|Regions with significant populations|
|Indonesia : 3,404,000 (BPS 2010)
Malaysia : 80,000-120,000
Singapore : 6,000-7,000
|Related ethnic groups|
|Malays, Kluet, Cham and other Chamic speaking peoples|
The Acehnese (also Achinese) are people from Aceh, Indonesia in the northernmost tip of the island of Sumatra. The area has a history of political struggle against the Dutch. Their language, the Acehnese, belongs to the Aceh–Chamic groups of Malayo-Polynesian branch of the Austronesian language family.
They were at one time Hinduised, as is evident from their traditions and the many Sanskrit words in their language. They have been Muslims for several centuries and are generally considered the most conservative[clarification needed] Muslim ethnic group in Indonesia. The estimated number of Acehnese ranges between 4.2 to 4.4 million people and at least 3.4 million people live in Indonesia.
Traditionally, there have been a large number of Acehnese agriculturists, metal-workers and weavers. Traditionally matrilocal, their social organisation is communal. They live in gampôngs, which combine to form districts known as mukims.
Aceh came to international attention as being the hardest-hit region of the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake with 120,000 people dead.
Due to conflict since Dutch invasion to Aceh until Martial Law in Aceh and 2004 Indian Ocean Earthquake, many Acehnese fled abroad. The most significant number of Acehnese can be found in Malaysia and Scandinavia countries. Acehnese immigrants also can be found significantly in Singapore, Thailand, Australia, United States and Canada.
Traditional Acehnese dance portrays the heritage culture, religion and folklore of the common folk. Acehnese dance are generally performed in groups; either in standing or in sitting position, whereby the group of dancers will be of the same gender. If seen from the musical standpoint, the dance can be grouped into two types. One is accompanied with vocals and physical percussive movements of the dancers themselves, and the other is simply accompanied by an assemble of musical instruments.
- Likok Pulo
- Rabbani Wahed
- Ranup lam Puan
- Rapa'i Gèlèng
- Ratéb Meuseukat
- Ratoh Duek
- Saman Dance
- Tari Sewah
- Tarek Pukat
- Iskandar Muda
- Cut Nyak Dhien
- Cut Nyak Meutia
- Teungku Chik di Tiro
- P. Ramlee
- Teuku Muhammad Hasan
- Teuku Umar
- Teuku Jacob
- Hasan di Tiro
- Farhan Ramadhan
- Teuku Wisnu
- Admiral Keumala Hayati
- Surya Paloh
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- Changing Ethnic Composition: Indonesia, 2000-2010 page 14
- Making Noise: The Politics of Aceh and East Timor in the Diaspora page 87
- Nasib Masyarakat Aceh di Malaysia
- Arip Budiman (19 May 2010). "25.000 Pengungsi Tsunami Aceh Di Malaysia Harus Pulang". Kabarinews.com. Retrieved 7 February 2011.
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- "Bagaimana GAM Melobi Internasional". Archived from the original on 24 October 2009.
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- Warga Aceh di Australia prihatin Kondisi Aceh
- Ingin Mati di Kampung, Rela Lepas Rumah-Mobil di Harrisburg
- Aceh-Malaysia-Vancouver: Settlement Among Acehnese Refugees Five Years On
- Proyek Penelitian dan Pencatatan Kebudayaan Daerah Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan (1977). Geografi Budaya Daerah Istimewa Aceh. Proyek Penelitian dan Pencatatan Kebudayaan Daerah Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan; Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan. p. 58. OCLC 14166322.
- Margaret J. Kartomi (2012). Musical Journeys In Sumatra. University of Illinois Press. pp. 288–291. ISBN 978-025-203-671-2.
|Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Achin.|