Accademia di Belle Arti di Firenze
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The Accademia di Belle Arti seen from Piazza San Marco
|Type||Academy of fine arts|
|Students||more than 1200|
|Location||Florence, Tuscany, Italy
The Accademia di Belle Arti di Firenze ("academy of fine arts of Florence") is an instructional art academy in Florence, in Tuscany, in central Italy. It is the oldest and one of the most prestigious art schools in the world.
Today the school offers lectures by visiting artists, instructional museum visits, and lessons taught by professional artists. Like other state art academies in Italy, it became an autonomous degree-awarding institution under law no. 508 dated 21 December 1999, and falls under the Ministero dell'Istruzione, dell'Università e della Ricerca, the Italian ministry of education and research.
The Accademia e Compagnia delle Arti del Disegno, or "academy and company of the arts of drawing", was founded on 13 January 1563 by Cosimo I de' Medici, under the influence of Giorgio Vasari. It was made up of two parts: the Company was a kind of guild for all working artists, while the Academy was for more eminent artistic personalities of Cosimo’s court, and supervised artistic production in Tuscany. It was later called the Accademia delle Arti del Disegno. At first, the Academy met in the cloisters of the Basilica della Santissima Annunziata.
Artists including Michelangelo Buonarroti, Lazzaro Donati, Francesco da Sangallo, Agnolo Bronzino, Benvenuto Cellini, Giorgio Vasari, Bartolomeo Ammannati, and Giambologna were members. Most members of the Accademia were male. Artemisia Gentileschi was the first woman to be admitted; Angelika Kauffmann became a member in 1762.:481
In 1784 Pietro Leopoldo, Grand Duke of Tuscany, combined all the schools of drawing in Florence into one institution, the new Accademia di Belle Arti, or academy of fine arts. It was housed in a former convent in via Ricasoli, premises which it still occupies.
The Accademia Gallery
The Galleria dell'Accademia was founded in 1784; it adjoins the Accademia di Belle Arti in via Ricasoli, but is otherwise unconnected with it. It has housed the original David by Michelangelo since 1873.
- Legge 21 dicembre 1999, n.508: Riforma delle Accademie di belle arti, dell'Accademia nazionale di danza, dell'Accademia nazionale di arte drammatica, degli Istituti superiori per le industrie artistiche, dei Conservatori di musica e degli Istituti musicali pareggiati. Archived October 1, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. (in Italian). Gazzetta Ufficiale, 4 gennaio 2000 n.2. Accessed May 2015.
- Accademie di belle arti (in Italian). Ministero dell'Istruzione, dell'Università e della Ricerca: AFAM – Alta Formazione Artistica, Musicale e Coreutica. Accessed May 2015.
- Accademia delle Arti del Disegno (in Italian). Ministero dei beni e delle attività culturali e del turismo: Direzione Generale per le Biblioteche, gli Istituti Culturali e il Diritto d'Autore. Accessed October 2014.
- Francesco Adorno (1983). Accademie e istituzioni culturali a Firenze (in Italian). Firenze: Olschki.
- Wendy Wassyng Roworth (Spring 2004). Documenting Angelica Kauffman's Life and Art (review). Eighteenth-Century Studies 37 (3): 478–482. doi:10.1353/ecs.2004.0031. (subscription required).
- Z. Wazbinski (1987). L'Accademia medicea del Disegno a Firenze nel Cinquecento (in Italian). Firenze: Olschki.
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- Official website (Italian)