Acetobacterium

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Acetobacterium
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Bacteria
Phylum: Firmicutes
Class: Clostridia
Order: Clostridiales
Family: Eubacteriaceae
Genus: Acetobacterium
Balch et al.[1]
Species

Acetobacterium bakii
Acetobacterium carbinolicum
Acetobacterium fimetarium
Acetobacterium malicum
Acetobacterium paludpsum
Acetobacterium tundrae
Acetobacterium wieringae
Acetobacterium woodii

Acetobacterium is a genus of anaerobic, Gram-positive bacteria that belong to the Eubacteriaceae family. The name has originated because they are acetogens, predominantly making acetic acid as a byproduct of anaerobic metabolism. Most of the species reported in this genus are homoacetogens, i.e. solely producing acetic acid as their metabolic byproduct. They should not be confused with acetic acid bacteria which are aerobic, Gram-negative Alphaproteobacteria and widely used to produce vinegar.

The type species of this genus is Acetobacterium woodii.[1] The genus name, Acetobacterium, was chosen despite the long-standing usage of the similar genus name Acetobacter for a main group of the acetic acid bacteria.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Balch, W. E.; Schoberth, S.; Tanner, R. S.; Wolfe, R. S. (1977). "Acetobacterium, a New Genus of Hydrogen-Oxidizing, Carbon Dioxide-Reducing, Anaerobic Bacteria". International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology. 27 (4): 355. doi:10.1099/00207713-27-4-355.