Accessory pancreatic duct

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"Pancreatic duct of Santorini" redirects here. For the pancreatic duct of Wirsung, also known as the main pancreatic duct, see Pancreatic duct.
Accessory pancreatic duct
The pancreatic duct.
Latin ductus pancreaticus accessorius
Gray's p.1203
TA A05.9.01.017
FMA 14534
Anatomical terminology
1. Bile ducts: 2. Intrahepatic bile ducts, 3. Left and right hepatic ducts, 4. Common hepatic duct, 5. Cystic duct, 6. Common bile duct, 7. Ampulla of Vater, 8. Major duodenal papilla
9. Gallbladder, 10–11. Right and left lobes of liver. 12. Spleen.
13. Esophagus. 14. Stomach. Small intestine: 15. Duodenum, 16. Jejunum
17. Pancreas: 18: Accessory pancreatic duct, 19: Pancreatic duct.
20–21: Right and left kidneys (silhouette).
The anterior border of the liver is lifted upwards (brown arrow). Gallbladder with Longitudinal section, pancreas and duodenum with frontal one. Intrahepatic ducts and stomach in transparency.

Most people have just one pancreatic duct. However, some have an additional accessory pancreatic duct also called the Duct of Santorini, which connects straight to the duodenum at the minor duodenal papilla. Both these ducts connect to the second part (the vertical segment) of the duodenum.

However, the Duct of Santorini, which bypasses the Ampulla of Vater, is non-functional whereas the Duct of Wirsung is functional and carries the digestive enzymes released by the pancreas[citation needed].

In some cases, the main pancreatic duct is smaller than the accessory pancreatic duct and the two may not be connected. In such people, the accessory duct carries most of the pancreatic juice.

It is named for Giovanni Domenico Santorini.[1][2]


  1. ^ synd/3087 at Who Named It?
  2. ^ G. D. Santorini. Observationes anatomicae. Venetiis, apus J. B. Recurti, 1724

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