Accokeek, Maryland

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Accokeek
Location in Prince George's County
Location in Prince George's County
Location of Prince George's County in Maryland
Location of Prince George's County in Maryland
Accokeek is located in the United States
Accokeek
Accokeek
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 38°40′35″N 77°00′01″W / 38.67639°N 77.00028°W / 38.67639; -77.00028Coordinates: 38°40′35″N 77°00′01″W / 38.67639°N 77.00028°W / 38.67639; -77.00028
CountryUnited States of America
StateMaryland
CountyPrince George's
First settledc. 1200
Founded1608
Designated CDP1990
Government
 • TypeUnincorporated
Area
(2017)[1]
 • Total28.794 sq mi (74.57537 km2)
 • Land27.427 sq mi (71.03506 km2)
 • Water1.367 sq mi (3.54031 km2)
Elevation
194 ft (59 m)
Population
 • Total10,573
 • Rank118th[2]
 • Density370/sq mi (140/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
20607
Area code301, 240
FIPS code24-00250
GNIS feature ID596993

Accokeek (/ɑːkˈəkk/), "at the edge of the hill" in Algonquin,[3] is a census-designated place (CDP) located in Prince George's County, Maryland, United States. The CDP is located on the Potomac River, borders Charles County and is approximately 17 miles from Washington, D.C. It is a part of the Washington metropolitan area. The population of the CDP, as of the 2010 United States Census was 10,573, making it the 118th most populous place in the state of Maryland.

While the area around Accokeek was occupied by Native Americans since approximately 2,000 BCE, John Smith was the first European to settle the area in 1608. In 1990, the United States Census Bureau officially made Accokeek a CDP.

History[edit]

The area around Accokeek had been occupied since around 2000 BC; however, the first permanent village was established in c. 1200 AD by the Piscataway tribe.[4] Captain John Smith was the first European to see the Accokeek area. In 1608, he sailed the Potomac River and found the Moyaone village.[5] At the time of the discovery, Moyaone was the seat of government for the Piscataway Tribe.[6] The village of Moyaone disbanded and the population migrated to other tribes before other Europeans settled the area.[7]

In mid-17th century, settlers were purchasing large plots of land for farming. The Native Americans were upset that the settlers were wearing-out the land due to farming various crops, which led to multiple battles between the two. Between 1675 and 1682, the Native Americans left the area as a result of losing.[4]

In 1861, Accokeek was still rural, and agriculture was the main economic factor for the place. Tobacco was the main crop planted.[8] During the American Civil War (1861–1865), Accokeek took the side of the Confederacy. According to the 1860 Census, the area around Accokeek had a slave population of 1,600 (52.6%). There were multiple Confederate spies in the area, including Thomas Harbin who open a hotel in the area and had plans to kidnap then-President Abraham Lincoln.[9]

Henry and Alice Ferguson settled in Accokeek when they purchased Hard Bargain Farm overlooking the Potomac River in 1922 as a vacation retreat.[10] Between 1935–39 Alice Ferguson initiated archaeological excavations. A fort from the Susquehannock people, which was demolished in 1675, was found.[11] In 1957, US Senator Frances P. Bolton founded the Accokeek Foundation. The Foundation was used to purchase 200 acres (81 ha) of land in Piscataway Park to help preserve the area.[12]

In 1960, the Washington Suburban Sanitary Commission (WSSC) wanted to build a water treatment plant in Mockley Point, which was Accokeek shoreline. Since it would disrupt the view of Mount Vernon and Fort Washington Park, various people and organizations protested against it.[4] In 1961, a law was signed by President John F. Kennedy in order to designate 133 acres (54 ha) around Mockley Point as a national landmark. Both the Accokeek Foundation and the Alice Ferguson Foundation donated another 505 acres (204 ha) to the landmark.[13] As a result, WSSC was not allowed to build the plant there;[4] however, a plant was built in the 1960s in the surrounding area.[14][15]

In 1990, Accokeek officially became a CDP when the US Census Bureau defined the place's boundaries.[16] In 2008, eight people were killed in an illegal street race.[17]

Geography[edit]

Accokeek is located in the Southern United States,[18] in Southern Maryland,[19] and approximately 17 miles (27 km) from Washington, D.C..[20] To the north, Accokeek borders the CDPs of Fort Washington and Clinton; to the east, it borders the CDP of Brandywine; to the south, it borders the CDPs of Bryans Road, Bensville, and Waldorf, all of which are located in Charles County; and to the west, it borders the Potomac River, which flows into the Chesapeake Bay.[21][22]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the place has a total area of 28.803 square miles (74.60 km2), of which 27.436 square miles (71.06 km2) is land and 1.367 square miles (3.54 km2) is water.[23] Accokeek has an average elevation of 194 feet (59 m).[24]

Climate[edit]

According to the Köppen climate classification system, Accokeek is considered to have a humid subtropical climate (Cfa).[25] This means Accokeek's average temperature of the warmest month is above 72 °F (22 °C), the average temperature of the coldest month is below between 27 to 64 °F (−3 to 18 °C), and rain is equally spread out through the year.[26]

There is more precipitation in the area during the months of May and July (4.1 inch; 104 mm) than in any other month; Accokeek currently has an annual precipitation of 39 inches (1,009 mm) each year. July is the hottest month, on average; the hottest recorded temperature occurred in July 1954 and September 1983. January is the coldest month, and the lowest recorded temperature was recorded in January 1950.[27]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
19803,894
19904,47715.0%
20007,34964.2%
201010,57343.9%
Source: U.S. Census Bureau[28][29]

As of the 2010 census, there were 10,573 people, 3,601 households, and 2,835 families residing in the city. The population density was 385.5 inhabitants per square mile. There were 3,816 housing units at an average density of 139.1 per square mile. Accokeek is a part of the Washington Metropolitan Area,[30] in which Accokeek contains approximately 0.19% of the MSA's population.[29]

There were 3,601 households of which 34.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.8% were married couples living together, 11.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.5% had a male householder with no wife present, and 21.3% were non-families. 16.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.94, and the average family size was 3.29.[29]

The median age of the city was 41.2 years. 24.3% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.6% were between the age of 18 and 24; 25.5% were from 25 to 44; 33.5% were from 45 to 64; and 9.2% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.2% males and 50.8% female. The racial makeup of the city was 64.4% African American, 24.9% White, 0.02% Native American, 5.5% Asian, 1.9% other races, and 2.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.7% of the population. As of 2013, 92.8% (9,690) of Accokeek residents spoke English at home as a primary language, while 3.2% (335) spoke Spanish and 2.4% (253) spoke Tagalog. In total, 7.1% (750) of Accokeek's population age five and older spoke another language other than English.[29]

Economy[edit]

According to the 2014 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Accokeek has a median household income of $126,000, which is 2.35-times the United States' average of 53,482 and 1.69-times the State of Maryland's average of $74,149. The top industry is public administration (26.9%), followed by professional, scientific, and management, and administrative and waste management services (20.2%). Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and mining (0.2%) is the smallest industry. The unemployment rate of Accokeek was estimated to be 6.7%.[29]

Italian arms company Beretta opened a factory in Accokeek in 1978. It won a federal contract to produce M9 pistols for the military in 1985.[31] As of 2007, the company employed approximately 220 people, making it the largest employer in Accokeek.[32] In 2013, as a response to Maryland's Firearm Safety Act, Beretta closed the factory and moved operations to Gallatin, Tennessee in 2016.[33][34]

Parks and recreation[edit]

The following sites located at Accokeek are included on the National Register of Historic Places:

[35] Name on the Register Image Date listed[36] Location Description
1 Accokeek Creek Site
Accokeek Creek Site
October 15, 1966
(#66000909)
Address restricted
Site of a palisaded village that was occupied from ca. A.D. 1300 to ca. 1630.
2 Bellevue
Bellevue
August 21, 1986
(#86001738)
200 Manning Rd E
38°39′42″N 77°00′11″W / 38.661734°N 77.0029897°W / 38.661734; -77.0029897 (Bellevue)
Greek Revival style home constructed about 1840.
3 Hard Bargain Farm
Hard Bargain Farm
October 8, 2014
(#14000839)
2001 Bryan Point Road
38°41′21″N 77°02′41″W / 38.689166666666665°N 77.04472222222222°W / 38.689166666666665; -77.04472222222222 (Hard Bargain Farm)
Former country estate and working farm of Alice and Henry Ferguson
4 Piscataway Park
Piscataway Park
October 15, 1966
(#66000144)
East of Potomac River, south of Piscataway Creek, in Prince George's and Charles Counties
38°40′43″N 77°05′34″W / 38.67861111111111°N 77.09277777777777°W / 38.67861111111111; -77.09277777777777 (Piscataway Park)
Location of Marshall Hall and the National Colonial Farm.

Government[edit]

Prince George's County Police Department District 5 Station in Clinton CDP and District 7 Station in Fort Washington CDP serve the community.[37][38]

The U.S. Postal Service operates the Accokeek Post Office.[39]

Education[edit]

According to the US Census' American Community Survey, 2.59% of the population from 25 to 64 years has less than a high school diploma, 26.17% have a high school diploma, 30.32% have some college of associate degree, and 40.90% have a bachelor's degree or higher.[29]

Primary and secondary schools[edit]

Accokeek Academy

Accokeek is under the Prince George's County Public Schools district.[40]

It has one public school, Accokeek Academy,[41] which serves all of the CDP for elementary and middle school.[42][43] It was formed in 2009 by the merger of Henry G. Ferguson Elementary School, built in 1963, and Eugene Burroughs Middle School,[44] built in 1966.[45] The newly merged school retained separate elementary and middle school campuses.[44] In 2010 the school had a total of 1,178 students, with 553 at the elementary campus and 625 at the middle school campus.[45] In 2011 the elementary school population had increased to 570. In a period after 2011 the fifth grade was moved to the middle school complex for two reasons: The first was so Burroughs middle school could have a higher occupancy rate, giving it eligibility for renovation funds from the State of Maryland. The second was to alleviate overcrowding in the original elementary building, which had a capacity of about 410 students; the middle school building had a capacity of 805 students.[44]

Even though initially some parents advocated for having a single combined PK-8 building,[45] the district instead chose to rebuild the elementary building; a study from 2008 had described the elementary building as having one of the poorest states of repair in the PGCPS system.[44] The school planned to construct a more than 3,000-square-foot (280 m2), two story facility.[45] After the scheduled completion of the new elementary building in August 2013, the district planned to temporarily house the middle school students there while the middle school building is renovated, and in 2014 put the students in their respective permanent buildings. In addition PGCPS planned to establish a walkway between the two buildings.[44] The State of Maryland was to spend over $7 million while PGCPS was to spend fewer than $19 million, so the total cost was over $26 million.[46]

All of the CDP is zoned to Gwynn Park High School, located in Brandywine CDP.[47] There is also a private school, Accokeek College Preparatory School, the secondary school campus of The Beddow Schools.[48]

From 1950 to 1964, during the era of legally-required racial segregation of schools, black students from Accokeek attended Fairmont Heights High School, then near Fairmount Heights.[49]

Public libraries[edit]

Prince George's County Memorial Library System operates the Accokeek Library Branch.[50]

Transportation[edit]

A picture from a vehicle located on MD 210, with an exit to MD 228 located on the right

The State of Maryland's MTA Maryland operates two express commuter buses, routes 640 and 650, which operate from Waldorf or La Plata, stopping in Accokeek en route to Washington, D.C.[51] . There are currently no Interstate Highways in Accokeek; however there are four state highways:[52]

Notable people[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ https://www2.census.gov/geo/docs/maps-data/data/gazetteer/2017_Gazetteer/2017_gaz_place_24.txt
  2. ^ United States Census Bureau 2012, p. 43
  3. ^ Bryson 2013, back cover
  4. ^ a b c d Meringolo, Denise (Winter 2008). "The Accokeek Foundation and Piscataway Park". CRM: The Journal of Heritage Stewardship. Washington DC: National Park Service. 5 (1). Archived from the original on April 1, 2016. Retrieved April 1, 2016.
  5. ^ "Accokeek Creek Site". Ann Arbor, Michigan: University of Michigan. Retrieved April 13, 2016.[permanent dead link]
  6. ^ Lutz, Lara (December 1, 2008). "Piscataway Park's Role Evolved from Saving a View to Sharing a Point of View". Bay Journal. Seven Valleys, Pennsylvania: Chesapeake Media Service. Retrieved April 13, 2016.
  7. ^ "People, Tribes, and Bands". Maryland Government. Retrieved May 6, 2016.
  8. ^ Bryson 2013, p. 30
  9. ^ Bryson 2013, p. 7
  10. ^ Brown, DeNeen (December 15, 2013). "At Hard Bargain Farm, City Kids make Connections with the Natural World". The Washington Post. Washington, DC. Archived from the original on April 12, 2016. Retrieved April 12, 2016.
  11. ^ Grumet 1995, p. 254
  12. ^ Lutz, Lara (November 1, 2005). "Piscataway Park, Rooted in Farming of Past, Sows Seeds for Future". Bay Journal. Seven Valleys, Pennsylvania: Chesapeake Media Service. Retrieved April 27, 2016.
  13. ^ "Udall Accepts Gift of Land Along Potomac". The Free Lance–Star. August 28, 1962. Retrieved May 11, 2016.
  14. ^ "WSSC History". Washington Suburban Sanitary Commission. Retrieved May 11, 2016.
  15. ^ "Sanitary Sewer Overflow Piscataway Wastewater Treatment Plant, Accokeek, Maryland". Washington Suburban Sanitary Commission. January 30, 2008. Retrieved May 11, 2016.
  16. ^ Bryon 2013, p. 8
  17. ^ Graff, Michael (June 4, 2015). "Two Lanes to Accokeek". SB Nation. Vox Media. Retrieved May 11, 2016.
  18. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census Regions and Divisions of the United States" (PDF). Suitland, Maryland: United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 18, 2016.
  19. ^ "Birding in Maryland". Annapolis, Maryland: Maryland Department of Natural Resources. Retrieved April 18, 2016.
  20. ^ "Distance from Accokeek, MD to Washington, DC". Distance Between Cities. Retrieved April 19, 2016.
  21. ^ "Prince George's County, Maryland: Census Incorporated Places & Census Designated Places" (PDF). Baltimore, Maryland: Maryland Department of Planning. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-11-18. Retrieved April 25, 2016.
  22. ^ "Charles County, Maryland: Census Incorporated Places & Census Designated Places" (PDF). Baltimore, Maryland: Maryland Department of Planning. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-11-18. Retrieved April 25, 2016.
  23. ^ "2014 Gazetteer: Maryland". Suitland, Maryland: United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 12, 2016. Retrieved April 12, 2016.
  24. ^ "Feature Detail Report for: Accokeek". Reston, Virginia: United States Geological Survey. Archived from the original on April 12, 2016. Retrieved April 12, 2016.
  25. ^ Kottek, Markus; Grieser, Jurgen; Beck, Christoph; Rudolf, Bruno; Rubel, Granz (June 2006). "World Map of the Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification Updated" (PDF). Meteorologische Zeitschrift. Stuttgart, Germany: Gebruder Borntraeger Verlagsbuchhandlung. 15 (3): 259–263. doi:10.1127/0941-2948/2006/0130. Archived (PDF) from the original on April 12, 2016. Retrieved April 12, 2016.
  26. ^ The Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica (March 14, 2016). "Humid Subtropical Climate". Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. Archived from the original on May 9, 2016. Retrieved May 9, 2016.
  27. ^ a b "Accokeek, MD (20607)". Atlanta, Georgia: The Weather Channel. Archived from the original on April 12, 2016. Retrieved April 2, 2016.
  28. ^ United States Census Bureau 1992, p. 21
  29. ^ a b c d e f "Community Facts". Suitland, Maryland: United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on November 21, 2014. Retrieved April 12, 2016.
  30. ^ Revised Delineations of Metropolitan Statistical Areas, Micropolitan Statistical Areas, and Combined Statistical Areas, and Guidance on Uses of the Delineations of These Areas (PDF) (Report). Washington, D.C.: Office of Management and Budget. February 28, 2013. p. 51. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 8, 2016. Retrieved April 25, 2016.
  31. ^ Meyer, Eugene; Sugawara, Sandra (November 1, 1989). "Army's Big Guns Engaged in Battle with Beretta USA". The Pittsburgh Press. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. p. C9. Retrieved April 1, 2016.
  32. ^ Gutierrez, Liza (June 14, 2007). "Beretta Gunning for Growth in Accokeek". The Gazette. Gaithersburg, Maryland: Post Community Media LLC. Archived from the original on May 10, 2016. Retrieved May 10, 2016.
  33. ^ Smith, Aaron (December 17, 2015). "Why Beretta is Moving its Gun Factory to Tennessee". Atlanta, Georgia: CNNMoney. Retrieved April 1, 2016.
  34. ^ Cross, Josh (April 15, 2016). "Beretta Opens Gun plant in Gallatin". The Tennessean. Nashville, Tennessee: Gannett Company. Retrieved May 10, 2016.
  35. ^ Numbers represent an ordering by significant words. Various colorings, defined here, differentiate National Historic Landmarks and historic districts from other NRHP buildings, structures, sites or objects.
  36. ^ The eight-digit number below each date is the number assigned to each location in the National Register Information System database, which can be viewed by clicking the number.
  37. ^ "District 5 Station - Clinton." Prince George's County Police Department. Retrieved on September 9, 2018. " 6707 Groveton Drive Clinton, MD 20735". Beat map. See 2010 U.S. Census index map of Clinton CDP: area with police station is on the edge of page 6 with surroundings on page 5.
  38. ^ "District 7- Fort Washingtion [sic]." Prince George's County Police Department. Retrieved on September 9, 2018. "11108 Fort Washington Road Fort Washington, MD 20744". Beat map. 2010 U.S. Census Bureau map of Fort Washington CDP.
  39. ^ "ACCOKEEK." U.S. Postal Service. Retrieved on September 11, 2018. "16405 LIVINGSTON RD ACCOKEEK, MD 20607-9997"
  40. ^ "2010 CENSUS - CENSUS BLOCK MAP (INDEX): Accokeek CDP, MD." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on September 2, 2018. Pages: 1, 2, and 3. The CDP previously was smaller: "CENSUS 2000 BLOCK MAP: ACCOKEEK CDP." The 1990 Prince George's County Census Bureau map (index map) shows Accokeek CDP on pages 32, 33, 34, 38, 39, 40, and 44.
  41. ^ "Search for Public Schools". Washington, DC: National Center for Education Statistics. Archived from the original on April 12, 2016. Retrieved April 12, 2016.
  42. ^ "NEIGHBORHOOD ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS AND BOUNDARIES SCHOOL YEAR 2018-2019." Prince George's County Public Schools. Retrieved on September 2, 2018.
  43. ^ "NEIGHBORHOOD MIDDLE SCHOOLS AND BOUNDARIES SCHOOL YEAR 2018-2019." Prince George's County Public Schools. Retrieved on September 2, 2018.
  44. ^ a b c d e Brownback, Abby (2011-03-17). "Accokeek Academy could get money for new building". The Gazette. Retrieved 2018-09-08.
  45. ^ a b c d Garner, Joshua (2010-09-23). "Plans for new Accokeek school get mixed reactions". The Gazette. Retrieved 2018-09-08.
  46. ^ Gross, Daniel J. (2012-05-22). "Accokeek Academy breaks ground on new building". The Gazette. Archived from the original on 2015-04-03. Retrieved 2018-09-08.
  47. ^ "NEIGHBORHOOD HIGH SCHOOLS AND BOUNDARIES SCHOOL YEAR 2018-2019." Prince George's County Public Schools. Retrieved on September 2, 2018.
  48. ^ "Search for Public Schools". Washington, DC: National Center for Education Statistics. Archived from the original on April 12, 2016. Retrieved April 12, 2016.
  49. ^ "Fairmont Heights High School History". Fairmont Heights High School. 2018-09-04. Archived from the original on 2005-10-04. Retrieved 2018-09-04.
  50. ^ "Accokeek Branch." Prince George's County Memorial Library System. Retrieved on September 8, 2018.
  51. ^ Maryland Transit Authority (August 7, 2011). "906 Express Commuter Bus" (PDF). Baltimore, Maryland: Maryland Transit Authority. p. 1. Archived (PDF) from the original on April 12, 2016. Retrieved April 12, 2016.
  52. ^ Maryland State Highway Administration (July 7, 2015). "2014 Calendar Year Highway Location Reference All intersections Data as of December 31, 2014: Prince George's County" (PDF). Baltimore, Maryland: Maryland State Highway Administration. Archived (PDF) from the original on April 12, 2016. Retrieved April 12, 2016.
  53. ^ "Jarrett Hurd: I'm Turning A lot of Non-Believers into Believers - Boxing News". Boxingscene.com. 2017-02-22. Retrieved 2017-02-26.

References[edit]

External links[edit]