Acceptance

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Combatants accept defeat during World War II

Acceptance in human psychology is a person's assent to the reality of a situation, recognizing a process or condition (often a negative or uncomfortable situation) without attempting to change it or protest it. The concept is close in meaning to acquiescence, derived from the Latin acquiēscere (to find rest in).[1]

Definition[edit]

The term acceptance is a noun with various different meanings.[2] When the person to whom a proposal is made signifies their assent, it is an "acceptance" of their offer, also called an agreement. For example, if someone gives a gift and another receives it, then they have accepted the gift; therefore, having acceptance. Another definition of acceptance has to do with positive welcome and belonging, favor, and endorsement. One approves of something. For instance, one can like someone and accept them due to their approval of that person. Another description is that acceptance can be an act of believing or assenting. The definition overlaps with toleration, but acceptance and tolerance are not synonyms.

Acceptance – "An express act or implication by conduct that manifests assent to the terms of an offer in a manner invited or required by the offer so that a binding contract is formed. The exercise of power conferred by an offer by performance of some act. The act of a person to whom something is offered of tendered by another, whereby the offered demonstrates through an act invited by the offer an intention of retaining the subject of the offer."[3]

Eckhart Tolle, a spiritual teacher, defines acceptance as a "surrender to the Now" response to anything occurring in any moment of life.[4][5] There, strength, peace and serenity are available when one stops struggling to resist, or hang on tightly to what is so in any given moment. What do I have right now? Now what am I experiencing? The point is, can one be sad when one is sad, afraid when afraid, silly when silly, happy when happy, judgmental when judgemental, overthinking when overthinking, serene when serene, etc.

What Tolle teaches is to observe what is happening without telling a story about it. For example, Tolle shares in his book Stillness Speaks[6] how easy it is to confuse a story one tells for the facts of a situation. If someone doesn’t return your call one may say “He didn’t have the decency to return my call.”[7] That is the story one tells. On the other hand, the facts of the situation are “He did not call.”[8] The facts don’t tell a story about the person or make a judgment about the situation. The facts are always neutral. When one observes what is happening there is an awareness brought in and then acceptance of the situation becomes an option that is available at any given moment.

To simplify, acceptance means allowing; allowing unwanted private experiences (thoughts, feelings and urges) to come and go without struggling with them.

Types[edit]

Before any breakdown types, it should be recognized that acceptance is treating whatever happens, the actual event which is the outcome of all combined previous events, as overall the best outcome. Acceptance typically contains the concept of approval; the psycho-spiritual use of the term infers a non-judgmental mindset. Acceptance is contrasted with resistance, a term that has strong political and psychoanalytic connotations that do not apply in most contexts. Groups and individuals can show acceptance of various events and conditions in the world; individuals may accept elements of their own thoughts, feelings, and personal histories. For example, psychotherapeutic treatment of a person with depression or anxiety can involve fostering acceptance either for whatever personal circumstances may give rise to those feelings or for the feelings themselves. Psychotherapy can also involve lessening an individual's acceptance of various situations.[9]

Notions of acceptance are prominent in many faiths and meditation practices. For example, Buddhism's first noble truth, "All life is suffering", invites people to accept that suffering is a natural part of life. The term "Kabbalah" literally means tradition within the Judoist language.[10] Minority groups in society often describe their goal as acceptance, wherein the majority will not marginalize the minority's full participation in society. A majority may be said to tolerate minorities when it confines their participation to certain aspects of society, but not accept them.

Acceptance is the fifth stage of the Kübler-Ross model (commonly known as the "stages of grief").

The book Alcoholics Anonymous describes the importance of acceptance in the treatment of alcoholism. It states that acceptance can be used to resolve situations where a person feels disturbed by a "person, place, thing or situation – some fact of [their] life – [which is] unacceptable to [them]". It claims that an alcoholic person cannot find serenity until they accept that "nothing happens in God's world by mistake" and that the condition of alcoholism must be accepted as a given.[11]

Self-acceptance[edit]

Self-acceptance is being satisfied with one's current self. It is an agreement with oneself to appreciate, validate, and support the self as it is, despite deficiencies and negative past behavior. People have trouble accepting themselves because of guilt, trauma, or a perceived lack of motivation.[12] Some people have the misconception that if one is happy with themselves, it always means that they would not change anything about who they are. Individuals do not have to be unhappy with themselves to know and can actively change things they don't like.[13] To accept yourself means to no longer reject yourself. Being rejected is bad for your health.[14] Protracted feelings of isolation, loneliness, and rejection tend to coincide with deteriorations in physical health, which can be derived from a lack of eating or exercise. It may result in worsened sleep, immune system, and lessened life span compared to those who are surrounded by others who care about them. Loneliness has been a source of chronic stress and associated with impaired cellular immunity.[15]

Social acceptance[edit]

Changes in attitudes toward cohabitation in the US

Social acceptance affects people of all social and age groups. Social acceptance can be defined as tolerating and welcoming the differences and diversity in others because most people attempt to look and act like others do in order to fit in.[16] Data has shown that those with high self-acceptance scores tend to accept others and feel accepted by others.[17]

Children and teenagers tend to desire to be accepted among friends as part of that group, and act upon that desire through peer pressure. Peer pressure sometimes determines how people style their hair and clothing to "look cool". A desire to be accepted by those whose friendship one values can determine their openness towards popular behavior smoking, drinking, swearing, and more.[18] People exhibit and avoid certain behaviors out of the desire for the approval of their friends, which may include drinking or taking drugs.

When it comes to mental disorders, social acceptance plays a big role in recovery. Many people don't understand mental illness, so they are unsure of how to embrace people who have a disease, leaving these people with feelings of isolation in friend groups.[19] Being accepted by a friend and having support can help with mental health and give a healthy sense of self.[20]

Conditional[edit]

Standards specify acceptable and hazardous gaps in infant beds

A type of acceptance that requires modification of the initial conditions before the final acceptance is made, is called conditional acceptance, or qualified acceptance.[21] For example, a contract that needs to be accepted from two parties may be adjusted or modified so that it fits both parties' satisfactions. A person has been made an offer that they are willing to agree on as long as some changes are made in its terms or that some conditions or event occurs gives conditional acceptance. In a contract that is made from a business to the employer, both parties may change and modify the contract until both parties agree or accept the details in the business contract.

Expressed[edit]

Expressed acceptance involves making an overt and unambiguous acceptance of the set conditions. For example, a person clearly and explicitly agrees to an offer. They accept the terms without any changes.[22]

Implied[edit]

Implied acceptance has one's intent to consent to the presented conditions made. Acceptance is implied by demonstrating any act indicating a person's assent to the proposed bargain. If a person selects an item in a department store and pays the cashier for it, the person thereby indicates that they agree to the offer of the item for the price stated on the price tag.[23]

Beliefs[edit]

Acceptance is fundamental to the core beliefs of most Abrahamic religions: the word "Islam" can be translated as "acceptance", "surrender" or "voluntary submission",[24][25] and Christianity is based upon the "acceptance" of Jesus of Nazareth as the Christ and acceptance of God's will. Religions and psychological treatments often suggest a path of acceptance when a situation is both disliked and fated, or when change may be possible only at great cost or risk. Acceptance may imply only a lack of outward, behavioral attempts at possible change, but the word is also used more specifically for a felt or hypothesized cognitive or emotional state.

Within Christian beliefs, acceptance is characterized as embracing the reality of a situation based on one's trust in God's perfect will and control. In the Muslim community, acceptance of Allah is similar to people that are considered Christian and how they accept God as their higher being (Bates, 2002). Jewish people accept the Commandments as a way to live and have a good and fulfilling life (McDowell and Stewart, 1983).

Beliefs and acceptance overlap in meaning. Belief is taking something as true or it to be the way it is. The acceptance of one's beliefs is important to show commitment and structure of one's life. Not only is it vital for survival, but it is used in everyday relationships.[26] Being accepted by a friend has shown to positively affect an individual's self-esteem, well-being, and emotional outlook.[27] Without acceptance, it could lead to a host of psychological issues.[28] The inclusion of ATMs has increased acceptance to 1.4 million acceptance points in Germany in 2020.[29]

Bibliography[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Acquiesce - Define Acquiesce at Dictionary.com". Dictionary.com.
  2. ^ "Acceptance - Definition and More from the Free Merriam-Webster Dictionary". merriam-webster.com.
  3. ^ Chirelstein, Marvin (2001). Concepts and Case Analysis in the Law of Contracts. New York: Foundation. ISBN 1587781972.
  4. ^ Brey, Robin L. (January 2008). "The Power of Music". Neurology Now. 4 (1): 7. doi:10.1097/01.nnn.0000311163.40929.d2. ISSN 1553-3271.
  5. ^ Tolle, Eckhart (1999). Practicing the Power of Now. Vancouver, British Columbia: Namaste Publishing. p. 107. ISBN 978-1-57731-195-9.
  6. ^ Tolle, Eckhart (2003). Stillness Speaks. Vancouver, Canada: Namaste Publishing. pp. 1–158. ISBN 978-1-57731-400-4.
  7. ^ Tolle, Eckhart (2003). Stillness Speaks. Vancouver, Canada: Namaste Publishing. p. 148. ISBN 978-1-57731-400-4.
  8. ^ Tolle, Eckhart (2003). Stillness Speaks. Vancouver, Canada: Namaste Publishing. p. 149. ISBN 978-1-57731-400-4.
  9. ^ Arieti, Silvano (1962-07-01). "The Psychotherapeutic Approach to Depression". American Journal of Psychotherapy. 16 (3): 397–406. doi:10.1176/appi.psychotherapy.1962.16.3.397. ISSN 0002-9564. PMID 13862271.
  10. ^ "Kabbalah: A Brief History". Kabbalah: A Guide for the Perplexed: 11–41. 2011. doi:10.5040/9781472548610.ch-002. ISBN 9781472548610.
  11. ^ Dr. Paul O, "The big book of Alcoholics Anonymous" P449, 3rd ed or P417, 4th ed.
  12. ^ Goff, Ashley (2010-09-22). "The Mindful Path to Self-Compassion: Freeing Yourself from Destructive Thoughts and Emotions Christopher K. Germer New York: The Guilford Press, 2009. pp. 306. £10.95 (pb). ISBN: 978-1-59385-975-6". Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy. 39 (1): 126–127. doi:10.1017/s1352465810000615. ISSN 1352-4658. S2CID 147229080.
  13. ^ Levin, Ginger (June 2014). "HBR's 10 Must Reads On Change Management". Project Management Journal. 45 (3): e1. doi:10.1002/pmj.21413. ISSN 8756-9728.
  14. ^ Malamut, Sarah T.; Garandeau, Claire F.; Badaly, Daryaneh; Duong, Mylien; Schwartz, David (May 2022). "Is aggression associated with biased perceptions of one's acceptance and rejection in adolescence?". Developmental Psychology. 58 (5): 963–976. doi:10.1037/dev0001333. ISSN 1939-0599.
  15. ^ Mushtaq, Raheel; Shoib, Sheikh; Shah, Tabindah; Mushtaq, Sahil (September 2014). "Relationship Between Loneliness, Psychiatric Disorders and Physical Health ? A Review on the Psychological Aspects of Loneliness". Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. 8 (9): WE01–WE04. doi:10.7860/JCDR/2014/10077.4828. ISSN 2249-782X. PMC 4225959. PMID 25386507.
  16. ^ Wüstenhagen, Rolf; Wolsink, Maarten; Bürer, Mary Jean (May 2007). "Social acceptance of renewable energy innovation: An introduction to the concept". Energy Policy. 35 (5): 2683–2691. doi:10.1016/j.enpol.2006.12.001. ISSN 0301-4215.
  17. ^ Fey, William F. (March 1955). "Acceptance by others and its relation to acceptance of self and others: a revaluation". The Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology. 50 (2): 274–276. doi:10.1037/h0046876. ISSN 0096-851X. PMID 14366895.
  18. ^ "Drinking, smoking causes early heart problems". KREM. KREM. 30 August 2018. Retrieved 29 October 2018.
  19. ^ Witvliet, Miranda; Brendgen, Mara; van Lier, Pol A. C.; Koot, Hans M.; Vitaro, Frank (1 November 2010). "Early Adolescent Depressive Symptoms: Prediction from Clique Isolation, Loneliness, and Perceived Social Acceptance". Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology. 38 (8): 1045–1056. doi:10.1007/s10802-010-9426-x. ISSN 1573-2835.
  20. ^ Cleary, Michelle; Lees, David; Sayers, Jan (2018-03-04). "Friendship and Mental Health". Issues in Mental Health Nursing. 39 (3): 279–281. doi:10.1080/01612840.2018.1431444. ISSN 0161-2840. PMID 29465280. S2CID 3428832.
  21. ^ Richards, Jerald (1995). "Gandhi's Qualified Acceptance of Violence". Acorn. 8 (2): 5–16. doi:10.5840/acorn1995822. ISSN 1092-6534.
  22. ^ Grover, Kristin W.; Miller, Carol T. (March 2012). "Does Expressed Acceptance Reflect Genuine Attitudes? A Bogus Pipeline Study of the Effects of Mortality Salience on Acceptance of a Person With AIDS". The Journal of Social Psychology. 152 (2): 131–135. doi:10.1080/00224545.2011.593589.
  23. ^ Bowerman, William R. (April 1973). "Attribution of Responsibility Implied in a Notice of Acceptance or Rejection". Psychological Reports. 32 (2): 467–472. doi:10.2466/pr0.1973.32.2.467. ISSN 0033-2941. Retrieved 22 June 2022.
  24. ^ Lewis, Bernard Ellis; Churchill, Buntzie Ellis (2009). Islam: The Religion and the People. Pearson Education Inc. p. 8. ISBN 9780132716062.
  25. ^ "What does ISLAM mean?". The Friday Journal. qaem.org. Archived from the original on 14 March 2011. Retrieved 13 April 2012.
  26. ^ Israelstam, Kenneth V. (1989). "Interacting Individual Belief Systems in Marital Relationships". Journal of Marital and Family Therapy. 15 (1): 53–63. doi:10.1111/j.1752-0606.1989.tb00776.x. ISSN 1752-0606. PMID 21118432.
  27. ^ Arslan, Gökmen (2018-04-01). "Psychological Maltreatment, Social Acceptance, Social Connectedness, and Subjective Well-Being in Adolescents". Journal of Happiness Studies. 19 (4): 983–1001. doi:10.1007/s10902-017-9856-z. ISSN 1573-7780. S2CID 151431635.
  28. ^ Butler, Jodie; Ciarrochi, Joseph (2007-02-01). "Psychological acceptance and quality of life in the elderly". Quality of Life Research. 16 (4): 607–615. doi:10.1007/s11136-006-9149-1. ISSN 1573-2649. PMID 17268930. S2CID 9762200.
  29. ^ "Akzeptanzstellen für Karten mit Zahlungsfunktion bis 2020". Statista (in German). Retrieved 2022-11-05.

External links[edit]

  1. ^ Jakub, Tencl (11 December 2014). Power of lovefullness : the method of self-acceptance (Updated second release ed.). [England]. ISBN 9781511644327. OCLC 930772066.