Accountability software

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Accountability software, or shameware,[1] is a type of surveillance software that records the user's Internet activity and reports it to another person, often called an accountability partner. This person is often, but not necessarily, an authority figure, such as a parent, teacher, spouse or religious leader.[2] The purpose of such software is to change the user's behavior by exposing them to shame and possibly other consequences for Internet activity that the authority figure deems inappropriate, such as viewing pornography.[1]

Accountability software typically functions by continuously making screenshots of the user's mobile phone or computer screen and monitoring their internet traffic. It checks both for keywords (such as "gay" or "porn") and images associated with the behavior the software is intended to detect. If such content is found, the software generates a report that is transmitted to the authority figure controlling the software, who may then confront the user about their activity. The software may also double as content-control software.

As of 2022, a "multimillion-dollar ecosystem"[1] of accountability software products exists, marketed to parents and churches. The largest users of accountability software are religious groups and families.[3] Products in this field include Fortify, Accountable2You, EverAccountable, and Covenant Eyes; there are also free options, including Net Responsibility (for Mac OS and Linux) and the free version of X3watch (for Windows and Mac OS).

Most of these products implement a "zero-tolerance" approach to pornography, and some are marketed as a way to combat "pornography addiction", as in the case of Covenant Eyes,[4] which made roughly US$4 million in 2008, from around 56,000 subscriptions.[5] Following a Wired report in 2022, Google removed Covenant Eyes and Accountable2You from the Google Play store because these apps used accessibility functionalities for surveillance purposes in a manner prohibited by Google,[1] but Covenant Eyes was later reinstated.[6]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d Mehrotra, Dhruv (22 September 2022). "The Ungodly Surveillance of Anti-Porn 'Shameware' Apps". Wired. ISSN 1059-1028.
  2. ^ Leland, John (2 May 2010). "Church Counsels Women Addicted to Pornography". New York Times. Archived from the original on 11 August 2023.
  3. ^ Behun, Richard Joseph; Sweeney, Valerie; Delmonico, David L.; Griffin, Elizabeth J. (2012). "Filtering and Monitoring Internet Content: A Primer for Helping Professionals". Sexual Addiction & Compulsivity. 19 (1–2): 140–155. doi:10.1080/10720162.2012.666425. ISSN 1072-0162. S2CID 55379595. These tools are especially popular with religious groups and families.
  4. ^ Talley, Scott (14 November 2021). "Accountability company's mission is unique. So is its employee-friendly nature". Detroit Free Press.
  5. ^ Ronald DeHaas (CEO) (21 July 2007). "Technology Submission to Internet Safety Technical Task Force at Berkman Klein Center for Internet & Society at Harvard University" (PDF). Covenant Eyes, Inc.
  6. ^ Gabbatt, Adam (6 November 2023). "Mike Johnson says in resurfaced video he uses app that helps people 'quit porn'". The Guardian.