Acanthus ilicifolius

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Acanthus ilicifolius
Acanthus ilicifolius fruit.jpg
Acanthus ilicifolius
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Family: Acanthaceae
Genus: Acanthus
Species: A. ilicifolius
Binomial name
Acanthus ilicifolius
  • Acanthus ebracteatus Vahl var. xiamenensis (R.T.Zhang) C.Y.Wu & C.C.Hu
  • Acanthus xiamensis R.T.Zhang

Acanthus ilicifolius, commonly known as holly-leaved acanthus, sea holly, and holy mangrove is a species of shrubs or herbs, of the plant family Acanthaceae, native to Australia, Australasia, and Southeast Asia. It is used as medicine in asthma and rheumatism.[2][3]


From Kerala, India

The plant grows as a shrub, up to 2 m tall. It has shallow tap roots and occasionally develops a stilt root. Fruits are kidnet=shaped.[citation needed]

Distribution and habitat[edit]

The species is widespread Southeast Asia, Indochina, Indonesia, the Philippines and northern Australia. It occurs in mangrove habitats.[1]


  1. ^ a b Juffe Bignoli, D. (2011). "Acanthus ilicifolius". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2011: e.T168780A6536949. Retrieved 9 July 2017. 
  2. ^ Pharmacographica indica page 58
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-02-26. Retrieved 2012-01-14. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Acanthus ilicifolius at Wikimedia Commons