Acanthastrea echinata

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Acanthastrea echinata
Acanthastrea echinata.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Cnidaria
Class: Anthozoa
Order: Scleractinia
Family: Lobophylliidae
Genus: Acanthastrea
Species: A. echinata
Binomial name
Acanthastrea echinata
Dana, 1846[2]

Acanthastrea echinata is a species of corals in the family Lobophylliidae known commonly as the starry cup coral.[2] It is a wide-ranging species found from the western Indian Ocean, throughout the Pacific Ocean, and eastward to the southeastern Atlantic Ocean. It can inhabit any reef habitat to depths of 50 m. This species, which may become threatened with the global decline of coral reefs, is a popular coral used in aquariums.

Description[edit]

A. echinata colonies crustlike to very thick and reach up to about a meter across. The thick-walled, circular corallites are cerioid or subplocoid. The septa have large teeth. The skeleton is covered with a folded fleshy tissue. They are usually dull in color, coming in shades of gray, brown, or green, but some can be bright and colorful. They are a uniform color or mottled.[3]

Conservation[edit]

This is a very widespread coral and the most common species in genus Acanthastrea. Like other corals, it is threatened by the overall loss of reef habitat, but its abundance makes it resilient as a species. It is also tolerant of a variety of reef habitat conditions, growing successfully at a range of depths and light levels. It is harvested from the wild for use in aquariums.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Turak, E., Sheppard, C. & Wood, E. 2014. Acanthastrea echinata. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. Downloaded on 27 March 2015.
  2. ^ a b Acanthastrea echinata Dana, 1846.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species.
  3. ^ Acanthastrea echinata. Australian Institute of Marine Science Coral Fact Sheets.