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Accountant General or Accountant-General is, or was, the name of a government post in several countries.
The Accountant-General was formerly an officer in the English Court of Chancery who received all moneys lodged in court, deposited them in a bank, and disbursed them. The office was abolished by the Chancery Funds Act of 1872, with the duties transferred to the Paymaster-General.
In India, the Accountant General is the head of audit team.
The Accountant General is the administrative Head of the Treasury of the Republic of Mauritius. He or she has to ensure that a proper system of account exists in every department of the Treasury and to exercise general supervision over the receipts of public revenue and over the expenditure of the Government. He has to submit to the Director of Audit within six months of the close of every financial year financial statements showing the financial position on the last day of such financial year.
The office of Accountant–General of the Federation was established under Civil Services re-organization Decree No. 43 in 1988. The incumbent is responsible for the overall management of all receipt and payments of the Republic of Nigeria. 
The Accountant-General is in effect the "Chief Financial Officer" of the Government and heads a department within the Ministry of Finance. The incumbent has to fulfill statutory duties under the Constitution, the Financial Procedure Act and other legislative statutes. 
The responsibility of the Accountant General is to promote and enforce effective management in respect of revenue expenditure, assets and liabilities of institutions in all three spheres of Government. This includes the administration of the National Revenue Fund (NRF) and the Reconstruction and Development Programme Fund (RDPF), as well as Banking Services for national departments. 
- One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Accountant-General". Encyclopædia Britannica 1 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
- "The Treasury". Republic of Mauritius. Retrieved 4 July 2014.
- "Accountant-General of the Federation". Office of the Accountant-General of the Federation. Retrieved 4 July 2014.
- "About AGD-Our Role within Whole-of-Government". Government of Singapore. Retrieved 4 July 2014.
- "Welcome to the Office of the Accountant-General". Republic of South Africa. Retrieved 4 July 2014.
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