46. ^ "The 40th Academy Awards (1968) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  47. ^ "The 41st Academy Awards (1969) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  48. ^ "The 42nd Academy Awards (1970) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  49. ^ "The 43rd Academy Awards (1971) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  50. ^ "The 44th Academy Awards (1972) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  51. ^ "The 45th Academy Awards (1973) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  52. ^ "The 46th Academy Awards (1974) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  53. ^ "The 47th Academy Awards (1975) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  54. ^ "The 48th Academy Awards (1976) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  55. ^ "The 49th Academy Awards (1977) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  56. ^ "The 50th Academy Awards (1978) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  57. ^ "The 51st Academy Awards (1979) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  58. ^ "The 52nd Academy Awards (1980) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  59. ^ "The 53rd Academy Awards (1981) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  60. ^ "The 54th Academy Awards (1982) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  61. ^ "The 55th Academy Awards (1983) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  62. ^ "The 56th Academy Awards (1984) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  63. ^ "The 57th Academy Awards (1985) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  64. ^ "The 58th Academy Awards (1986) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  65. ^ "The 59th Academy Awards (1987) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  66. ^ "The 60th Academy Awards (1988) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  67. ^ "The 61st Academy Awards (1989) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  68. ^ "The 62nd Academy Awards (1990) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  69. ^ "The 63rd Academy Awards (1991) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  70. ^ "The 64th Academy Awards (1992) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  71. ^ "The 65th Academy Awards (1993) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  72. ^ "The 66th Academy Awards (1994) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  73. ^ "The 67th Academy Awards (1995) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  74. ^ "The 68th Academy Awards (1996) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  75. ^ "The 69th Academy Awards (1997) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  76. ^ "The 70th Academy Awards (1998) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  77. ^ "The 71st Academy Awards (1999) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  78. ^ "The 72nd Academy Awards (2000) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  79. ^ "The 73rd Academy Awards (2001) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  80. ^ "The 74th Academy Awards (2002) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  81. ^ "The 75th Academy Awards (2003) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  82. ^ "The 76th Academy Awards (2004) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  83. ^ "The 77th Academy Awards (2005) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  84. ^ "The 78th Academy Awards (2006) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  85. ^ "The 79th Academy Awards (2007) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  86. ^ "The 80th Academy Awards (2008) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  87. ^ "The 81st Academy Awards (2009) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  88. ^ "The 82nd Academy Awards (2010) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  89. ^ "The 83rd Academy Awards (2011) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  90. ^ "The 84th Academy Awards (2012) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  91. ^ "The 85th Academy Awards (2013) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  92. ^ "The 86th Academy Awards (2014) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved April 10, 2014. 
  93. ^ "The 87th Academy Awards (2015) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved January 15, 2015. 
  94. ^ "The 88th Academy Awards (2015) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved January 15, 2015. 
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Bibliography[edit]

  • Crouse, Richard (2005). Reel Winners: Movie Award Trivia. Toronto, Canada: University of Toronto Press. ISBN 978-1-55002-574-3. 
  • Levy, Emanuel (2003), All About Oscar: The History and Politics of the Academy Awards, New York, United States: Continuum International Publishing Group, ISBN 978-0-8264-1452-6 

External links[edit]