Accessory meningeal artery

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Accessory meningeal artery
Plan of branches of maxillary artery (accessory meningeal visible top left)
Assessory meningeal artery.png
Plan of branches of maxillary artery
Source Maxillary artery
Supplies Meninges
Latin Ramus accessorius arteriae meningeae mediae
TA A12.2.05.062
FMA 49715
Anatomical terminology

The accessory meningeal artery (also accessory branch of middle meningeal artery, pterygomeningeal artery, small meningeal or parvidural branch) is a branch of the maxillary artery, sometimes derived from the middle meningeal artery.


It enters the skull through the foramen ovale, and supplies the semilunar ganglion and dura mater.


Only about 10% of the blood flowing through this artery reaches intracranial structures.[1] The remaining blood flow is dispersed to extracranial structures around the infratemporal fossa.

Reflecting this fact, Terminologia Anatomica lists entries for both "accessory branch of middle meningeal artery" and "pterygomeningeal artery".[2]


This article incorporates text in the public domain from the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy (1918)

  1. ^ Vitek J (1989). "Accessory meningeal artery: an anatomic misnomer.". AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 10 (3): 569–73. PMID 2501989. 
  2. ^ Federative Committee on Anatomical Termi (1998). Terminologia Anatomica: International Anatomical Terminology. Thieme Stuttgart. ISBN 3-13-114361-4. 

External links[edit]

  • Dilenge D, Géraud G (1976). "Accessory meningeal artery.". Acta Radiol Suppl. 347: 63–9. PMID 207149. 
  • lesson4 at The Anatomy Lesson by Wesley Norman (Georgetown University) (infratempfossaart)