Accounting machine

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An accounting machine, or bookkeeping machine or recording-adder, was generally a calculator and printer combination tailored for a specific commercial activity such as billing, payroll, or ledger.[1][2] Accounting machines were widespread from the early 1900s to 1980s,[3] but were rendered obsolete by the availability of low-cost computers such as the IBM PC.

This type of machine is generally distinct from unit record equipment (some unit record machines were also called accounting machines).

List of Vendors/Accounting Machines[edit]

See also[edit]

Unit record equipment

References[edit]

  1. ^ Turck, J.A.V. (1921). Origin of Modern calculating Machines. The Western Society of Engineers.
  2. ^ a b c d e Cortada, James W (1993). Before the Computer; IBM, NCR, Burroughs & Remmington Rand & The Industry They Created 1865-1956. Princeton University Press. pp. 158–162. ISBN 0-691-04807-X.
  3. ^ Akera, Atsushi; Nebeker, Frederik (2002). From 0 to 1: An Authoritative History of Modern Computing. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-514025-7.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h Mecham (ed.), Alan D. (1961). Data Processing Equipment Encyclopedia vol.1: Electromechanical Devices. Gille.
  5. ^ a b c Mecham (ed.), Alan D. (1961). Data Processing Equipment Encyclopedia vol.2: Electronic Devices. Gille.
  6. ^ Burroughs E1400
  7. ^ a b c d e f g Weik, Martin H. (1955). A Survey of Domestic Electronic Digital Computing Systems. Ballistic Research Laboratories.
  8. ^ Fierheller, George A. (2006). Do Not Fold, Spindle or Mutilate: The 'Hole' Story of Punched Cards. Stewart. ISBN 1-894183-86-X.
  9. ^ Weik, Martin H. (Mar 1961). "READIX". ed-thelen.org. A Third Survey of Domestic Electronic Digital Computing Systems.
  10. ^ "10. READIX (J. B. Rea Company)". Digital Computer Newsletter. 8 (1): 6–9. Jan 1956.
  11. ^ "READIX General Purpose Computer". ADP Equipment (Bull Machine Company Gamma 60; Philco Transac S-2000 Data Processing System enclosed) Reports: 209–219 (543-553). 1 November 1957.
  12. ^ Photo of ATIC computer: Installations:
  13. ^ "Elecom "50" advertisement | 102646271 | Computer History Museum". www.computerhistory.org. Retrieved 2018-05-31.
  14. ^
  15. ^ "COMPUTERS, U. S. A.: 3. ELECOM, Underwood Corporation". Digital Computer Newsletter. 8 (2): 3–4. Apr 1956.
  16. ^ . 195612.pdf. "NEWS RELEASES: Election Predictions by Electronic Computer". Computers and Automation. 5 (12): 29. Dec 1956.