Acanthopterygii

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Acanthopterygii
Labidesthes sicculus.jpg
Labidesthes sicculus
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
(unranked): Acanthomorpha
Superorder: Acanthopterygii
Orders

See text.

Acanthopterygii (meaning "spiny finned one") is a superorder of bony fishes in the class Actinopterygii. Members of this superorder are sometimes called ray-finned fishes for the characteristic sharp, bony rays in their fins; however this name is often given to the class Actinopterygii as a whole.

Taxonomy[edit]

Phylogeny[edit]

The cladogram is based on Near et al., 2012[3] and Betancur-Rodriguez et al. 2016.[4]

Acanthopterygii
Berycimorphaceae

Beryciformes (alfonsinos; whalefishes)

Trachichthyiformes (pinecone fishes & slimeheads) Anoplogaster cornuta.jpg

Holocentrimorphaceae

Holocentriformes (Soldier fishes & squirrel fishes)

Percomorpha

Ophidiiformes (cusk-eels) Fawn cusk-eel.jpg

Batrachoidiformes (toadfishes) Opsanus beta 1.jpg

Scombrimopharia

Scombroidei (tunas, mackerel) Scomber scombrus.png

Syngnathiformes (seahorses) Black Sea fauna Seahorse crop.jpg

Gobiomopharia

Kurtiformes (cardinalfishes; nurseryfishes)

Gobiiformes (gobies) Trimma naudei female 23.3 mm, Nha Trang, Vietnam.jpg

Carangimopharia

Synbranchiformes

Anabantiformes

Carangiformes (jacks)

Istiophoriformes (billfish)

Pleuronectiformes (flatfish) Lined sole.jpg

Ovalentariae

Cichliformes

Mugiliformes

Atherinomorphae

Beloniformes

Cyprinodontiformes

Atheriniformes

Blenniimorphae

Gobiesociformes

Blenniiformes FMIB 46186 Butterfly Blenny.jpeg

Percomorpharia

Labridae (wrasses) Novaculichthys taeniourus.jpg

Centrarchiformes (blackbasses, temperate perches) Micropterus salmoides.jpg

Perciformes (perches, seabasses, sticklebacks, etc) Abborre, Iduns kokbok.jpg

Acanthuroidei (surgeonfishes), Leiognathidae (ponyfishes), Chaetodontidae (butterflyfishes) XRF-Acanthurus leucosternon.png

Siganidae (rabbitfishes), Scatophagidae (scats) Scatophagus argus Ford 29.jpg

Lophiiformes (anglerfishes) Humpback anglerfish.png

Tetraodontiformes (pufferfishes) Tetraodon-hispidus.jpg

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ In ITIS, Gobiesociformes is placed as the suborder Gobiesocoidei of the order Perciformes.
  2. ^ In ITIS, Syngnathiformes is placed as the suborder Syngnathoidei of the order Gasterosteiformes.
  3. ^ Thomas J. Near; et al. (2012). "Resolution of ray-finned fish phylogeny and timing of diversification". PNAS. pp. 13698–13703. doi:10.1073/pnas.1206625109.
  4. ^ Betancur-Rodriguez; et al. (2016). "Phylogenetic Classification of Bony Fishes Version 4". Deepfin. Retrieved 30 December 2016.

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]