Accra Metropolis District

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Accra Metropolitan District
City of Accra
City and Metropolitan District
Official seal of Accra Metropolitan DistrictCity of Accra
Seal
Accra Metropolitan DistrictCity of Accra is located in Ghana
Accra Metropolitan DistrictCity of Accra
Accra Metropolitan District
City of Accra
Coordinates: 5°33′N 0°12′W / 5.550°N 0.200°W / 5.550; -0.200Coordinates: 5°33′N 0°12′W / 5.550°N 0.200°W / 5.550; -0.200
Sovereign state Ghana
Region Greater Accra Region
District Accra Metropolitan District
Founded 1898
(Local Government Act, 1993 (Act 462))
(Legislative Instrument 1615)
City Status 1961
Government
 • Type Metropolitan Assembly
 • Metropolitan Chief Executive Mohammed Adjei Sowah
Area[1]
 • Total 139.67 km2 (53.93 sq mi)
Elevation 61 m (200 ft)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 1,665,086
Time zone UTC
Post codes GA
Area code(s) 030
Website http://www.ama.gov.gh/

The Accra Metropolitan District is one of the 216 Metropolitan, Municipal and Districts in Ghana, and among the 16 such districts in the Greater Accra Region with a population of 1,665,086 as of 2010.[2] It spans an area of 139.67 km2 (53.93 sq mi) and encompasses 10 sub-metropolitan councils: Ayawaso West, Ayawaso Central, Ayawaso East, Okai-Koi North, Okai-Koi South, Ablekuma North, Ablekuma Central, Ablekuma South, Osu Klottey, and Ashiedu Keteke.

The district was established by the Local Government Act of 1993 (Act 462) and Legislative Instrument 1615.[1] The local authority of the district, the Accra Metropolitan Assembly, is currently headed by Mohammed Adjei Sowah, who was appointed by the President of the Republic of Ghana in 2017 as the Metropolitan Chief Executive and serves as the political head of the district and mayor of the City of Accra.

Since 1961, the district has been coterminous with the City of Accra, which also serves as its capital.[3] Today, the Accra Metropolitan District is one of the three districts that make up the Accra Metropolitan Area, an area that serves as the capital of Ghana.

Administratively, the district is one of the 12 local authority districts of the Greater Accra Metropolitan Area, which include Tema Metropolitan District, Ga South Municipal District, Ga Central Municipal District, Ga West Municipal District, Ga East Municipal District, Adentan Municipal District, Ashaiman Municipal District, La Nkwantanang Madina Municipal District, La Dade Kotopon Municipal District, Kpone Katamanso District and Ledzokuku-Krowor Municipal District.[4]

History[edit]

Since its establishment, the Accra Metropolitan District has gone through numerous changes with respect to jurisdictional boundaries and number of sub-metropolitan district councils.[3]

Under the local government arrangements when the Accra city council was created in 1953, six area councils were established namely Ablekuma, Ashiedu Keteke, Ayawaso, Okaikoi, Osu Klotey and Kpeshie (which comprised Teshie, Nungua and La).[5] This system operated until 18th March, 1989 when Accra was elevated to metropolitan district status and the area councils became sub-metropolitan district councils under Legislative Instrument 1500 of the new Local Government System (PNDCL 207) Act 462.

In 2003, part of the first schedule of the Accra Metropolitan Legislative Instrument of 1995 (LI 161) was amended and replaced with Legislative Instrument 1722 of 2003 which led to the creation of 7 more sub-metropolitan district councils out of the existing 6. The Kpeshie sub-metropolitan district council was split into the Nungua, Teshie and La sub-metropolitan districts; the Ablekuma sub-metropolitan district council was split into the Ablekuma North, Ablekuma Central, and Ablekuma South sub-metropolitan districts; the Ayawaso sub-metropolitan district council was split into the Ayawaso Central, Ayawaso East, and Ayawaso West sub-metropolitan district council; and the Okaikoi sub-metropolitan district council was split into the Okaikoi North and Okaikoi South sub-metropolitan district council. This intervention was informed by the need to break up the district into smaller sectors to facilitate good governance.[5]

In 2007, to promote efficiency in the administrative machinery and also meet the ever pressing demands for amenities and essential services, the Teshie and Nungua sub-metropolitan district councils were merged and upgraded to a Municipal Status in 2007 as the Ledzokuku-Krowor Municipal District under Legislative Instrument 1865.[5] Later, in 2012, the La sub-metropolitan district council was carved out of the Accra Metropolitan District to form the La Dade-Kotopon Municipal District under Legislative Instrument 2038,[6]

In 2017, the government laid before Parliament Legislative Instruments (LI) for the creation new districts.[7] In the LI, the Ablekuma North, Ablekuma East, and Ablekuma West Municipal Districts are to be created out of the Ablekuma Central, Ablekuma East and Ablekuma West sub-metropolitan district councils of the Accra Metropolitan District. Additionally, the Ayawaso East, Ayawaso Central, and Ayawaso West sub-metropolitan district councils are to be carved out of the Accra Metropolitan District to create the Ayawaso North, Ayawaso East, and Ayawaso West Municipal Districts. The Okaikoi North and Okaikoi South sub-metropolitan district councils are to be merged as the Okaikoi Municipal District. Once assented into law, the Accra Metropolitan District will cover an area of approximately 6.56 km2 (2.53 sq mi) and consist of the Ashiedu Keteke and Osu Klottey sub-metropolitan district councils.

Administrative Area[edit]

Communities within the Accra Metropolitan District

The district covers a total land area of 139.67 km2 (53.93 sq mi). The Accra Metropolitan district is bounded to the north by the Ga West Municipal district, to the west by the Ga South Municipal district, to the east by La Dade Kotopon Municipal district, and to the south by the Gulf of Guinea.[1]

Communities[edit]

Having gone through a number of changes in terms of size and number of sub-metropolitan district councils, the Accra Metropolitan District as it exists now consists of ten sub-metropolitan district councils made up of 72 communities and 76 Electoral Areas.[1] The 20 largest communities by population are thus:

  • Abeka
  • Nima
  • Mamobi
  • Darkuman
  • Osu
  • New town
  • Achimota
  • Dansoman
  • Russia
  • Alajo
  • West Abossey Okai
  • Bubuashie
  • South Odorkor
  • Adedenkpo
  • Adabraka
  • Kokomlemle
  • Lartebiokorshie
  • Sukura
  • Kotobabi
  • Kaneshie

Electoral Areas[edit]

Constituencies
Ablekuma North Ablekuma Central Ablekuma South Ablekuma West Ashiedu Keteke Ayawaso East Ayawaso North Ayawaso West Wuogon Klottey Korley Odododiodioo Okaikoi North Okaikoi Central Okaikoi South
Constituency Electoral Area
Ablekuma North East Darkuman
Ablekuma North West Darkuman
Ablekuma North Kwashieman
Ablekuma North Awoshie
Ablekuma North Odorkor
Ablekuma North Otaten
Ablekuma North Sakaman
Ablekuma Central Abossey Okai
Ablekuma Central Mataheko
Ablekuma Central Adwenbu
Ablekuma Central Gbortsui
Ablekuma Central Mambrouk
Ablekuma Central Lartebiokorshie
Ablekuma Central Nmenmeete
Ablekuma South Korle Gonno
Ablekuma South Korlebu Bu
Ablekuma South Mamprobi
Ablekuma South Chorkor
Ablekuma West New Mamprobi
Ablekuma West Gbebu
Ablekuma West Shiabu
Ablekuma West Opetekwei
Ablekuma West Mampong Okai
Ablekuma West Mansralor
Ayawaso Central Kokomlemle East
Ayawaso Central Kokomlemle West
Ayawaso Central Aryee Diki
Ayawaso Central Kotobabi
Ayawaso Central Alajo
Ayawaso Central Abelenkpe
Ayawaso Central Roman Ridge/Airport Residential Area
Ayawaso East Kanda
Ayawaso East Nima East
Ayawaso East Nima West
Ayawaso North Mamprobi East
Ayawaso North Mamprobi West
Ayawaso North Kwaotsuru
Ayawaso West Wuogon Dzorwulu
Ayawaso West Wuogon Legon
Ayawaso West Wuogon Okplongo
Ayawaso West Wuogon East Legon
Klottey Korley Official Town
Klottey Korley Odawna/Sahara
Klottey Korley North Adabraka
Klottey Korley Tudu
Klottey Korley Asylum Down
Klottey Korley Kinkawe
Klottey Korley Alata
Klottey Korley Osu Doku
Klottey Korley Ringway Estates
Odododiodioo Ngleshie
Odododiodioo Mudor
Odododiodioo Kinka
Odododiodioo Nmlitsagonno
Odododiodioo Korle Wonkon
Odododiodioo Amamomo
Odododiodioo Korle Dudor
Okaikoi Central Kantseian
Okaikoi Central Apenkwa
Okaikoi Central Wuoyeman
Okaikoi Central Blema Gor
Okaikoi Central Olengele Koona
Okaikoi Central Gbemomo
Okaikoi North Anorhuma
Okaikoi North Nii Boiman
Okaikoi North Akweteman
Okaikoi North Achimota
Okaikoi North Abofu
Okaikoi North Anumle
Okaikoi South Bubui
Okaikoi South Kaneshie
Okaikoi South Awudome
Okaikoi South Avenor
Okaikoi South Gonten
Okaikoi South Mukose
Okaikoi South Bubiashie

Demographics[edit]

At the 2010 census, there were 1,665,086 people residing in the district. Out of the total population, about 47% were migrants (born elsewhere in the Greater Accra Region or other regions in Ghana or outside Ghana), with people born in the Eastern Region but resident in the district constituting 27.8% of the migrant population.[1]

The total number of households in the district stood at 501,903 households, out of which 450,794 households lived in the 149,789 houses within the district[1] The average household size in the district is 3.7 persons per household and the population per house is estimated at 11.1, indicating that compound houses are the most common type of dwelling (67.7%) within the district.

38.4% of the population were under the age of 19, 12.4% between 20 and 24, 11.5% between 25 and 29, 21.5% between 30 and 44, 12.2% between 45 and 64, and 4% age 65 and over. For every 100 females, there were about 93 males.[1]

Governance[edit]

AMA sub-metropolitan areas

The Accra Metropolitan district is administered by the Accra Metropolitan Assembly, which is the political and administrative authority for the city of Accra. The Accra Metropolitan Assembly has a general assembly which is constituted by about 102 members: two-thirds are elected representatives and one-third are government appointees.

Sub-Metropolitan District Councils[edit]

The district is made up of ten sub-metropolitan district councils which are subordinate to the general assembly.

Sub-Metro District Councils Office Location
Ablekuma Central Lartebiokorshie
Ablekuma North Darkuman
Ablekuma South Korle-Bu
Ashiedu Keteke Jamestown
Ayawaso Central Kotobabi
Ayawaso East Kanda
Ayawaso West Abelemkpe
Okaikoi North Abeka
Okaikoi South North Industrial Area
Osu Klottey Kwame Nkrumah Circle


Climate[edit]

Accra
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
15
 
 
31
23
 
 
33
 
 
31
24
 
 
56
 
 
31
24
 
 
81
 
 
31
24
 
 
142
 
 
31
24
 
 
178
 
 
29
23
 
 
46
 
 
27
23
 
 
15
 
 
27
22
 
 
36
 
 
27
23
 
 
64
 
 
29
23
 
 
36
 
 
31
24
 
 
23
 
 
31
24
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: BBC Weather[8]

The Accra Metropolitan district features a tropical savanna climate (Köppen climate classification Aw) that borders on a hot semi-arid climate (BSh). The average annual rainfall is about 730 mm, which falls primarily during Ghana's two rainy seasons. The chief rainy season begins in April and ends in mid-July, whilst a weaker second rainy season occurs in October. Rain usually falls in short intensive storms and causes local flooding in which drainage channels are obstructed.

Very little variation in temperature occurs throughout the year. The mean monthly temperature ranges from 25.9 °C (78.6 °F) in August (the coolest) to 29.6 °C (85.3 °F) in March (the hottest), with an annual average of 27.6 °C (81.7 °F). The "cooler" months tend to be more humid than the warmer months. As a result, during the warmer months and particularly during the windy harmattan season, the city experiences a breezy "dry heat" that feels less warm than the "cooler" but more humid rainy season.

As a coastal city, Accra is vulnerable to the impacts of climate change and sea level rise, with population growth putting increasing pressure on the coastal areas.[9] Drainage infrastructure is particularly at risk, which has profound implications for people's livelihoods, especially in informal settlements. Inadequate planning regulation and law enforcement, as well as perceived corruption in government processes, lack of communication across government departments and lack of concern or government co-ordination with respect to building codes are major impediments to progressing the development of Accra's drainage infrastructure, according to the Climate & Development Knowledge Network.[10]

As Accra is close to the equator, the daylight hours are practically uniform during the year. Relative humidity is generally high, varying from 65% in the midafternoon to 95% at night. The predominant wind direction in Accra is from the WSW to NNE sectors. Wind speeds normally range between 8 and 16 km/h. High wind gusts occur with thunderstorms, which generally pass in squalls along the coast.

The maximum wind speed record in Accra is 107.4 km/h (58 knots). Strong winds associated with thunderstorm activity often cause damage to property by removing roofing material. Several areas of Accra experience microclimatic effects. Low-profile drainage basins with a north-south orientation are not as well ventilated as those oriented east-west.

Air is often trapped in pockets over the city, and an insulation effect can give rise to a local increase in air temperature of several degrees. This occurs most notably in the Accra Newtown sports complex areas.

References[edit]