Aceratherium

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Aceratherium
Temporal range: Miocene
Aceratherium incisivum 2 skull.JPG
A. incisivum skull
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Perissodactyla
Family: Rhinocerotidae
Subfamily: Aceratheriinae
Genus: Aceratherium
Kaup, 1832
Species
  • A. incisivum (Cuvier, 1822) (type)
  • A. depereti Borissiak, 1927
  • A. porpani[1] Deng, Hanta & Jintasakul, 2013

Aceratherium was a genus of rhinoceros of the tribe Aceratheriinae that lived in Eurasia and Africa during the Miocene. It reached 2.3 m (7 ft 7 in) in length, a height of about 120 cm (47 in) and a weight of nearly 1 ton.[2]

Taxonomy[edit]

Restoration by Heinrich Harder

Aceratherium was coined by Kaup (1832) for "Rhinoceros" incisivum Cuvier, 1822 on the basis of the similarity of two skulls from Eppelsheim, Germany to the holotype incisor tooth from Weisenau in dental structure.[3] However, the tooth from Weisenau has been recognized as belonging to a member of Teleoceratini, although the name Aceratherium has been widely used for the Eppelsheim skulls.[4] Many species have been referred to Aceratherium, but only three valid species are recognized (A. incisivum, A. depereti, and A. porpani).

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tao Deng, Rattanaphorn Hanta and Pratueng Jintasakul (2013). "A new species of Aceratherium (Rhinocerotidae, Perissodactyla) from the late Miocene of Nakhon Ratchasima, northeastern Thailand". Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 33 (4): 977–975. doi:10.1080/02724634.2013.748058. 
  2. ^ Esperanza Cerdeño and Begoña Sánchez: Intraspecific variation and evolutionary trends of Alicornops simorrense (Rhinocerotidae) in Spain. The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters Zoologica Scripta 29 (4. October), 2000, p. 275–305
  3. ^ Kaup, J. J. 1832. ¨Uber Rhinoceros incisivus Cuvier und eine neue Art, Rhinoceros schleiermacheri. Isis 8:898–904.
  4. ^ Giaourtsakis, I. X., and K. Heissig. 2004. On the nomenclatural status of Aceratherium incisivum (Rhinocerotidae, Mammalia); pp. 314–317 in A. A. Chatzipetros and S. B. Pavlides (eds.), Proceedings of 5th International Symposium on Eastern Mediterranean Geology, Volume1,14–20April2004,Thessaloniki,Greece.AristotleUniversity, Thessaloniki.