Academy Hall (Edinboro University of Pennsylvania)

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Academy Hall
Academy Hall, Edinboro University.jpg
Academy Hall (Edinboro University of Pennsylvania) is located in Pennsylvania
Academy Hall (Edinboro University of Pennsylvania)
Academy Hall (Edinboro University of Pennsylvania) is located in the US
Academy Hall (Edinboro University of Pennsylvania)
Location High and Normal Streets
Edinboro, Pennsylvania
Coordinates 41°52′19.3″N 80°7′41.2″W / 41.872028°N 80.128111°W / 41.872028; -80.128111Coordinates: 41°52′19.3″N 80°7′41.2″W / 41.872028°N 80.128111°W / 41.872028; -80.128111
Built 1857 (1857)
Architect Nathaniel C. Austin
Architectural style Italianate
NRHP Reference # 06001055[1]
Added to NRHP November 21, 2006

Academy Hall is an academic building on the campus of Edinboro University of Pennsylvania in Edinboro, Pennsylvania. Originally known as Austin Hall for its architect, the hall has since been called a variety of names that reflected its use at the time, including Literary Hall, Commercial Hall and Music Hall. Built in 1857, Academy Hall is the oldest building at the university and the oldest normal school building in Pennsylvania.[2][3] It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2006.[4]

Design[edit]

Academy Hall is a two-story, Italianate-style structure located at the intersection of High and Normal Streets at Edinboro University of Pennsylvania, southeast of downtown Edinboro. The hall is 40 by 50 feet (10 m × 20 m) with 10 by 24 feet (3 m × 7 m) wings containing stairwells on the north and south sides.[2] A cupola with a low, pyramidal roof and arched windows is perched atop the building. Beneath the brackets and dentil on the cupola is a "Greek key fretwork".[2] The exterior of Academy Hall has remained unaltered since its construction, other than a new basement and foundation when it was moved in 1880, and the removal of chimneys in 1885.[5] During renovations in 2006 and 2007, parts of the first floor ceiling were removed and a mezzanine installed. The cupola also functions as a skylight.[6]

History[edit]

In 1855, the citizens of Edinboro elected to establish an academy in the community as the nearest secondary school was in Waterford, 10 miles (20 km) away.[7] The community applied for a charter in 1856 and succeeded in raising $3,000 for the purchasing of 1 acre (0.4 ha) and the construction of an academy building. The contract for the building was awarded to Nathaniel C. Austin, a local architect and carpenter. Austin Hall was completed in 1857 and was dedicated on December 14, 1857, the day before classes began.[3]

During the construction, the Pennsylvania General Assembly passed the Normal School Act of 1857. The trustees of Edinboro Academy immediately decided to pursue certification as a normal school under the act.[8] An additional 9 acres (4 ha) were purchased and three more buildings erected: an assembly hall and two dormitories. The academy official became the Northwestern State Normal School on January 23, 1861. It was the second such school in Pennsylvania, the first being at Millersville.[9]

Academy Hall was moved approximately 200 yards (200 m) northeast to its present location in 1880.[2] It was renamed Literary Hall the same year when its second floor became used primarily by the school's literary societies. From 1912 to 1917, the hall was used by business courses and classes for "secretarial skills" and became called Commercial Hall.[10] In 1917, the building was used by music students and became Music Hall. The State Normal School became a State Teachers College in 1927 and a State College in 1960. The college's Alumni Office took over Music Hall in 1965 and renamed it back to Academy Hall.[10] In 1983, Pennsylvania created the State System of Higher Education with Edinboro State College becoming the Edinboro University of Pennsylvania.[3]

Academy Hall was left vacant in 1996. It underwent a $2.4 million restoration that was completed when it was rededicated on January 18, 2007 as part of the 150th anniversary celebration of the founding of Edinboro University.[11] The hall now houses the university's admissions office.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "NPS Focus". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. Retrieved August 21, 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c d Obringer 2005, § 7, p. 1.
  3. ^ a b c "Why the rededication of Edinboro University of Pennsylvania's Academy Hall is an important story" (Press release). Edinboro University of Pennsylvania. January 5, 2007. Archived from the original on September 27, 2011. Retrieved August 20, 2011. 
  4. ^ Obringer 2005, § 8, p. 1.
  5. ^ Obringer 2005, § 8, pp. 5–6.
  6. ^ Erwin 2007, p. 1B.
  7. ^ Obringer 2005, § 8, p. 2.
  8. ^ Obringer 2005, § 8, pp. 3.
  9. ^ Obringer 2005, § 8, p. 3.
  10. ^ a b Obringer 2005, § 8, p. 5.
  11. ^ Erwin 2007, p. 2B.

Sources[edit]