Acanthus ilicifolius

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Acanthus ilicifolius
Acanthus ilicifolius fruit.jpg
Acanthus ilicifolius
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Family: Acanthaceae
Genus: Acanthus
Species: A. ilicifolius
Binomial name
Acanthus ilicifolius

Acanthus ilicifolius, commonly known as Holly-leaved Acanthus, Sea Holly, and Holy Mangrove is a species of shrubs or herbs, of the plant family Acanthaceae, native to Australia, Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Macao, Malaysia, Pakistan, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Timor-Leste, Vietnam[1] and Pacific Islands.[2][3] It is a small shrub growing along lakes and marshes and sea shores. It is used as medicine in asthma and rheumatism.[4][5]

Extra Information (TKD)

Scungeut shrubs, up to 2 m tall

Shallow tap roots.

Occasionally stilt root

Stem differentiated into distinct node and inter nodes.

Leaf simple opposite becussate, exspipulate, pulvinous to sheathing, lamia oblong, spiny to very spiny margine and wavy, apex acute

Inflowresence recemose

Flowers bracteates, bisexual, complete, gymorphse, calyx-sepalous, polyscpalos, corolla petals 1, large, vioate, Androecium spamen 4 filament, anther bilobed, basifixed, Gynoecium carpel 2, Synncarpy, chambered, two ovale in each chamber

Fruit capsule, kidney shaped.

Germination epigeal, non vivipatous.


  1. ^
  2. ^ Barker, R. M. (1986). "A taxonomic revision of Australian Acanthaceae" (PDF). Journal of the Adelaide Botanic Gardens. 9: (1–) 64–75 (–286). Retrieved 29 May 2013. 
  3. ^ Hyland, B. P. M.; Whiffin, T.; Zich, F. A.; et al. (Dec 2010). "Factsheet – Acanthus ilicifolius". Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants. Edition 6.1, online version [RFK 6.1]. Cairns, Australia: Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), through its Division of Plant Industry; the Centre for Australian National Biodiversity Research; the Australian Tropical Herbarium, James Cook University. Retrieved 29 May 2013. 
  4. ^ Pharmacographica indica page 58
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-02-26. Retrieved 2012-01-14. 

External links[edit]

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