Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay

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Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay
CountryUnited States
Presented byAcademy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS)
First awarded1940
Currently held byBrian Currie
Peter Farrelly
Nick Vallelonga
Green Book (2018)
Websiteoscars.org

The Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay is the Academy Award for the best screenplay not based upon previously published material. It was created in 1940 as a separate writing award from the Academy Award for Best Story. Beginning with the Oscars for 1957, the two categories were combined to honor only the screenplay.

See also the Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay, a similar award for screenplays that are adaptations.

Notable nominees[edit]

Noted novelists and playwrights who have received nominations in this category include: John Steinbeck, Noël Coward, Raymond Chandler, Alain Robbe-Grillet, Edward Bond, Arthur C. Clarke, Lillian Hellman, Neil Simon, Paddy Chayefsky, Kenneth Lonergan, Tom Stoppard, Terence Rattigan and Martin McDonagh.

Special winners[edit]

Woody Allen has the most nominations in this category with 16, and the most awards with 3, though Paddy Chayefsky won the Best Adapted Screenplay in 1955 for his adaptation of his own teleplay, Marty, and also won for Original Screenplay for The Hospital and Network. Woody Allen also holds the record as the oldest winner (at age 76 for Midnight in Paris, 2011).[1]

Ben Affleck is the youngest winner, at the age of 25 for Good Will Hunting; he co-wrote the screenplay with Matt Damon (age 27 at the time of their award).

Richard Schweizer was the first to win for a foreign-language film, Marie-Louise. Other winners for a non-English screenplay include Albert Lamorisse, Pietro Germi, Claude Lelouch, and Pedro Almodóvar. Lamorisse is additionally the only person to win or even be nominated for Best Original Screenplay for a short film (The Red Balloon, 1956). [2]

Muriel Box was the first woman to win in this category; she shared the award with her husband, Sydney Box, for the 1945 film The Seventh Veil. The Boxes are also the first married couple to win in this category. Only three other married couples won an Oscar in another category—Earl W. Wallace and Pamela Wallace (for Original Screenplay), Peter Jackson and Fran Walsh (for Adapted Screenplay and Picture), and Kristen Anderson-Lopez and Robert Lopez (for Original Song).

In 1996, Joel Coen and Ethan Coen became the only siblings to win in this category (for Fargo).[3] Francis Ford Coppola (Patton, 1970) [4] and Sofia Coppola (Lost in Translation, 2003) are the only father-daughter pair to win. [5]

Preston Sturges was nominated for two different films in the same year (1944): Hail the Conquering Hero and The Miracle of Morgan's Creek. Oliver Stone achieved the same distinction in 1986, for Platoon and Salvador. Maurice Richlin and Stanley Shapiro were nominated in 1959 for both Operation Petticoat and Pillow Talk and won for the latter.

At the 2018 ceremony, Get Out writer-director Jordan Peele became the first African-American to win in this category. [6]

Winners and nominees[edit]

Black-and-white photo of Herman J. Mankiewicz in 1943.
Herman J. Mankiewicz, co-winner of the second award in this category (for Citizen Kane).
Black-and-white portrait of Orson Welles by photographer Carl Van Vechten in 1937.
Orson Welles co-won the award for Citizen Kane in 1941.
Photograph of Billy Wilder with actress Gloria Swanson during filming of Sunset Boulevard.
Screenwriter and director Billy Wilder (right) received two awards in this category in collaboration with others—one for Sunset Boulevard and one for The Apartment.
Black-and-white photo of William Inge in 1954.
William Inge earned this award in 1961 for Splendor in the Grass.
Photograph of screenwriter William Rose on his wedding day in 1944, along with his wife and guests.
William Rose (center right) won once in this category from three nominations.
Mel Brooks in 2010 at a ceremony to give him a star on the Walk of Fame.
Mel Brooks won in 1969 for 1968's The Producers.
Francis Ford Coppola in 2011.
Francis Ford Coppola, co-winner of the 1970 award for Patton.
A young Paddy Chayefsky in 1958.
Paddy Chayefsky garnered two solo wins in this category—one for 1971's The Hospital and one for 1976's Network.
Robert Towne smoking in a cigar from a still of the movie that bears his name.
The screenwriter of Chinatown, Robert Towne, received this award.
Woody Allen in 2006.
Woody Allen earned three Original Screenplay Oscars, for Annie Hall (along with Marshall Brickman), Hannah and Her Sisters, and Midnight in Paris. He has received sixteen nominations total, the most of any writer.
Steve Tesich outside on a snowy day in 1990.
Steve Tesich received the award in 1979 for Breaking Away.
Bo Goldman and Miloš Forman on the set of One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest in 1975.
Bo Goldman (left) won in 1981 for 1980's Melvin and Howard.
John Patrick Shanley in 2011.
John Patrick Shanley, winner of this award for the 1987 romantic comedy Moonstruck.
Callie Khouri appearing at PaleyFest in 2013.
Callie Khouri became the first woman to garner a solo win in this category with her work on Thelma & Louise.
Neil Jordan at the premiere of Ondine at the 2010 Tribeca Film Festival.
Neil Jordan won in 1993 for 1992's The Crying Game.
Jane Campion in 2014.
Jane Campion won for The Piano in 1993.
Tarantino at the San Diego Comic-Con International.
Quentin Tarantino has received two awards from three nominations. His wins were eighteen years apart—the first was for Pulp Fiction in 1994, while the second was for 2012's Django Unchained.
Christopher McQuarrie on the red carpet at a film festival.
The Coen brothers at the Cannes Film Festival in 2015.
Writer-director pair the Coen brothers won in 1997 for 1996's Fargo.
Ben Affleck at ComicCon 2017.
Ben Affleck, co-winner of 1997's award for Good Will Hunting.
Matt Damon at the world premiere of The Martian at the 2015 Toronto International Film Festival.
Matt Damon also received the award for Good Will Hunting.
Tom Stoppard after the premiere of The Coast of Utopia in 2007.
Tom Stoppard garnered the award for Shakespeare in Love.
Alan Ball in 2008.
Alan Ball won in 2000 for 1999's American Beauty.
Cameron Crowe at the 2005 Toronto International Film Festival promoting Elizabethtown.
Cody, January 2008.
Diablo Cody won for 2007's Juno.
Dustin Lance Black at the 81st Academy Awards.
Dustin Lance Black won for 2008's Milk.
Jonze at the 2013 New York Film Festival.
Spike Jonze won for 2013's Her.
Alejandro González Iñárritu in 2017 at the Cannes Film Festival.
Alejandro G. Iñárritu won for the screenplay of 2014's Birdman, co-written with Nicolás Giacobone, Alexander Dinelaris Jr., and Armando Bo.
Tom McCarthy.
Tom McCarthy won for the screenplay of 2015's Spotlight, co-written with Josh Singer.
Peele at the May 2014 Peabody Awards
Jordan Peele became the first African-American to win the award for 2017's Get Out.
Peter Farrelly at the 2009 Tribeca Film Festival premiere of The Farrelly Brothers' Lost Son of Havana.
Peter Farrelly won for the screenplay of 2018's Green Book, co-written with Brian Currie and Nick Vallelonga.

Winners are listed first in colored row, followed by the other nominees.

1940s[edit]

Year Film Nominees
1940
(13th)
[7]
The Great McGinty Preston SturgesAward winner
Angels Over Broadway Ben Hecht
Dr. Ehrlich's Magic Bullet Norman Burnside, Heinz Herald & John Huston
Foreign Correspondent Charles Bennett & Joan Harrison
The Great Dictator Charlie Chaplin
1941
(14th)
[8]
Citizen Kane Herman J. Mankiewicz & Orson WellesAward winner
The Devil and Miss Jones Norman Krasna
Sergeant York Harry Chandlee, Abem Finkel, John Huston & Howard Koch
Tall, Dark and Handsome Karl Tunberg & Darrell Ware
Tom, Dick and Harry Paul Jarrico
1942
(15th)
[9]
Woman of the Year Ring Lardner Jr. & Michael KaninAward winner
One of Our Aircraft Is Missing Michael Powell & Emeric Pressburger
Road to Morocco Frank Butler & Don Hartman
Wake Island W. R. Burnett & Frank Butler
The War Against Mrs. Hadley George Oppenheimer
1943
(16th)
[10]
Princess O'Rourke Norman KrasnaAward winner
Air Force Dudley Nichols
In Which We Serve Noël Coward
The North Star Lillian Hellman
So Proudly We Hail! Allan Scott
1944
(17th)
[11]
Wilson Lamar TrottiAward winner
Hail the Conquering Hero Preston Sturges
The Miracle of Morgan's Creek
Two Girls and a Sailor Richard Connell & Gladys Lehman
Wing and a Prayer Jerome Cady
1945
(18th)
[12]
Marie-Louise Richard SchweizerAward winner
Dillinger Philip Yordan
Music for Millions Myles Connolly
Salty O'Rourke Milton Holmes
What Next, Corporal Hargrove? Harry Kurnitz
1946
(19th)
[13]
The Seventh Veil Muriel & Sydney BoxAward winner
The Blue Dahlia Raymond Chandler
Children of Paradise Jacques Prévert
Notorious Ben Hecht
Road to Utopia Melvin Frank & Norman Panama
1947
(20th)
[14]
The Bachelor and the Bobby-Soxer Sidney SheldonAward winner
Body and Soul Abraham Polonsky
A Double Life Ruth Gordon & Garson Kanin
Monsieur Verdoux Charlie Chaplin
Shoeshine Sergio Amidei, Adolfo Franci, Cesare Giulio Viola & Cesare Zavattini
1948
(21st)
N/A [note 1][15]
1949
(22nd)
[16]
Battleground Robert PiroshAward winner
Jolson Sings Again Sidney Buchman
Paisan Sergio Amidei, Federico Fellini, Alfred Hayes, Marcello Pagliero & Roberto Rossellini
Passport to Pimlico T. E. B. Clarke
The Quiet One Helen Levitt, Janice Loeb & Sidney Meyers

1950s[edit]

Year Film Nominees
1950
(23rd)
[17]
Sunset Boulevard Charles Brackett, D. M. Marshman Jr. & Billy WilderAward winner
Adam's Rib Ruth Gordon & Garson Kanin
Caged Virginia Kellogg & Bernard C. Schoenfeld
The Men Carl Foreman
No Way Out Joseph L. Mankiewicz & Lesser Samuels
1951
(24th)
[18]
An American in Paris Alan Jay LernerAward winner
The Big Carnival Walter Newman, Lesser Samuels & Billy Wilder
David and Bathsheba Philip Dunne
Go for Broke! Robert Pirosh
The Well Clarence Greene & Russell Rouse
1952
(25th)
[19]
The Lavender Hill Mob T. E. B. ClarkeAward winner
The Atomic City Sydney Boehm
Breaking the Sound Barrier Terence Rattigan
Pat and Mike Ruth Gordon & Garson Kanin
Viva Zapata! John Steinbeck
1953
(26th)
[20]
Titanic Charles Brackett, Richard L. Breen & Walter ReischAward winner
The Band Wagon Betty Comden & Adolph Green
The Desert Rats Richard Murphy
The Naked Spur Harold Jack Bloom & Sam Rolfe
Take the High Ground! Millard Kaufman
1954
(27th)
[21]
On the Waterfront Budd SchulbergAward winner
The Barefoot Contessa Joseph L. Mankiewicz
Genevieve William Rose
The Glenn Miller Story Oscar Brodney & Valentine Davies
Knock on Wood Melvin Frank & Norman Panama
1955
(28th)
[22]
Interrupted Melody Sonya Levien & William LudwigAward winner
The Court-Martial of Billy Mitchell Emmet Lavery & Milton Sperling
It's Always Fair Weather Betty Comden & Adolph Green
Mr. Hulot's Holiday Henri Marquet & Jacques Tati
The Seven Little Foys Melville Shavelson & Jack Rose
1956
(29th)
[23]
The Red Balloon Albert LamorisseAward winner
The Bold and the Brave Robert Lewin
Julie Andrew L. Stone
La Strada Federico Fellini & Tullio Pinelli
The Ladykillers William Rose
1957
(30th)
[24]
Designing Woman George WellsAward winner
Funny Face Leonard Gershe
Man of a Thousand Faces Screenplay: Robert Campbell, Ivan Goff & Ben Roberts; Story: Ralph Wheelwright
The Tin Star Screenplay: Dudley Nichols; Story: Joel Kane & Barney Slater
I Vitelloni Screenplay: Federico Fellini & Ennio Flaiano; Story: Fellini, Flaiano & Tullio Pinelli
1958
(31st)
[25]
The Defiant Ones Nedrick Young & Harold Jacob SmithAward winner [note 2]
The Goddess Paddy Chayefsky
Houseboat Melville Shavelson & Jack Rose
The Sheepman Screenplay: William Bowers & James Edward Grant; Story: Grant
Teacher's Pet Fay & Michael Kanin
1959
(32nd)
[26]
Pillow Talk Screenplay: Stanley Shapiro & Maurice Richlin; Story: Clarence Greene & Russell RouseAward winner
The 400 Blows Marcel Moussy & François Truffaut
North by Northwest Ernest Lehman
Operation Petticoat Screenplay: Shapiro & Richlin; Story: Paul King & Joseph Stone
Wild Strawberries Ingmar Bergman

1960s[edit]

Year Film Nominees
1960
(33rd)
[27]
The Apartment I. A. L. Diamond & Billy WilderAward winner
The Angry Silence Screenplay: Bryan Forbes; Story: Michael Craig & Richard Gregson
The Facts of Life Melvin Frank & Norman Panama
Hiroshima, Mon Amour Marguerite Duras
Never on Sunday Jules Dassin
1961
(34th)
[28]
Splendor in the Grass William IngeAward winner
Ballad of a Soldier Grigori Chukhrai & Valentin Yoshov
General Della Rovere Sergio Amidei, Diego Fabbi & Indro Montanelli
La Dolce Vita Federico Fellini, Ennio Flaiano, Tullio Pinelli & Brunello Rondi
Lover Come Back Paul Henning & Stanley Shapiro
1962
(35th)
[29]
Divorce Italian Style Ennio de Concini, Pietro Germi & Alfredo GiannettiAward winner
Freud Screenplay: Charles Kaufman & Wolfgang Reinhardt; Story: Kaufman
Last Year at Marienbad Alain Robbe-Grillet
That Touch of Mink Nate Monaster & Stanley Shapiro
Through a Glass Darkly Ingmar Bergman
1963
(36th)
[30]
How the West Was Won James R. WebbAward winner
America America Elia Kazan
Federico Fellini, Ennio Flaiano, Tullio Pinelli & Brunello Rondi
The Four Days of Naples Screenplay: Carlo Bernari, Pasquale Festa Campanile, Massimo Franciosa & Nanni Loy; Story: Campanile, Franciosa, Loy & Vasco Pratolini
Love with the Proper Stranger Arnold Schulman
1964
(37th)
[31]
Father Goose Sceenplay: Peter Stone & Frank Tarloff; Story: S. H. Barnett Award winner
A Hard Day's Night Alun Owen
One Potato, Two Potato Screenplay: Orville H. Hampton; Story: Raphael Hayes
The Organizer Age, Mario Monicelli & Furio Scarpelli
That Man from Rio Daniel Boulanger, Philippe de Broca, Ariane Mnouchkine & Jean-Paul Rappeneau
1965
(38th)
[32]
Darling Frederic RaphaelAward winner
Casanova 70 Age, Suso Cecchi d'Amico, Tonino Guerra, Mario Monicelli, Giorgio Salvioni & Furio Scarpelli
Those Magnificent Men in their Flying Machines Ken Annakin & Jack Davies
The Train Franklin Coen & Frank Davis
The Umbrellas of Cherbourg Jacques Demy
1966
(39th)
[33]
A Man and a Woman Screenplay: Claude Lelouch; Story: Lelouch & Pierre Uytterhoeven Award winner
Blowup Screenplay: Michelangelo Antonioni, Edward Bond & Tonino Guerra; Story: Antonioni
The Fortune Cookie I. A. L. Diamond & Billy Wilder
Khartoum Robert Ardrey
The Naked Prey Clint Johnston & Don Peters
1967
(40th)
[34]
Guess Who's Coming to Dinner William RoseAward winner
Bonnie and Clyde Robert Benton & David Newman
Divorce American Style Screenplay: Norman Lear; Story: Robert Kaufman
La Guerre Est Finie Jorge Semprún
Two for the Road Frederic Raphael
1968
(41st)
[35]
The Producers Mel BrooksAward winner
The Battle of Algiers Gillo Pontecorvo & Franco Solinas
Faces John Cassavetes
Hot Millions Peter Ustinov & Ira Wallach
2001: A Space Odyssey Arthur C. Clarke & Stanley Kubrick
1969
(42nd)
[36]
Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid William GoldmanAward winner
Bob & Carol & Ted & Alice Paul Mazursky & Larry Tucker
The Damned Screenplay: Nicola Badalucco, Enrico Medioli & Luchino Visconti; Story: Badalucco
Easy Rider Peter Fonda, Dennis Hopper & Terry Southern
The Wild Bunch Screenplay: Walon Green & Sam Peckinpah; Story: Green & Roy N. Sickner

1970s[edit]

Year Film Nominees
1970
(43rd)
[37]
Patton Francis Ford Coppola & Edmund H. NorthAward winner
Five Easy Pieces Screenplay: Carole Eastman; Story: Eastman & Bob Rafelson
Joe Norman Wexler
Love Story Erich Segal
My Night at Maud's Éric Rohmer
1971
(44th)
[38]
The Hospital Paddy ChayefskyAward winner
Investigation of a Citizen Above Suspicion Elio Petri & Ugo Pirro
Klute Andy & David Lewis
Summer of '42 Herman Raucher
Sunday Bloody Sunday Penelope Gilliatt
1972
(45th)
[39]
The Candidate Jeremy LarnerAward winner
The Discreet Charm of the Bourgeoisie Screenplay & Story: Luis Buñuel; Collaboration: Jean-Claude Carrière
Lady Sings the Blues Chris Clark, Suzanne de Passe & Terrence McCloy
Murmur of the Heart Louis Malle
Young Winston Carl Foreman
1973
(46th)
[40]
The Sting David S. WardAward winner
American Graffiti Willard Huyck, George Lucas & Gloria Katz
Cries and Whispers Ingmar Bergman
Save the Tiger Steve Shagan
A Touch of Class Melvin Frank & Jack Rose
1974
(47th)
[41]
Chinatown Robert TowneAward winner
Alice Doesn't Live Here Anymore Robert Getchell
The Conversation Francis Ford Coppola
Day for Night Jean-Louis Richard, Suzanne Schiffman & François Truffaut
Harry and Tonto Josh Greenfield & Paul Mazursky
1975
(48th)
[42]
Dog Day Afternoon Frank PiersonAward winner
Amarcord Federico Fellini & Tonino Guerra
And Now My Love Claude Lelouch & Pierre Uytterhoeven
Lies My Father Told Me Ted Allan
Shampoo Robert Towne & Warren Beatty
1976
(49th)
[43]
Network Paddy ChayefskyAward winner
Cousin, Cousine Screenplay & Story: Jean-Charles Tacchella Adaptation: Daniele Thompson
The Front Walter Bernstein
Rocky Sylvester Stallone
Seven Beauties Lina Wertmüller
1977
(50th)
[44]
Annie Hall Woody Allen & Marshall Brickman
The Goodbye Girl Neil Simon
The Late Show Robert Benton
Star Wars George Lucas
The Turning Point Arthur Laurents
1978
(51st)
[45]
Coming Home Screenplay: Robert C. JonesAward winner & Waldo Salt; Story: Nancy Dowd Award winner
Autumn Sonata Ingmar Bergman
The Deer Hunter Screenplay: Deric Washburn; Story: Michael Cimino, Louis Garfinkle, Quinn Redeker & Washburn
Interiors Woody Allen
An Unmarried Woman Paul Mazursky
1979
(52nd)
[46]
Breaking Away Steve TesichAward winner
All That Jazz Robert Alan Aurthur & Bob Fosse
...And Justice for All. Valerie Curtin & Barry Levinson
The China Syndrome James Bridges, T. S. Cook & Mike Gray
Manhattan Woody Allen & Marshall Brickman

1980s[edit]

Year Film Nominees
1980
(53rd)
[47]
Melvin and Howard Bo GoldmanAward winner
Brubaker Screenplay: W. D. Richter; Story: Richter & Arthur A. Ross
Fame Christopher Gore
Mon oncle d'Amérique Jean Gruault
Private Benjamin Nancy Meyers, Harvey Miller & Charles Shyer
1981
(54th)
[48]
Chariots of Fire Colin WellandAward winner
Absence of Malice Kurt Luedtke
Arthur Steve Gordon
Atlantic City John Guare
Reds Trevor Griffiths & Warren Beatty
1982
(55th)
[49]
Gandhi John BrileyAward winner
Diner Barry Levinson
E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial Melissa Mathison
An Officer and a Gentleman Douglas Day Stewart
Tootsie Screenplay: Larry Gelbart & Murray Schisgal; Story: Gelbert & Don McGuire
1983
(56th)
[50]
Tender Mercies Horton FooteAward winner
The Big Chill Barbara Benedek & Lawrence Kasdan
Fanny and Alexander Ingmar Bergman
Silkwood Alice Arlen & Nora Ephron
WarGames Lawrence Lasker & Walter Parkes
1984
(57th)
[51]
Places in the Heart Robert BentonAward winner
Beverly Hills Cop Screenplay: Daniel Petrie Jr.; Story: Danilo Bach & Petrie
Broadway Danny Rose Woody Allen
El Norte Gregory Nava & Anna Thomas
Splash Screenplay: Bruce Jay Friedman, Lowell Ganz & Babaloo Mandel; Story: Friedman & Brian Grazer
1985
(58th)
[52]
Witness Screenplay: William Kelley & Earl W. Wallace; Story: Kelley, E. Wallace & Pamela Wallace Award winner
Back to the Future Bob Gale & Robert Zemeckis
Brazil Terry Gilliam, Charles McKeown & Tom Stoppard
The Official Story Aída Bortnik & Luis Puenzo
The Purple Rose of Cairo Woody Allen
1986
(59th)
[53]
Hannah and Her Sisters Woody AllenAward winner
Crocodile Dundee Screenplay: John Cornell, Paul Hogan & Ken Shadie; Story: Hogan
My Beautiful Laundrette Hanif Kureishi
Platoon Oliver Stone
Salvador Richard Boyle & Stone
1987
(60th)
[54]
Moonstruck John Patrick ShanleyAward winner
Au Revoir Les Enfants (Goodbye, Children) Louis Malle
Broadcast News James L. Brooks
Hope and Glory John Boorman
Radio Days Woody Allen
1988
(61st)
[55]
Rain Man Screenplay: Ronald Bass & Barry Morrow; Story: Morrow Award winner
Big Gary Ross & Anne Spielberg
Bull Durham Ron Shelton
A Fish Called Wanda Screenplay: John Cleese; Story: Cleese & Charles Crichton
Running on Empty Naomi Foner Gyllenhaal
1989
(62nd)
[56]
Dead Poets Society Tom SchulmanAward winner
Crimes and Misdemeanors Woody Allen
Do the Right Thing Spike Lee
Sex, Lies, and Videotape Steven Soderbergh
When Harry Met Sally... Nora Ephron

1990s[edit]

Year Film Nominees
1990
(63rd)
[57]
Ghost Bruce Joel RubinAward winner
Alice Woody Allen
Avalon Barry Levinson
Green Card Peter Weir
Metropolitan Whit Stillman
1991
(64th)
[58]
Thelma & Louise Callie KhouriAward winner
Boyz n the Hood John Singleton
Bugsy James Toback
The Fisher King Richard LaGravenese
Grand Canyon Lawrence & Meg Kasdan
1992
(65th)
[59]
The Crying Game Neil JordanAward winner
Husbands and Wives Woody Allen
Lorenzo's Oil Nick Enright & George Miller
Passion Fish John Sayles
Unforgiven David Peoples
1993
(66th)
[60]
The Piano Jane CampionAward winner
Dave Gary Ross
In the Line of Fire Jeff Maguire
Philadelphia Ron Nyswaner
Sleepless in Seattle Screenplay: Jeff Arch, Nora Ephron & David S. Ward; Story: Arch
1994
(67th)
[61]
Pulp Fiction Screenplay: Quentin Tarantino; Story: Roger Avary & Tarantino Award winner
Bullets over Broadway Woody Allen & Douglas McGrath
Four Weddings and a Funeral Richard Curtis
Heavenly Creatures Peter Jackson & Frances Walsh
Three Colours: Red Krzysztof Kieślowski & Krzysztof Piesiewicz
1995
(68th)
[62]
The Usual Suspects Christopher McQuarrieAward winner
Braveheart Randall Wallace
Mighty Aphrodite Woody Allen
Nixon Stephen J. Rivele, Oliver Stone & Christopher Wilkinson
Toy Story Screenplay: Joel Cohen, Alec Sokolow, Andrew Stanton & Joss Whedon; Story: Pete Docter, John Lasseter, Joe Ranft & Stanton
1996
(69th)
[63]
Fargo Coen BrothersAward winner
Jerry Maguire Cameron Crowe
Lone Star John Sayles
Secrets & Lies Mike Leigh
Shine Screenplay: Jan Sardi; Story: Scott Hicks
1997
(70th)
[64]
Good Will Hunting Ben Affleck & Matt DamonAward winner
As Good as It Gets Screenplay: Mark Andrus & James L. Brooks; Story: Andrus
Boogie Nights Paul Thomas Anderson
Deconstructing Harry Woody Allen
The Full Monty Simon Beaufoy
1998
(71st)
[65]
Shakespeare in Love Marc Norman & Tom StoppardAward winner
Bulworth Screenplay: Warren Beatty & Jeremy Pikser; Story: Beatty
Life Is Beautiful Roberto Benigni & Vincenzo Cerami
Saving Private Ryan Robert Rodat
The Truman Show Andrew Niccol
1999
(72nd)
[66]
American Beauty Alan BallAward winner
Being John Malkovich Charlie Kaufman
Magnolia Paul Thomas Anderson
The Sixth Sense M. Night Shyamalan
Topsy-Turvy Mike Leigh

2000s[edit]

Year Film Nominees
2000
(73rd)
[67]
Almost Famous Cameron CroweAward winner
Billy Elliot Lee Hall
Erin Brockovich Susannah Grant
Gladiator Screenplay: David Franzoni, John Logan & William Nicholson; Story: Franzoni
You Can Count On Me Kenneth Lonergan
2001
(74th)
[68]
Gosford Park Julian FellowesAward winner
Amélie Screenplay: Jean-Pierre Jeunet & Guillaume Laurant; Dialogue: Laurant
Memento Screenplay: Christopher Nolan; Story: Jonathan Nolan
Monster's Ball Milo Addica & Will Rokos
The Royal Tenenbaums Wes Anderson & Owen Wilson
2002
(75th)
[69]
Talk to Her Pedro AlmodóvarAward winner
Far from Heaven Todd Haynes
Gangs of New York Screenplay: Jay Cocks, Kenneth Lonergan & Steven Zaillian; Story: Cocks
My Big Fat Greek Wedding Nia Vardalos
Y Tu Mamá También Alfonso & Carlos Cuarón
2003
(76th)
[70]
Lost in Translation Sofia CoppolaAward winner
The Barbarian Invasions Denys Arcand
Dirty Pretty Things Steven Knight
Finding Nemo Screenplay: Bob Peterson, David Reynolds & Andrew Stanton; Story: Stanton
In America Jim, Kirsten & Naomi Sheridan
2004
(77th)
[71]
Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind Screenplay: Charlie Kaufman; Story: Pierre Bismuth, Michel Gondry & Kaufman Award winner
The Aviator John Logan
Hotel Rwanda Terry George & Keir Pearson
The Incredibles Brad Bird
Vera Drake Mike Leigh
2005
(78th)
[72]
Crash Screenplay: Paul Haggis & Bobby Moresco; Story: Haggis Award winner
Good Night, and Good Luck. George Clooney & Grant Heslov
Match Point Woody Allen
The Squid and the Whale Noah Baumbach
Syriana Stephen Gaghan
2006
(79th)
[73]
Little Miss Sunshine Michael ArndtAward winner
Babel Guillermo Arriaga
Letters from Iwo Jima Screenplay: Iris Yamashita; Story: Paul Haggis & Yamashita
Pan's Labyrinth Guillermo del Toro
The Queen Peter Morgan
2007
(80th)
[74]
Juno Diablo CodyAward winner
Lars and the Real Girl Nancy Oliver
Michael Clayton Tony Gilroy
Ratatouille Screenplay: Brad Bird; Story: Bird, Jim Capobianco & Jan Pinkava
The Savages Tamara Jenkins
2008
(81st)
[75]
Milk Dustin Lance BlackAward winner
Frozen River Courtney Hunt
Happy-Go-Lucky Mike Leigh
In Bruges Martin McDonagh
WALL-E Screenplay: Pete Docter, Jim Reardon & Andrew Stanton; Story: Stanton
2009
(82nd)
[76]
The Hurt Locker Mark BoalAward winner
Inglourious Basterds Quentin Tarantino
The Messenger Alessandro Camon & Oren Moverman
A Serious Man Coen Brothers
Up Screenplay: Pete Docter, Tom McCarthy & Bob Peterson; Story: Docter & Peterson

2010s[edit]

Year Film Nominees
2010
(83rd)
[77]
The King's Speech David SeidlerAward winner
Another Year Mike Leigh
The Fighter Screenplay: Eric Johnson, Scott Silver & Paul Tamasy; Story: Keith Dorrington, Johnson & Tamasy
Inception Christopher Nolan
The Kids Are All Right Stuart Blumberg & Lisa Cholodenko
2011
(84th)
[78]
Midnight in Paris Woody AllenAward winner
The Artist Michel Hazanavicius
Bridesmaids Annie Mumolo & Kristen Wiig
Margin Call J. C. Chandor
A Separation Asghar Farhadi
2012
(85th)
[79]
Django Unchained Quentin TarantinoAward winner
Amour Michael Haneke
Flight John Gatins
Moonrise Kingdom Wes Anderson & Roman Coppola
Zero Dark Thirty Mark Boal
2013
(86th)
[80]
Her Spike JonzeAward winner
American Hustle David O. Russell & Eric Warren Singer
Blue Jasmine Woody Allen
Dallas Buyers Club Craig Borten & Melisa Wallack
Nebraska Bob Nelson
2014
(87th)
[81]
Birdman Armando Bo, Alexander Dinelaris Jr., Nicolás Giacobone & Alejandro G. IñárrituAward winner
Boyhood Richard Linklater
Foxcatcher E. Max Frye & Dan Futterman
The Grand Budapest Hotel Screenplay: Wes Anderson; Story: Anderson & Hugo Guinness
Nightcrawler Dan Gilroy
2015
(88th)
[82]
Spotlight Tom McCarthy & Josh SingerAward winner
Bridge of Spies Matt Charman, Joel & Ethan Coen
Ex Machina Alex Garland
Inside Out Screenplay: Josh Cooley, Pete Docter & Meg LeFauve; Story: Ronnie del Carmen & Docter
Straight Outta Compton Screenplay: Andrea Berloff & Jonathan Herman; Story: Berloff, S. Leigh Savidge & Alan Wenkus
2016
(89th)
[83]
Manchester by the Sea Kenneth LonerganAward winner
Hell or High Water Taylor Sheridan
La La Land Damien Chazelle
The Lobster Efthymis Filippou & Yorgos Lanthimos
20th Century Women Mike Mills
2017
(90th)
[84]
Get Out Jordan PeeleAward winner
The Big Sick Emily V. Gordon & Kumail Nanjiani
Lady Bird Greta Gerwig
The Shape of Water Screenplay: Guillermo del Toro & Vanessa Taylor; Story: del Toro
Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri Martin McDonagh
2018
(91st)
[85]
Green Book Brian Currie, Peter Farrelly & Nick VallelongaAward winner
The Favourite Deborah Davis & Tony McNamara
First Reformed Paul Schrader
Roma Alfonso Cuarón
Vice Adam McKay

Multiple wins and nominations[edit]

Age superlatives[edit]

Record Writer Film Age (in years) Ref.
Oldest winner Woody Allen Midnight in Paris 76
Oldest nominee Blue Jasmine 78
Youngest winner Ben Affleck Good Will Hunting 25
Youngest nominee John Singleton Boyz n the Hood 24

Diversity of nominees/winners[edit]

Asian nominees
Year Name Country Film Status Notes
1986 Hanif Kureishi United Kingdom/Pakistan My Beautiful Laundrette Nominated
1999 M. Night Shyamalan United States/India The Sixth Sense Nominated
2006 Iris Yamashita United States/Japan Letters from Iwo Jima Nominated Shared nomination with Paul Haggis
2012 Asghar Farhadi Iran A Separation Nominated First screenplay written in an Asian language to be nominated (Farsi)
2015 Ronnie del Carmen Philippines Inside Out Nominated Shared nomination with Pete Docter, Meg LeFauve, & Josh Cooley
2017 Kumail Nanjiani Pakistan The Big Sick Nominated Shared nomination with Emily V. Gordon
Black nominees/winners
Year Name Film Status Notes
1972 Suzanne de Passe Lady Sings the Blues Nominated Shared nomination with co-writers Chris Clark and Terence McCloy
1989 Spike Lee Do the Right Thing Nominated
1991 John Singleton Boyz n the Hood Nominated Youngest nominee ever in the category
2017 Jordan Peele Get Out Won
Central/South American nominees/winners
Year Nominee Country Film Status Notes
1985
(58th)
Aída Bortnik
Luis Puenzo
Argentina
The Official Story Nominated
2002
(75th)
Alfonso Cuarón
Carlos Cuarón
Mexico
Y Tu Mamá También Nominated
2006
(79th)
Guillermo Arriaga Babel Nominated
Guillermo del Toro Pan's Labyrinth Nominated
2014
(87th)
Alejandro González Iñárritu
Nicolás Giacobone
Armando Bó
Mexico
Argentina
Argentina
Birdman Won Shared win with Alexander Dinelaris Jr.
2017
(90th)
Guillermo del Toro
Mexico
The Shape of Water Nominated Shared nomination with Vanessa Taylor
2018
(91st)
Alfonso Cuarón Roma Nominated
LGBT nominees/winners
Year Name Film Status Milestone Reference Reference
1942 Noël Coward In Which We Serve Nominated Gay [86]
George Oppenheimer The War Against Mrs. Hadley Nominated Gay
1952 Terence Rattigan The Sound Barrier Nominated Gay
1961 William Inge Splendor in the Grass Won Gay [87]
1965 Jacques Demy The Umbrellas of Cherbourg Nominated Bisexual
1968 Arthur C. Clarke 2001: A Space Odyssey Nominated Gay [88]
1969 Luchino Visconti The Damned Nominated Gay [89]
1977 Arthur Laurents The Turning Point Nominated Gay [90]
1979 James Bridges The China Syndrome Nominated Gay [86]
1993 Ron Nyswaner Philadelphia Nominated Gay [91]
1999 Alan Ball American Beauty Won Gay
2000 John Logan Gladiator Nominated Gay
2002 Pedro Almodóvar Talk to Her Won Gay
Todd Haynes Far from Heaven Nominated Gay [92]
2004 John Logan The Aviator Nominated Gay
2008 Dustin Lance Black Milk Won Gay [93]
2010 Lisa Cholodenko The Kids Are All Right Nominated Lesbian [94]
2015 Jonathan Herman Straight Outta Compton Nominated Gay [95]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Best Original Screenplay was consolidated in 1948 for a singular Best Screenplay award. The winner was The Treasure of the Sierra Madre, adapted from the novel of same name.
  2. ^ In 1958, Nedrick Young was blacklisted and writing under the pseudonym Nathan E. Douglas. The Academy's Board of Governors voted in 1993 to restore Young's nomination and award.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  5. ^ Sofia Coppola winning Bset Original Screenplay-Oscars on YouTube
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