Academy of Sciences Range

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Academy of Sciences Range
Хребет Академии Наук
Qatorkuhi Akademiyai Fanho
USSR-Tajikistan-Peak Communism.jpg
Ismoil Somoni Peak in 1989
Highest point
Peak Ismoil Somoni Peak
Elevation 7,495 m (24,590 ft)
Coordinates 38°55′N 72°01′E / 38.917°N 72.017°E / 38.917; 72.017Coordinates: 38°55′N 72°01′E / 38.917°N 72.017°E / 38.917; 72.017
Country Tajikistan
Parent range Pamir Mountains
Age of rock Paleozoic
Type of rock sedimentary and metamorphic rocks

Academy of Sciences Range (Russian: Хребет Академии Наук, Khrebet Akademiy Nauk; Tajik: Qatorkuhi Akademiyai Fanho) is a mountain range in the Western Pamirs of Tajikistan. It is stretched in a north-south direction and considered to be the core of the Pamir mountain system.


The highest peak of the range is the Ismoil Somoni Peak. It was also the highest peak in the former Soviet Union. The length of the Academy of Sciences Range is about 110 km. The crest of the range has an Alpine-like relief with 24 summits more than 6,000 m in height. The lowest saddle point, Kamaloyak (Камалояк), is at the altitude of 4,340 m (14,240 ft).

The range is formed with sedimentary and metamorphic rocks of the Paleozoic Era and partially granites. It is covered with permanent snow, which feeds a large number of big glaciers. The total area of the glacial ice is around 1,500 km².[1]


The Academy of Sciences Range was first mapped by Russian geographer and Pamir explorer Nikolai Korzhenevskiy and named after the Soviet Academy of Sciences in 1927.

See also[edit]