|Single by The Band|
|from the album Northern Lights – Southern Cross|
|Format||Single sleeve LP|
|Genre||Roots rock, Americana|
|The Band singles chronology|
The song is a portrayal of the troubled history of Nova Scotia and Acadia. Specifically, it is about the Expulsion of the Acadians during the French and Indian War between the French and the English over what is now Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island and most of Maine.
Robertson's lyrics were influenced by Longfellow's poem Evangeline, which describes the deportation of Acadians. On The Band's recording of the song, the lead vocal is traded on the verses between Richard Manuel, Levon Helm, and Rick Danko, with all three singers harmonizing on the choruses. Instrumentally, the recording is noted for its overdubbed fiddle playing by Byron Berline.
Robertson took poetic license with the historical record. The deportations happened during the French and Indian War (1754–1763), rather than starting when "the war was over". The Expulsion began immediately after the British victory in the Battle of Fort Beauséjour (1755) in present-day New Brunswick and not after "What went down on the Plains of Abraham" (1759) in Quebec. The deportations ended when the war ended, with the signing of the Treaty of Paris (1763).
AllMusic critic Rob Bowman described "Acadian Driftwood" as "a slightly more complex and ambitious (and successful) down-north analog to "The Night They Drove Old Dixie Down." The Sarasota Herald-Tribune confirmed the relationship with "The Night They Drove Old Dixie Down," noting that it had much of "the tone and historical sensitivity" as the earlier song. The Herald-Tribune further noted that the song deals with the theme in a way that not only highlights the plight of the Acadians but also relates it to continuing oppression in the world.
Bowman rated "Acadian Driftwood" as "one of Robertson's finest compositions, equal to anything else the Band ever recorded." According to The New Rolling Stone Album Guide critic Mark Kemp, "Acadian Driftwood" is one of three songs on Northern Lights – Southern Cross, along with "Ophelia" and "It Makes No Difference," on which "Robertson reclaims his reputation as one of rock's great songwriters. Music critic Colin Larkin concurred that it is "one of Robertson's most evocative compositions." Music critic Barney Hoskyns considers it and "It Makes No Difference" to be "the most moving songs Robertson had written in five years." Dave Zurawik of The Milwaukee Sentinel praises the way the song "rattle in [his] head and reverberates off [his] unconscious" for a long time.
"Acadian Driftwood" was performed by The Band as part of their famous Last Waltz concert. The concert performance was omitted from the Martin Scorsese film of the concert and the original 1978 soundtrack, but was included in the 2002 box set soundtrack.
Richard Shindell also covered the song on his 2007 album South of Delia, as did The Roches on the 2007 multi-artist tribute album, Endless Highway: The Music of The Band. Zachary Richard and Celine Dion also covered the song as a duet on Richard's 2009 album Last Kiss. Shawn Colvin covered it on her 2015 album Uncovered. Phil Beer frequently plays "Acadian Driftwood" in his solo performances and with the Phil Beer Band.
- DeRiso, N. "Across the Great Divide: The Band, “Acadian Driftwood” from Northern Lights-Southern Cross (1975)". Something Else!. Retrieved 2015-06-01.
- Bowman, R. "Northern Lights-Southern Cross". Allmusic. Retrieved 2015-06-01.
- "The Band Bounces Back". Sarasota Herald-Tribune. December 14, 1975. p. 88. Retrieved 2015-06-01.
- Kemp, M. (2004). Brackett, N., ed. The New Rolling Stone Album Guide (4th ed.). Fireside. p. 43. ISBN 0743201698.
- Larkin, C. (1997). The Virgin Encyclopedia of Seventies Music. Virgin. p. 31. ISBN 9780753501542.
- Hoskyns, B. (2006). Across the Great Divide: The Band and America. Hal Leonard. ASIN B001C4QHK0.
- Zurawik (December 12, 1975). "No One Can Beat the Band". The Milwaukee Sentinel. p. 25. Retrieved 2015-06-07.