Turkmen Academy of Sciences
The Academy of Sciences of Turkmenistan has the following functional structure. Three departments 
- Humanitarian and economic sciences department;
- Physical and mathematical, chemical, geological and engineering sciences department;
- Medical, biological and agricultural sciences department.
The Academy of Sciences of Turkmenistan is the state body which primary task is to ensure the practical realization of scientific and technical politics.[En English]: The Academy of Sciences of the Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic was established in June 1951 on the basis of the Foundation of the Turkmen Academy of Sciences of the Soviet Socialist Republic of the Union. Initially - Turkestan scientific. Commission (1922), then the Turkmen.
The Academic Council (The State Academic Council) under the People's Commissariat of Education (1926), then the Cult of the Turkmen * (1928-32).Since May 1932 the Turkmen Scientific Research Institute. Resolution of the Central Executive Committee and the Council of People's Commissars of the Turkmen Soviet Union of the Republic of March 31, 1936 May is divided into two Inst.: Institute of History and Language and Literature from directly under the Central Executive Committee and the Council of People's Commissars of the Turkmen Soviet Union Republics.
Since 1940 the Foundation Turkmen Academy of Sciences of the Soviet Socialist Republic of the Union unites of three Institutes: Institute of Language and Literature, Biology and Geology: 1 PhD and 12 candidates of science. [In the context], At the end of 1945 - 238 employees, including 9 doctors and 51 candidates of sciences. Turkmens among researchers was 35, including 11 Candidate and Doctor s of Sciences 4 (2 on the history of philology and 2).Opened the Institute of Animal, Agriculture As part of the physic - technical institute organizes. Laboratory of Chemistry and Technology of oil, seismological dep. Foundation of the Presidium of the Turkmen Academy of Sciences of the Soviet Socialist Republic of the Union based on the water sector households, At the Geological Institute of those - the sector of oil and fossil fuels.
President T. Berdyev, vice-presidents: M. P. Petrov and A. Jumayev. In the 1956 - 12 academic, 18 corresponding members, 13 doctors (including 8 Turkmens), 68 Candidates of Sciences (including 32 Turkmen), has learned in graduate 79 people. In 1956, two Institutions - Agriculture and Livestock moved to the Ministry of Agricultural Turkmenistan Soviet Socialist Republics. In January 1957 Opening of the Institute of Chemistry and Economics on the basis of the department existed at the Presidium of the Academy of Sciences of Turkmenistan Soviet Socialist Republics. After separation of the Institute of Biology created Institute Botany and Institute of Zoology and Parasitology. In 1957, 9 united Research Institute of Geology, Physics and Geophysics, anti-seismic construction, chemistry, botany, zoology and parasitology, language and literature; History, archaeology and ethnography; Economy as well as the Botanical Garden, three museums (History and Studies in Ashgabat and a memorial to them. 26 Baku commissars - in Turkmenbashi *) number of scientific. stations and bases. In 1986, Academy comprises 15 research institutions, academic staff in 1053, including 17 academicians and 25 corresponding members, 51 doctors and 522 PhD. Sciences. In 1994 – 6210 y., scientific - employees, 260 doctors of sciences, 1540 PhD degree.[ ]Abolished in 1997 y. Part of the Research Institute came under the control respectively. The center was dissolved in that year with this title. Ministries and departments, the Bureau of Academy Sciences of Turkmenistan in the summer of 1998 y. passed the Higher Council for Science and Technology, became under consider President of Turkmenistan.
АКАДЕМИИ НАУК ПРЕЗИДЕНТЫ
Келлер Б.А., 1940 (дир.) Наливкин Дмитрий Васильевич*, (пред.), 1946-51 Бердыев Таган Бердыевич*, 1951-56 Чарыев Гельды Оразович, 1956-59 Батыров Шаджа Батырович*, 1959-65 Азимов Пигам Азимович*, 1966-75 Бабаев Агаджан Гельдыевич*, 1975-86 Овезгельдыев Оразгельды Овезгельдыевич, 1986-88 Бабаев Агаджан Гельдыевич*, 1989-93 Ходжамухаммедов Агамамед, 1993-98.
Dr. O, H.