Acehnese people

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Acehnese people
Ureuëng Acèh
اورڠ اچيه
COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Portret van de Sultan van Atjeh TMnr 10001853.jpg
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Teuku Nyak Arif.jpg
Total population
4.6 million[1]
Regions with significant populations
Indonesia : 4,477,000 [1]
Malaysia : 81,000[2]
Sunni Islam
Related ethnic groups
Malays, Kluet, Cham and other Chamic speaking peoples

The Acehnese (also Achinese) are people from Aceh, Indonesia in the northernmost tip of the island of Sumatra. The area has a history of political struggle against the Dutch. Their language, the Acehnese, belongs to the Aceh–Chamic groups of Malayo-Polynesian branch of the Austronesian language family.

They were at one time Hinduised, as is evident from their traditions and the many Sanskrit words in their language. They have been Muslims for several centuries and are generally considered the most conservative[clarification needed] Muslim ethnic group in Indonesia. The estimated number of Acehnese ranges 4.6 million people[1][3] and at least 4.477.000 people live in Indonesia and 81,000 live in Malaysia.[4]

Traditionally, there have been a large number of Acehnese agriculturists, metal-workers and weavers. Traditionally matrilocal, their social organisation is communal. They live in gampôngs, which combine to form districts known as mukims.

Aceh came to international attention as being the hardest-hit region of the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake with 120,000 people dead.

Overseas Acehnese[edit]

Main article: Overseas Acehnese

Due to conflict since Dutch invasion to Aceh until Martial Law in Aceh and 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake, many Acehnese fled abroad. The most significant number of Acehnese can be found in Malaysia[5][6] and Scandinavia[7] countries. Acehnese immigrants also can be found significantly in Singapore,[8] Thailand,[9] Australia,[10] United States[11] and Canada.[12]



Seudati Dance performed at Samalanga, Bireun, Aceh, 1907.

Traditional Acehnese dance portrays the heritage culture, religion and folklore of the common folk.[13] Acehnese dance are generally performed in groups; either in standing or in sitting position, whereby the group of dancers will be of the same gender. If seen from the musical standpoint, the dance can be grouped into two types. One is accompanied with vocals and physical percussive movements of the dancers themselves, and the other is simply accompanied by an assemble of musical instruments.[14]

Traditional cuisine[edit]

Mie Aceh, an Acehnese fried noodles.

Acehnese cuisine is known for its combination of spices just as it is commonly found in Indian and Arabic cuisine such as ginger, pepper, coriander, cumin, cloves, cinnamon, cardamom and fennel.[15] A variety of Acehnese food is cooked with curry or curry and coconut milk, of which is generally combined with meat such as buffalo meat, beef, mutton, fish, and chicken.[16] Several types of traditional recipe uses a blend of cannabis as a flavoring spice; where such cases is also found in some other Southeast Asian cuisines such as in Laos.[17] However today, those substance are no longer used.[18]

Notable persons[edit]

For more details on this topic, see List of Acehnese people.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c "Aceh in Indonesia". Joshua Project. 2015. Retrieved 30 July 2015.  "Aceh in Indonesia". Joshua Project. 2015. Retrieved 30 July 2015. 
  2. ^ "Acehnese in Malaysia". Retrieved 3 September 2015. 
  3. ^ "Acehnese". Encyclopædia Britannica. 2015. Retrieved 14 March 2012. 
  4. ^ Changing Ethnic Composition: Indonesia, 2000-2010 page 14
  5. ^ Nasib Masyarakat Aceh di Malaysia
  6. ^ Arip Budiman (19 May 2010). "25.000 Pengungsi Tsunami Aceh Di Malaysia Harus Pulang". Retrieved 7 February 2011. 
  7. ^ Tanjung, Eka (5 June 2005). "Masyarakat Aceh di Skandinavia". (in Indonesian). Hak Cipta Radio Nederland. Retrieved 7 February 2011. 
  8. ^ "Bagaimana GAM Melobi Internasional". Archived from the original on 24 October 2009. 
  9. ^ Chaidar, Al (4 September 2008). "Aceh Negeri Bayangan". Retrieved 7 February 2011. 
  10. ^ Warga Aceh di Australia prihatin Kondisi Aceh
  11. ^ Ingin Mati di Kampung, Rela Lepas Rumah-Mobil di Harrisburg
  12. ^ Aceh-Malaysia-Vancouver: Settlement Among Acehnese Refugees Five Years On
  13. ^ Proyek Penelitian dan Pencatatan Kebudayaan Daerah Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan (1977). Geografi Budaya Daerah Istimewa Aceh. Proyek Penelitian dan Pencatatan Kebudayaan Daerah Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan; Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan. p. 58. OCLC 14166322. 
  14. ^ Margaret J. Kartomi (2012). Musical Journeys In Sumatra. University of Illinois Press. pp. 288–291. ISBN 978-025-203-671-2. 
  15. ^ Rosemary Brissenden (2007). Southeast Asian Food: Classic and Modern Dishes from Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia and Vietnam. Tuttle Publishing. ISBN 0-7946-0488-9. 
  16. ^ Patrick Witton (2002). World Food: Indonesia. Lonely Planet. ISBN 1-7405-9009-0. 
  17. ^ Alan Davidson (2002). The Penguin Companion to Food. Penguin Books. ISBN 0-1420-0163-5. 
  18. ^ Ahmad Arif, Budi Suwarna & Aryo Wisanggeni Gentong (2 April 2013). "Inilah Rahasia Kelezatan Kari Aceh". Kompas. Retrieved 31 October 2015. 

External links[edit]