|Date of birth:||August 2, 1909|
|Place of birth:||Komolty, Russian Empire|
|Date of death:||December 4, 1976(aged 67)|
|Place of death:||Kingfisher, Oklahoma|
|Career NFL statistics|
LeRoy Erwin "Ace" Gutowsky (August 2, 1909 – December 4, 1976) was an American football fullback. He played professional football for eight years from 1932 to 1939 and set the NFL career rushing record in October 1939. He held the Detroit Lions' career and single-season rushing records until the 1960s. He is distinguished as being the first Russian to play in the National Football League.
Gutowsky was born of ethnic German colonists in Russia via Poland in 1909. He came to the United States with his father when he was five weeks old. They settled in Kingfisher, Oklahoma, where Gutowsky was raised. Gutowsky learned to play football in the sandlots of Kingfisher and became an outstanding athlete at Kingfisher High School. Pappy Waldorf recruited him to play football at Oklahoma City University. With Waldorf as coach and Gutowsky in the backfield, the Oklahoma City Goldbugs rose to success in football. Former teammate Leo Higbie recalled, "Lynn Waldorf got OCU's football program really going in 1927 when he brought the great Ace Gutowsky of Kingfisher to the school." With Gutowsky in the backfield, the Goldbugs lost only one game in the first two years of the 1930s.
Gutowsky played eight years of professional football in the National Football League for the Portsmouth Spartans (1932–1933), Detroit Lions (1934–1938) and Brooklyn Dodgers (1939). At 5 ft 11 in (1.80 m) and 201 pounds (91 kg), Gutowsky played principally at the fullback position. As a two-way player, Gutowsky's duties on defense were those which in modern football would be associated with a linebacker or defensive back.
Playing for the Portsmouth Spartans in 1932, Gutowsky was tripped by coaching legend George Halas in a championship game against the Chicago Bears. With the Bears leading and four minutes left in the game, Gutowsky took a kickoff and began returning the ball along the sideline. Halas "stuck out his foot and tripped Gutowsky as he ran past with the ball." The officials didn't notice, but Portsmouth coach Potsy Clark "went off like a roman candle" and told Halas he was playing the game under protest. Halas reportedly responded by yelling, "Protest this," while "saluting Clark with a single finger."
Gutowsky enjoyed his greatest success as a member of the Detroit Lions from 1934 to 1936. In 1934, he carried the ball 146 times for the Lions, the highest number of carries by any player during the 1934 NFL season. Gutowsky was also one of the leaders on a defense that ran seven straight shutouts and gave up only 59 points in 13 games. The following year, he was a member of the 1935 Detroit Lions team that defeated the New York Giants in the 1935 NFL Championship Game. In the mid-1930s, the Lions' backfield with Gutowsky, Dutch Clark and Ernie Caddel became known as the "Infantry Attack." While Clark was considered the "flashier" back, Gutowsky was regarded as the "workhorse" and "the one they turned to when the ball was near the goal line." Teammate Glenn Presnell later recalled that Gutowsky was "a hard line plunger."
In 1936, the Lions rushed for 2,885 yards, a mark that stood as the NFL single-season team rushing record until 1972. Gutowsky led the NFL that year with 857 yards from scrimmage, ranking ahead of teammate Dutch Clark and future Hall of Fame inductees Bronko Nagurski and Don Hutson. He also ranked second in the NFL behind Tuffy Leemans in rushing attempts (191), rushing yards (827), and rushing yards per game (68.9). His six rushing touchdowns in 1936 was exceeded only by his teammate Dutch Clark. His 827 rushing yards was the Lions' single-single season rushing record until 1960, when Nick Pietrosante rushed for 872 yards.
Gutowsky finished his playing career in 1939 with the Brooklyn Dodgers football team. On October 22, 1939, in a 23–14 victory over the Philadelphia Eagles, Gutowsky broke Cliff Battles' NFL career rushing record. While his NFL rushing record was short-lived, he continued to hold the Lions' career rushing record into the 1960s. When he concluded his career in the NFL, Gutowsky, Clarke Hinkle and Bronko Nagurski were rated as "the greatest fullbacks ever to play professional football."
Gutowsky became a champion bridge player, winning the 1951 Men's Board-a-Match Teams. The American Contract Bridge Association gave him the "life master" ranking, making him the first Oklahoman to achieve the highest ranking in bridge.
Gutowsky's father, Assaph "Ace" Gutowsky, was in the oil business. He became convinced that a major petroleum deposit lay under the area north of Oklahoma City and scouted the area extensively. In 1942 or 1943, Gutowsky's father discovered an oil field at West Edmond, Oklahoma, that was estimated at 117,000,000 barrels. Gutowsky's father discovered the oil field using a "doodlebug," a "homemade divining rod" and "struck it rich" as several major oil companies bought leases from him. By 1944, Time magazine called the West Edmond field the "greatest concentration of rotary drilling rigs in the world."
- Death Record, Burials in Kingfisher Cemetery, Kingfisher County, Oklahoma
- "Former Spartan Gutowsky Is Near All-Time Yardage Record: Ace Needs 28 Yards to Pass Cliff Battles' Mark Of 3,398 Gained During Professional Grid Career". The Portsmouth Times. October 8, 1939.
- "Hall of Fame: Leroy 'Ace' Gutowsky". Oklahoma City University.
- "Football". Oklahoma Historical Society's Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History & Culture.
- "Ace Gutowsky". pro-football-reference.com.
- Doug Warren (2004). "Leroy 'Ace' Gutowsky" (PDF). The Coffin Corner, Vol. 26. Pro Football Researchers.
- Jim Dent (2003). Monster of the Midway: Bronko Nagurski, the 1943 Chicago Bears, and the Greatest Comeback Ever. Thomas Dunne Books. p. 105. ISBN 978-0-312-30868-1.
- Sean Lahman (2008). The Pro Football Historical Abstract. Globe Pequot. pp. 240–241. ISBN 978-1-59228-940-0.
- "1936 NFL Leaders and Leaderboards". pro-football-reference.com.
- "1960 Detroit Lions". pro-football-reference.com.
- "BEARS DEFEATED AT DETROIT, 36-0; Pietrosante Smashes Lions' Season Mark for Rushing and Gets 2 Touchdowns". The New York Times. December 19, 1960.
- "Gutowsky Sets Pro Grid Mark". Los Angeles Times. October 25, 1939.
- "PRO FOOTBALL MARK BROKEN BY GUTOWSKY; Dodger Back's All-Time Total of 3,399 Yards Tops League". The New York Times. October 26, 1939.
- Richard Whittingham; Keith McClellan (2002). What a Game They Played: An Inside Look at the Golden Era of Pro Football. University of Nebraska Press. p. 193.
- "Leroy "Ace" Gutowsky". Find-a-Grave.
- "'Ace' Gutowsky". Weirton Daily Times, Weirton, West Virginia. December 6, 1976.
- "Mitchell BAM Winners" (PDF). American Contract Bridge League. 2013-12-01. p. 8. Retrieved 2014-10-24.
- "Ace Gutowsky Funeral Rites Are Pending". The Brownsville Herald. April 5, 1951.
- "Ace Gutowsky Dies At Oklahoma City: Russian Emigrant Became Wealthy Sooner Oil Man; Found West Edmond Field". The Ada Evening News. April 5, 1951.
- Kenny Arthur Franks; Paul F. Lambert; Carl N. Tyson (1981). Early Oklahoma Oil: A Photographic History, 1859-1936. p. 231.
- "Black Gold Rush". Popular Mechanics. March 1945. pp. 67–68.
- "OIL: West Edmond's Hour of Glory". Time. August 21, 1944.
- "Another Coach For Oklahoma City U.". The Ada Evening News, Ada, Oklahoma. March 17, 1946.
- "TUTTLE APPOINTED COACH; To Head Oklahoma City Eleven -- Gutowsky Line Mentor". The New York Times. April 8, 1948.
- "Ace Gutowsky". The New York Times. December 6, 1976.
- "Ex-Lion Ace Gutowsky Dies at 66". Detroit Free Press. December 5, 1976. p. 47.