Acer tataricum

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Acer tataricum
Acer tataricum0.jpg
Foliage and fruit
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Sapindales
Family: Sapindaceae
Genus: Acer
Species: A. tataricum
Binomial name
Acer tataricum
L. 1753
Synonyms[1]
Acer tataricum.jpg

Acer tataricum (Tatar Maple or Tatarian Maple) is a species of maple widespread across central and southeastern Europe and temperate Asia, from Austria and Turkey east as far as Japan and the Russian Far East. The species is named after the Tatar peoples of southern Russia; the tree's name is similarly commonly also spelled "Tartar" in English.[2][3]

Foliage

Acer tataricum is a deciduous spreading shrub or small tree growing to 4–12 metres (13–39 ft) tall, with a short trunk up to 20–50 centimetres (7.9–19.7 in) diameter and slender branches. The bark is thin, pale brown, and smooth at first but becoming shallowly fissured on old plants. The leaves are opposite and simple, broadly ovate, 4.5–10 centimetres (1.8–3.9 in) long and 3–7 centimetres (1.2–2.8 in) broad, unlobed or with three or five shallow lobes, and matte green above; the leaf margin is coarsely and irregularly toothed; the leaf petiole is slender, often pink-tinged, 2–5 centimetres (0.79–1.97 in) long. The flowers are whitish-green, 5–8 millimetres (0.20–0.31 in) diameter, produced in spreading panicles in spring as the leaves open. The fruit is a paired reddish samara, 10–12 millimetres (0.39–0.47 in) long with a 2–3 centimetres (0.79–1.18 in) wing, maturing in late summer to early autumn.[2][3][4]

Subspecies

subspecies accepted by the Plant List maintained by Kew Gardens in London.[5][4]

  • Acer tataricum subsp. aidzuense (Franch.) P.C.DeJong
  • Acer tataricum subsp. ginnala (Maxim.) Wesm. - Japan, Korea, Mongolia, eastern Russia, northeastern and central China
  • Acer tataricum subsp. semenovii (Regel & Herder) A.E.Murray - Tibet, Afghanistan, southern Russia, Iran
  • Acer tataricum subsp. tataricum - Caucasus, Turkey, Austria, Hungary, Romania, Serbia, Ukraine
  • Acer tataricum subsp. theiferum (W.P.Fang) Y.S.Chen & P.C.de Jong - China

Acer tataricum is related to Acer ginnala (Amur Maple) from northeastern Asia; this is treated as a subspecies of Tatar Maple (Acer tataricum subsp. ginnala) by some botanistsbut not by others. They differ conspicuously in the glossy, deeply lobed leaves of A. ginnala, compared to the matte, unlobed or only shallowly lobed leaves of A. tataricum.[2]

Cultivation and uses[edit]

Tatar Maple is occasionally grown as an ornamental plant in gardens throughout Europe and also in North America. In Russia, it is valued in farmland shelterbelts.[3] It is locally naturalised in eastern North America.[2][6]

References[edit]

External link[edit]