Academy Award for Best Film Editing
|Academy Award for Best Film Editing|
|Presented by||Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences|
|Currently held by||Tom Cross
The Academy Award for Film Editing is one of the annual awards of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Nominations for this award are closely correlated with the Academy Award for Best Picture. For 33 consecutive years, 1981 to 2013, every Best Picture winner had also been nominated for the Film Editing Oscar, and about two thirds of the Best Picture winners have also won for Film Editing. Only the principal, "above the line" editor(s) as listed in the film's credits are named on the award; additional editors, supervising editors, etc. are not presently eligible. The nominations for this Academy Award are determined by a ballot of the voting members of the Editing Branch of the Academy; there were 220 members of the Editing Branch in 2012. The members may vote for up to five of the eligible films in the order of their preference; the five films with the largest vote totals are selected as nominees. The Academy Award itself is selected from the nominated films by a subsequent ballot of all active and life members of the Academy. This process is essentially the reverse of that of the British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA); nominations for the BAFTA Award for Best Editing are done by a general ballot of Academy voters, and the winner is selected by members of the editing chapter.
This award was first given for films released in 1934. The name of this award is occasionally changed; in 2008, it was listed as the Academy Award for Achievement in Film Editing.
Four film editors have won this award three times in their career:
- Ralph Dawson won for A Midsummer Night's Dream (1935), Anthony Adverse (1936), and The Adventures of Robin Hood (1938)
- Daniel Mandell won for The Pride of the Yankees (1942), The Best Years of Our Lives (1946), and The Apartment (1960).
- Michael Kahn won for Raiders of the Lost Ark (1981), Schindler's List (1993), and Saving Private Ryan (1998).
- Thelma Schoonmaker won for Raging Bull (1980), The Aviator (2004), and The Departed (2006).
To date, two film directors have won this award, James Cameron and Alfonso Cuarón for the films Titanic and Gravity respectively. Directors David Lean, Joel and Ethan Coen (under the alias Roderick Jaynes), and Jean-Marc Vallee (under the alias John Mac Murphy) have been nominated for editing their own films, with Cameron, Cuaron, and the Coens each being nominated for the award twice. Additionally, Best Film Editing winner, Walter Murch, although known for film editing and sound, directed the Oscar nominated Return to Oz and is, to date, the only person with Oscars for both sound engineering and film editing, winning them in the same year for his work on The English Patient.
|Most Awards||Michael Kahn
|Awards resulted from 8 nominations
Awards resulted from 7 nominations
Awards resulted from 5 nominations
Awards resulted from 4 nominations
|Most Nominations||Michael Kahn||8 nominations||2012||Nominations resulted in 3 awards|
|Most Nominations without a Win||Gerry Hambling
|Died in 2013
Died in 1964
Superlatives taken from a document published by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences.
Nominations and awards
These listings are based on the Awards Database maintained by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts & Sciences.
- 1950 King Solomon's Mines—Ralph E. Winters, Conrad A. Nervig
- 1951 A Place in the Sun—William Hornbeck
- 1952 High Noon—Elmo Williams, Harry Gerstad
- 1953 From Here to Eternity—William A. Lyon
- 1954 On the Waterfront—Gene Milford
- 1955 Picnic—Charles Nelson, William A. Lyon
- 1956 Around the World in 80 Days—Gene Ruggiero, Paul Weatherwax
- 1957 The Bridge on the River Kwai—Peter Taylor
- 1958 Gigi—Adrienne Fazan
- 1959 Ben-Hur—Ralph E. Winters, John D. Dunning
- 1960 The Apartment—Daniel Mandell
- 1961 West Side Story—Thomas Stanford
- 1962 Lawrence of Arabia—Anne V. Coates
- 1963 How the West Was Won—Harold F. Kress
- 1964 Mary Poppins—Cotton Warburton
- 1965 The Sound of Music—William H. Reynolds
- 1966 Grand Prix—Fredric Steinkamp, Henry Berman, Stewart Linder, Frank Santillo
- 1967 In the Heat of the Night—Hal Ashby
- 1968 Bullitt—Frank P. Keller
- 1969 Z—Françoise Bonnot
- 1970 Patton—Hugh S. Fowler
- 1971 The French Connection—Gerald B. Greenberg
- 1972 Cabaret—David Bretherton
- 1973 The Sting—William H. Reynolds
- 1974 The Towering Inferno—Harold F. Kress, Carl Kress
- 1975 Jaws—Verna Fields
- 1976 Rocky—Richard Halsey, Scott Conrad
- 1977 Star Wars—Paul Hirsch, Marcia Lucas, Richard Chew
- 1978 The Deer Hunter—Peter Zinner
- 1979 All That Jazz—Alan Heim
- 1980 Raging Bull—Thelma Schoonmaker
- 1981 Raiders of the Lost Ark—Michael Kahn
- 1982 Gandhi—John Bloom
- 1983 The Right Stuff—Glenn Farr, Lisa Fruchtman, Stephen A. Rotter, Douglas Stewart, Tom Rolf
- 1984 The Killing Fields—Jim Clark
- 1985 Witness—Thom Noble
- 1986 Platoon—Claire Simpson
- 1987 The Last Emperor—Gabriella Cristiani
- 1988 Who Framed Roger Rabbit—Arthur Schmidt
- 1989 Born on the Fourth of July—David Brenner, Joe Hutshing
- Harris, Mark (January 6, 2008). "Which Editing is a Cut Above?". The New York Times. In 1980, Ordinary People won as Best Picture, but its editor Jeff Kanew was not nominated for Best Editing.
- Dimond, Anna (December 13, 2013). "Why Editing Nominations Predict the Best Picture Oscar". Variety. Interviews with prominent film editors exploring the correlation between the Academy Awards for Best Film Editing and for Best Film.
- "Rule Thirteen—Special Rules for the Film Editing Award". 79th Academy Awards Rules for Distinguished Achievements in 2006. Archived from the original on 2010-07-18. Rules are published for each year's awards. In earlier years, different rules applied; thus Robert Parrish was nominated for All the King's Men (1949), and indeed won the Oscar, with a credit as an "editorial consultant".
- "Academy Branches". Academy of Motion Picture Arts & Sciences. February 2012. Archived from the original on 2012-02-24.
- "Orange British Academy Film Awards: Rules and Guidelines 2008-2009". British Academy of Film and Television Arts. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-07-18.
- "Film Editing Facts" (PDF). Academy of Motion Picture Arts & Sciences. March 2012. Retrieved 2012-03-01.
- Listing generated by searching "The Official Academy Awards Database". for all "film editing" awards.