Academy of Sciences Glacier

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Academy of Sciences Glacier
ледник Академии наук
KomsomoletsIsland Terra MODIS.png
Terra-MODIS image of Komsomolets Island with the massive Academy of Sciences Glacier covering two thirds of the island
Map showing the location of Academy of Sciences Glacier
Map showing the location of Academy of Sciences Glacier
Location within Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia
TypeIce cap
LocationKomsomolets Island,
Severnaya Zemlya
Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia
Coordinates80°24′N 94°50′E / 80.400°N 94.833°E / 80.400; 94.833Coordinates: 80°24′N 94°50′E / 80.400°N 94.833°E / 80.400; 94.833
Area5570 km²
Thickness500 m

The Academy of Sciences Glacier (Russian: ледник Академии наук; Lednik Akademii Nauk), is a large ice cap on Komsomolets Island, Severnaya Zemlya, Russian Federation.

It is the largest in Severnaya Zemlya and is also the largest single glacier formation of Russia.

History[edit]

This glacier was named after the Soviet Academy of Sciences by the 1930–1932 expedition to the archipelago led by Georgy Ushakov and Nikolay Urvantsev.[1]

A 724 m (2,375 ft) long ice core was drilled between 1999 and 2001 from a drilling site located near the summit of the Academy of Sciences Glacier.[2]

Geography[edit]

The Academy of Sciences Glacier is roughly circular in shape with a diameter of about 80 km (50 mi) and an area of 5,570 km2 (2,150 sq mi).[3] It covers almost two thirds of Komsomolets island, except for an unglaciated area at the northern end. Its average height is 692 m (2,270 ft) with a maximum elevation of 749 m (2,457 ft).[4]

This vast ice cap is located on the southern side of the island, stretching from coast to coast, with the Laptev Sea on its eastern side at Krenkel Bay, the Red Army Strait in the south and the Kara Sea on the west at Zhuravlev Bay.[5]

View of the Academy of Sciences Glacier from Zhuravlev Bay

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Архипелаг Северная Земля — один из наиболее крупных районов оледенения на территории России
  2. ^ Glaciology - A 275 year ice-core record from Akademii Nauk ice cap, Severnaya Zemlya, Russian Arctic
  3. ^ Dynamic instability of marine-terminating glacier basins of Academy of Sciences Ice Cap, Russian High Arctic
  4. ^ Комсомолец // Словарь современных географических названий / Рус. геогр. о-во. Моск. центр; Под общ. ред. акад. В. М. Котлякова. Институт географии РАН. — Екатеринбург: У-Фактория, 2006
  5. ^ "Lednik Akademii Nauk". Mapcarta. Retrieved 24 December 2016.

External links[edit]